ISSN: 1813-0410

Volume 12, Issue 1

Volume 12, Issue 1, Winter 2016, Page 1-260

The effect of using playometric exercises to develop the skill of backhand in tinnis jumping

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 1-10

The impact of the use of exercises to develop the skill blauimetric backhandnd strike in tennis and jumping Scientists and specialists sought in the field of Physical Education and Sports Science developed training curricula Tackier with modern developments as the performance of the game in recent years the level has risen in a clear and doubled efforts for the high level of skill performance and speed significantly in the world, the fact that the sport of tennis from sports that rely heavily on side skills, so you should take care of the training curriculum physical requirements that are associated with his skills and speed of response motor using exercise background and the strike of jumping from the more important and again skills during the game and should Mastery fully to win, and that Tkaraha dramatically in the game and mastery fully lead to Performance Integration in the game, so is the study of important studies of the fact that the scarcity of the presence of a previous field studies dealing with this problem in a game of tennis or taking different dimensions, prompting the researcher to the numbers of this scientific study, and here demonstrated the importance of research in going into the skill background blow to jump using blauimetric exercises to develop the jump.

Warming and water consumption of the rice crop in the province of Najaf during the period 1981- 2010.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 11-27

The phenomenon of warming is global, in fact, but its strength varies from one place to another and from one time to another. This difference is due to the causes of this phenomenon contrast. In the study area proved the existence of time clear contrast to this phenomenon. As proved by the trend line that the value of coefficient of increase temperatures rates were varied from month to month but the increase was more months of March, which amounted to a trend line towards the 0.1077 and so this was the most warmest month between months. The amount of water consumed by the rice crop by separating growth was increasingly are other progress-year study period, in line with the warming phenomenon. The month of June was the first month of the separation of rice crop growth in terms of water consumption rising trend line value of about 0.668. And statistically proven that the Pearson correlation coefficient was strong and months, the whole growing season. Which indicates that the water consumption linked to the phenomenon of warming power during the years 1981 to 2010 period. The strength of the correlation coefficient varied from month to month, and it was less closely months is about the month of July 0911. The strongest month in association coefficient was the month of April, as it was about 0996. In applying the test (t) the results indicate that the values of (t) calculated over the value (t) Indexed for months separating all rice crop growth without exception. The R2 value indicates the high value of warming and its role as head of an influential increase in water consumption during the study period, with the decline in the value of the amount of the contribution of other factors statistically.

The privilege of a leased property

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 28-38

The concession leased the property from the important issues, and because it is linked to need rights and the extent of scientific progress, and that what characterizes the creditor's right lessor of the distinct nature, given to generate for the supply of a basic need for the debtor, whether represented in the shelter him or provide a source of livelihood for him, this Besides the other hand, it works on the provision of credit to the debtor of the debtor facilitate obtaining housing harboring him, due franchise in the upbringing of the Roman law, but he was not the right franchise in Roman law of nature, which has in the trendy modern legislation, Valamtaaz when the Romans did not really kind but just a priority, the law gives some ordinary creditors at each other in mind than the recipe religion, and I've known Iraqi legislator franchise in the first paragraph of Article 1361 civil as "franchise a priority in the interpolation particular regard for religion for some reason this religion" Valamtaaz right gives its owner the benefits of the right kind, which are tracking and priority All the franchises granted priority and originally it was giving tracking well but the law forbids some of the privileges of the droit de suite General Kalamtyazat Valamtaaz right in rem collateral, like the mortgage quality and consequent he caused the debt secured by the presence and LACK who shall, if the secured debt and expires Bannagdhaih the right of franchise to respond to all the movable and immovable material was or moral, no exception, but the things that come out to deal Halta circle can not be sold Palmzadbesorhmstqlh right franchise Kalrhn inherently right and parcel it remains fully on one thing burdened him until he secured debt by Pettmamh unless otherwise agreed otherwise, it has been considered the Syrian legislator all franchise rights, such as rights in rem Altbaahokzlk legislator Iraq, and to establish the concession leased property availability of three conditions to be a creditor franchisor Pay recipe Almajrellaan real estate, and to have secured debt to excellence arising from holding Aizharpalmany legal and be Almagor, a drug, and that there are leased movables material subject to booking it, and that portables are owned by the Tenant or the like, and expire concession leased property general reasons that expire by other privileges other which expires Moreover Bsbouapn special, two transfer of funds heavily excellence of the leased property, and if you lose possession of the lessor leased to the eye.

News coverage of the activities of the Interior Ministry in the Iraqi satellite channel For the period from 03/01_ 05/31/2015 AD

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 40-56

The research study of news coverage in the Iraqi satellite channel for the activities of the Ministry of Interior and the disclosure of many topics, including Mamphom Coverage and its role within the satellite channel targets? What are the main issues and topics which involved the Iraqi satellite channels Do you across the news in Iraqi Satellite TV about the course of events, issues and activities for the Ministry of Interior? What are the forms, methods and sources relied on by the channel during the period of coverage of the activities of the Ministry of Interior.
Also it threw a researcher to achieve the goal of research by knowing the size of the interest of the Iraqi Satellite TV for the activities of the Ministry of Interior in all its divisions and Directorate by knowing the volume of news coverage of the activities in relation to the rest of the subjects in their news newsletters under study, identify the order of news of the activities of the Ministry of Interior within Bulletin board. Identify the forms and types of news coverage that followed the Iraqi channel in the handling of the news Obar.altaraf Arts included in the main news bulletin, the special activities of the Ministry of the Interior (news, reports, interviews, analysis).
This is the search of descriptive research in terms of type researcher has used the survey method to reach the goals that the researcher seeks to achieve has been used screening method which is one of the most curricula in line with the requirements of our research, which focuses on reaching the most prominent data, information and rely on the collection of facts, analysis and interpretation to extract implications. And up through to the issuing circulars on that position or phenomenon that the researcher studied, research deals with news coverage of the activities of the Iraqi Interior Ministry in the Iraqi satellite channel in the light conducting a survey of the news in the channel, due to the presence of more than a news bulletin broadcast throughout the day lost was chosen by the researcher to the newsletter of the main channel where the bulletin of the main Iraqi channel that broadcasts in at ten. The researcher style comprehensive survey of news Iraqi affairs which addressed the channel through bulletins President within a period of research, included newsletters president for research, a spatial field applied to the study, the researcher has relied on intentionality sample system, comprehensive and exclusively for the satellite (Iraqi News The research found group Results of the most important:
1. extracted from the search total temporal area of the news presented during news bulletins major in the Iraqi satellite channel in eight o'clock in the evening and a full hour of approximately (5,460) minutes for the duration of the search, has given the channel much attention to the news of local affairs came first prize with a time of (3460) minute by (63.36%), while the second place went to the news of Arab affairs and recorded a time of 1650 minutes and by (30.21%), and occupied the News of the World Shan third place and a time of 350 minutes and by (6.41%)
2. shows that the total news presented at the news bulletin board in the search for the period from (1/3 1/6/2006) up to about 2150 news story, it came with local affairs News ranked first in terms of quantity and rate of (48.2%) The news of Arab affairs was the share of second place by (40.6%), came news of an international case in third place and by (11.2%).
3. Show that the news coverage of the issue of Iraq in the Baghdad governorate came first among news coverage of Iraq and other provinces, and by (37.65%). And occupied the news coverage of the Iraq war in the central provinces (Diyala, Anbar, Hilla) ranked second among news coverage of Iraq's provinces other, and by (26.56%), while occupied the news coverage of the northern provinces (Mosul, Kirkuk, Salah al-Din) from Iraq It ranked third among geographic, news coverage and Iraqi affairs by (21.25%). It came news coverage of the southern provinces (Karbala, Najaf, Kut, Diwaniyah, Al-Muthanna, Maysan, Dhi Qar, Basra) ranked fourth among geographic, news coverage and Iraqi affairs by (9.37%). The news coverage was occupied in the Kurdistan region of Iraq (Erbil, Sulaimaniya, Dohuk) ranked fifth among geographic Iraqi affairs, news coverage, and by (9.37%).
4 .kat News regard the security and the Iraqi military has occupied the first place in the ranking of local Iraqi news public that has been covered in the Bulletin of the President and by (53.12%) with news of political affairs came in second place and by (21.09%) came the category of the Ministry of Interior Activities Iraq ranked third by (10.62%) and occupied the news of economic affairs in fourth place and by (6.78%), while Sports News regard came in fifth place and by (6.09%) came news of Cultural Affairs, and by the last place (1.77 %).
5. shows that the largest percentage of the News of the Interior Ministry's activities were presented in the center of the newsletter major Iraqi satellite channel.
6. shows that the news occupied the first place among television news Arts which dealt with the Interior Ministry's activities, as the number of news contained within the sample period amounted to (78) story and by up to (57.35%) of the television news Arts proportion used in the provision of News of the Interior Ministry's activities during the main news bulletin, which was the total number (136) chronicles art. The news report came in second place among television news Arts provided to news Interior Ministry's activities through the bulletin President, and at a rate of (30.88%), while news analysis came in third place and by (8.82%).
7. was adopted channel on the news that have come from (reporter or delegate) came in first place and by (55.88%) of the total news Interior Ministry Blindfolded activities, which amounted to (136) news, and the news that the source (of TV channels or radio ) came in second place of the total sources adopted by the Iraqi satellite channel in its coverage of the Iraqi affairs by which (18.38%), and occupied the news gleaned from the (news agencies) third of total private activities of the Ministry of Interior news sources by (14.70%) the ratio of the total, as news came that the source (Newspapers) in fourth place among the sources adopted by the Iraqi channel in its coverage of the activities of the Ministry of Interior and by (11.02%) of the total percentage of the covered news of the activities of the Ministry of Interior.
8. shows that the cover-up of the activities of the Interior Ministry in the Iraqi channel through the sample period, came in first place and by (59.55%) of the total proportion of news Blindfolded and mean cover-up follow up the developments of events any Ministry of Interior's activities on the Iraqi arena, either Grade Second it went to documentaries or news coverage of the decision-making and by (23.52%).

Cyber Terrorism and ways to face it

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 57-72

All forms of terrorism represent a threat to national and international security , because of its devastating effects on the citizens' security and stability, and the economic capabilities and political prestige of the State in the regional and international environment . Adding to the risk of terrorist activity, the tremendous development in mass communications and the Internet revolution that has transformed the world into a small village, and made the information available to terrorists to use in the implementation of their terrorist activities, to be created this new type of terrorism called cyber terrorism.
This research aims to identify the nature of the cyber terrorism, and investigate the causes and manifestations, and then identify ways to face it.
The research has come to the conclusion that cyber terrorism is an illegal activity using the International Network of Information applications, issued by states, groups or individuals to harm the physical and moral structures of a society or its institutions to achieve political goals. This make information as a weapon of this type of terrorism, which is getting more dangerous and deadly greater progress in the informational field, especially in the most advanced countries in the technical field. On the face of it, the states must take what could be a means to counter this electronic threat through a series of actions at the states level and the international community, and in terms of legislation, technical and legal preparations. God bless

Challenges of Social Tourist Development Karbala as a Sample

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 73-85

For thousands of years, palm cultivation is one of the oldest plantations in the world , specifically, in the land of Mesopotamia. It constitutes about one third of Iraq's economy in the past. In fact, Iraq relies on oil industry as a main resource for its economy, secondly agriculture, and thirdly industrial sector . However, later in 2001, it has been thought that tourism can be invested as it effectively promotes economy by directing efforts towards the development of this sector like many countries which are known for their complete reliance on tourist imports which are approximately estimated at (7% - 9 %).
The concept of Rural Tourism is obviously absent in Iraqi society, in general, and in Karbala community , in particular. Karbala has some wonderful sceneries and sights which present tranquility, spiritual peace, serenity, comfort, and recreation; away from the hustle of the city. Accordingly, the countryside can be transformed into a range for the activation of Agri-Tourism, Leisure Tourism, and Aquatic Tourism as well. Because of these qualifications that are found near streams, the tourists enjoy their time and have fun where they can roam across canoes and a small boat that is called (almashahav). It is also possible to encourage river fishing besides Hunting tourism , including, bird hunting. Moreover, roads are made for linking orchards and facilitating transport , consequently, the costs of projects and even the traffic jams will be reduced , especially, on the days of million visitors in this holy city.
Many of these orchards are considered to be useful for they preserve the natural and national treasures that help the development of several agricultural businesses, tourist economics, and cultural customs. Such places also help publish economic and local community traditions, in addition to raise the cultural consciousness where a direct contact is made with the tourist and the visitor to these areas. So, they end with increasing the economic and cultural value of the country as a whole. The research has concluded that taking a model of a small mill project to produce molasses will be helpful for calculating the processes of production and consumption besides the marketing of goods that are made of palm trees, which are regarded as one of many basic valuable nourishment materials for man, not to mention that Iraqi dates are looked at as a competitor for the rest of all types of dates, both globally and in the Arab world.

The Pectash – Their Origin – Their Sufism And Their Hospices : Holy Karbala And Holy Najaf cities Hospices (Takyah) Examples

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 86-106

The study entitled ( The Pectash – Their Origin – Their Sufism And Their hospices : Holy Karbala and Holy Najaf cities Hospices as Example ) is a study worthy of research as it sheds light on one of the Islamic cultural a spects regarding the religious doctrine of the Sufism and the style of desiging and architecture of their Sufis hospices .
The Pectashi Sufis sect was characterized by its shiism and their great love to the holy prophet ( pbuhe progeny ) and his progeny (pbuth) which was substantiated through the Sufis thoughts and traditions and customs .
The study tackled the Pactashi sect from its emergence at the hand of haj Pectash in the seventh century of Hejera – the thirteenth century anno domino .
The attempt of the Ottomans reign to put an end to it in the thirteenth century A.H. – the nineteenth century A.D. The way how that sect spread reaching to Iraq was clearly shown where samples of the Pectashi hospices were sen with in different cities especially the cities of the holy shrines of Ahlul-Bait Imams (pbuth) in holy Karbala and holy Najaf cities .
Within two sections , the study showed all that was related to that sect regarding their rituals and the nature of their social and economic status and also their position and rank in the Ottomans authority ; the study showed that they assisted the Turkish army at first and then became the major players in the Turkish policy as they had the power of nominating and deposing the Ottomans sultans and ministers .
Section one tackled the emergence of the Pectashi sect till its decline and not permitting people to join it within the borders of the Ottomans state and its colonies from the official side .However , it continued inspite of that prevention but with less style as was the case in Iraq .
This section also showed the nature of the Sufism sect and their way of thinking and their traditions in generad and then the Pectashi Sufism thinking , tradition and customs in particular .
Section two dealt with the nature and method of desiging and constructing the Pectashi hospices starting from some of the Islamic cities chronologically ordered passing by Baghdad and then extensively talking about their hospices in holy Karbala and holy Najaf cities due to the significance , this subject had in showing some (part) of the cultural a spect and the meeting together of the Islamic cultures and their being mixed in small districts represented by the holy shrines . The paper also showed that the Islamic nation – inspite of the attempts of discrimination and disruption which some tried and would try to plant and spread among its sects – but it is still unified and still the matter goes beyond this as the Islamic religion and the Ahlul – Bait's (pbuth) doctrine at the hand of haj Pectash , the founder of the Pectash sect ( way of thinking) , attracted lots of the Eurpean Christians to become Muslims due to the spiritual satisfaction , forgiveness and love they saw in it as the study clarified .

The Effect Relationship Between Boundary-Spanning Strategies and Strategic Renewal Through the mediator role for Strategic Agility Analytical Research to a Sample Opinions from Managers at The Zain Iraq Company for Telecommunications

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 107-126

This research seeks to identify the mediator role of Strategic Agility between Boundary-Spanning Strategies and Strategic Renewal , and in order to achieve this has been the adoption of the Boundary-Spanning Strategies (Closing Strategy , Gradient Strategy , and Predict Strategy ) based on the (Piercy , 2009) was the adoption of the dimensions of Strategic Agility (Strategic Sensitivity , Strategic Response , and Collective Capabilities) based on the (Mavengere , 2013) as has been the adoption of dimensions of Strategic Renewal (Process Innovation and Knowledge Management) based on (Folkeringa et al , 2004). Has been chosen Zain Iraq Company for Telecommunications a field to search through a questionnaire form included 154 members of Heads of departments and units. Have been using confirmatory factor analysis (Structural equation modeling) and some of descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and simple regression analysis and Hierarchical multiple regression analysis, according to a in the test of mediator variable set out in the study (Baron & Kenny, 1986) . Has been reached to a set of conclusions that of the most important that variable of the Strategic Agility of partially mediates the relationship between Boundary-Spanning Strategies and Strategic Renewal at the level Zain Iraq Company for Telecommunications, research has concluded a number of appropriate recommendations .

"Preferable teaching methods to teach educational and psychological subjects from evening classes college students' point of view"

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 127-139

The current research study aims to identify the preferable teaching methods to teach educational and psychological subjects from evening classes college students' point of view. To investigate this, the researcher put forward four descriptive and deductive questions:The research sample was 180 female and male students from evening studies/ University of Zakho for the academic year 2014-2015. These samples were chosen from different disciplines (Humanities and Scientific schools).
The descriptive analytical approach was adapted to analyze the phenomenon as it is. The researcher also designed a special questionnaire made up of three different teaching methods. After the research tested the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, it was given to the participants to fill it in. The data was then collected and analyzed using the appropriate analytical methods (Kay testing square X2) and (SPSS) statistical method. Results showed the following:
1. Unavailability of statistical difference at (0.05) among the views of the participants with regards to their preferable teaching methods.
2. Availability of statistical difference at (0.05) between the two views of the Humanities students' points of view and Science students' points of view regarding their preferable teaching methods.
3. Unavailability of the statistical difference at (0.05) between the views of the first year students and second year students/Evening classes with regards to their preferable teaching methods.
According to the results of the current study, the researcher came up with some conclusions such as: college students/ evening studies preferred the second teaching method which was based on participation and student centeredness especially Humanities departments. He also put forward some recommendations and encouraged a conduction of a similar study to see the similarities and differences of the results

Spatial distribution and sectoral thresholds Almtehrtin projects and governmental projects in the city of Karbala for the duration (2007-2015) Comparative Study

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 140-152

Karbala province has become today a Direction to the attention of lovers of AHL AL-BAYT (peace be upon them), as visitors flock to it from different points of the world to visit the holy shrines in a steady increase over the years to make it from Attractive provinces of the population where it was necessary to secretarial plenary of the doorsill holy Husseinia and Abbasid establishment of projects to serve those huge numbers of the population came Search for the detection of the developmental role played by these projects
And show the spatial and contrast in the administrative units of the study area and know the projects adopted by doorsill holy Husseinia and Abbasid and compared with government projects because there was a difference in the spatial and sectorial distribution of projects holy doorsill and government projects over the years duration of the study

Salnamas Wilaya of West Tripoli and its importance in the study of the modern Libyan history

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 153-166

This research aims to study the yearly reports (salnamas) which issued by Ottoman administration in the Wilaya of west Tripoli during the end of the 19th century.
These salnamas considers asan important historical document for it contain a historical information's about administration ,Walies , officials ,administrative board .It contains also another information's about the economic sides such as lands ,agriculture , market , internal and external trades , texts, and budget , as well as social sides such as population, tribes, education, health and foreign colonies.
The research has shown the instability of the administrative side of the Wilaya , as witnessed economic aspect of diversity and prosperity in the production, sale and purchase operations, through official statistics mentioned. As for the social aspects, the public services that were provided by the government at the time were limited to major cities and near its authority. The period witnessed an increase in the number of foreign communities, and the number of consuls who represent the communities of those countries , which was an introduction to the penetration and colonization

Analysis of the productivity of municipal services in accordance with the envelope data analysis software (DEA) (Applied research in the municipalities of karbala directorate)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 167-190

Services occupies great importance in the lives of the urban population it can be said that the services sector is the basis for the activities of urban centers in the world, and if they Cities functions and activities of commercial, industrial, religious and other, these events are all based on the services sector is a successful and advanced city by the services provided to residents. The basic aim of the research measuring production efficiency of municipal institutions in the holy city of Karbala for seven Municipality institutions because of this city of great importance and to prepare large of visitors who come from different Iraqi cities and the Arab countries, so that the study of productivity measurements municipal services of key and critical to municipalities issues. It can ensure citizen satisfaction and loyalty by providing the best services to exploit optimization of resources and can Baanhamn through the following:
• A description of the different mechanisms of action in the collection of waste and the method of work and the preparation of the vehicles used and time of work and related activities services provided.
• account statement and inputs, each according to its impact on the efficiency of the Municipal Corporation.
• It is known that the output measure of the institutions that offer the service is facing great difficulties, so were the main outputs account an amount of waste collected in tons through Maeetm collected from the machines and vehicles that collect waste, which represents an important axis to search through display types and sizes, as well as to the secondary output of the other space, serviced and the preparation of the role and the population.
• Use Data envelopment analysis program to measure productivity.
Find showed the collection of waste in municipal institutions are mainly dependent on the mechanisms used to collect and methods used efficiently and effectively service the results showed that production efficiency vary between the municipality and the other institution depending on the proper use of resources.

Hair language when Ben Khuraim Ayman al-Asadi d. 80 AH / 699 AD))

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 212-222

This research deals with the language of poetry when Ayman bin Khuraim Asadi, Mtardha of the most important words and compositions and methods used by the poet and how to employ them within different contexts reflects the mental state and the conditions experienced by the poet turned out the ability of the poet and his skill and technical in a statement creations in the recruitment of these words and meanings in order to serve his hair to earn semantics the richest and give it elegance and beautiful. This study was exposed to the life of the poet and literary stature to meet the investigator Cabinet statement detail and plants.

Advices prophet (p.b.u .h) sitizens and servants

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 223-230

We can explain the Idea of the messenger Mohammad (p .b .u .h) about the citizens and servants .
During amount of advices which released from him inorder to orginize .
The members of Islamic society .
In spite of the happening of some collision with citizen. But we can say. the messenger (p .b .u .h) . desired for prevent this Important layer from the young state by a lot of advices as the better treating with citizens and servants and suitable piece with them and never harm them . In any time and any place If they did not work any type of wrong opposite him and the others members of socity . Inorder ko stay live with them .
The same time we find alot of advices about the servants .
from the messenger (b .p .u .h) which give them the essential .
Individual from the eating and wearing…ect

Study Title: The formation of structure in the temporal kill off Husseini

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 231-244

In these pages we have tried to address the text kill off studying the literary text Academy, has been imposed on us consider this to kill off Husseini not as ideologically text but as a full-fledged narrative text based on the story of her privacy at Muslims in general, and addressed by our study Alboutikie Alsrdih- Of the total fighter Husseini chose kill off narrated by Abdul-Zahra al-Kaabi for privacy, while the advantage of the other character's historic fighter, is characterized by the death of al-Kaabi as paying job influential and expressive at the forefront of the news function (reference), and limited our study on the section to cause only the day of Ashura in an attempt to determine the area of search , the study of one of the categories of time because of the time of importance in the formation of the narrative structure of the text, and we restrict ourselves to the study of relations arrangement only Maitbaha study of the forms of time ironically in the text.

Significant compositional grammatical function of words on a fall in the Qur'an

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 246-257

The words mean words, and these words or words if one was assigned to the other count us a composite of two or more words is termed a wholesale.
And as such is the basic foundation of the sentence because he cares about the copied word with the other in the installation of wholesale and not harmonious words in sentences spoken only images of what is happening in the mind of the moral structure .
And Tumble Aelloukah severe fell drops plopped fallen to it , and projected conquest fall from my hand fell slightly fallen to , and Muscat thing projection into fall.
And loss on the same thing any threw him drop it , and molt thing is following his fall,Since the reading differences lead to different meaning have we dealt with the readings that I read out the word ( loss (.
I read : stressing loss and dilution argument for those who stressed that he wanted to dwell second falling na Adghamha in China , he stressed that the argument that those who commuted to delete na softening because they weigh two characters homogenous moving averages meeting some of them Baladgam softens and relieves them of the deletion. And all the words fall and derivatives contained in the Koran.
As synonymous with the function and the number of her seventeen has reached the term of which received formula acts and other format names. And tandem : it is a difference words meaning one , went around and go and it was his best chance to search , and were as follows:
1. scatter : dispersed : fell sporadic.
2. And fancy : the fall of the tyrants to wn , fancy : go downhill, and fancy : go on a hike.
3. Shelf collapsed if cracked from behind a constant.
4. Hill drop it on the mound and wrestled to the brow of the slaughter.
5. fall to time heard of it trickling sound, Purl said the sound of water , wind and other things that fall from the altitude were received in abundance in the Koran.
6. Deteriorated: Pink fell into the well , and was shot in the well drop.
7. knock down: Indicate the thing fall to earth And other synonyms that gives meaning fallen.

A linguistic Analysis of Book Reviews in English with Reference to Two Reviews on Crystal's: Txtng: the Gr8 Db8

Besma Khalid Ingaish

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

A book review presents a summary of what the author of the book wants to say. Reviewers state their opinions about the book at hand and attempt to evaluate and assess the book in terms of the recent developments of the particular field which the book tackles.
The problem of this paper will address the question of what linguistic structures and rhetorical moves are employed in the two book reviews on Crystal's Txtng.
It is hypothesized that moves are stable but sub-functions are not
The aim of this paper is to analyze two such reviews. The two reviews are about the same book which deals with the ongoing sociolinguistic phenomenon of texting via cellphones. The title of the book itself is written in this style of communication: Txng: the Gr8 Db8 by the prominent linguist David Crystal.
The paper discusses these reviews which are written by Tagg (2008) and Carston (2008) in terms of their rhetorical moves and linguistic features. A model proposed by Motta-Roth (1998) is applied to these reviews.
The analysis has revealed that sub-functions are subject to variation in comparison with the moves which are fixed. These variations in the sub-functions depend on how the reviewer deals with the book.

Creative chaos theory: Devote the chaos and the dismantling of the State Iraq after the 2003 model)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 191-211

The Creative Chaos Theory which embodied the US foreign policy in the Middle East since the beginning of the second millennium has not been the cause of the destruction of some countries in the region, as some believe, so we cannot be attributed the disintegration of Iraq and devote the chaos after 2003 to the American creative chaos theory insofar as the Iraqi political forces and parties has a direct cause of the disintegration of the state and the consecration of chaos and politicization of institutions, due to their political rivalries and incompatibility among them, and so it causing a sectarian war and political conflict, which it cause later on spreading chaos and the dismantling of internal and external structure of the Iraqi state. And then, the sectarianism, and quotas, and the absence of the Constitution and the law, weakening the military establishment, and forming armed factions which working for outside, is the outcome of the Iraqi political forces conflict, then the chaos and the dismantling of the state is the natural result of that conflict.

Mechanical Properties of Xanthan Cellulose Gum-TiO2 Composite

Abdulazeez O.Mousa Al-Ogaili; Lamis F. Nassir Muthanna

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

Some of physical properties of xanthan cellulose gum (Xn) dissolves in distilled water had been studied at different concentrations (0.1, 0.2,…, 0.8)% g/mL before and after adding (0.25and 0.5) g of (TiO2) for all concentrations. The mechanical properties such as ultrasonic velocity has been measured by ultrasonic waves system at frequency( 25 kHz) and other mechanical properties have been calculated such as absorption coefficient of ultrasonic waves, relaxation time, relaxation amplitude, specific acoustic impedance, compressibility and bulk modules. The results show that all these properties are increase with the increasing of the polymer concentration except compressibility, also, the results show that when adding (TiO2) these properties are increasing except compressibility is decreasing. But adding (TiO2) to (Xn) enhances these properties.


Ali Aedan Shbeeb; Ala; a Abbas Mahdi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 8-26

This work presents an experimental and numerical study for predicting the indoor airflow and temperature distribution by adopting a displacement ventilation system within isothermal office room. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are used to simulate the indoor airflow and temperature distribution by using (FLUINT6.3.26) and (GAMBIT2.4.6) software for solving the Navier Stocks, energy and turbulence equations using finite volume techniques. Assessment was applied for different turbulent models (Standard K-Ɛ, RNG K-Ɛ, Realizable K-Ɛ, and SST K-ω) for a case study and its detailed geometry. The numerical results for the four turbulent models was compared with experimental readings. It was concluded that the (RNG K-Ɛ) turbulent model gives more accurate and acceptable results than the other three models.

Effect of alcoholic extract of Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) on in vitro maturation of rabbits oocyte

Sadeq J. Zalzala; Imad M.AL-Meeni; Ihsan H. Al-Timimi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 27-30

The present study included 30 ovaries collected from 15 slaughter rabbits in animal house of the college of veterinary medicine, Baghdad University. Immediately, ovaries were preserved in phosphate buffer saline at 37 ͦC and transport to the laboratory with 1-2 hrs, oocytes collected by slicing ovary with an iris knife and release the follicular contents in 1ml TCM199 media. Only oocytes surrounded by cumulus cells and homologs cytoplasm were culture in culture media, then oocytes were divided in 3 groups, the 1st group (control group) incubated by using culture media only, the 2nd group, alcoholic extract of Licorice added to culture media at concentration of 25µg/ml, the 3rd group culture media was supplemented with alcoholic extract of licorice at concentration of 50µg/ml. Results of the current study revealed that the effect of alcoholic extract 50 µg/mg on the percentage of oocytes maturation was superior compared with other groups. It was also observable that the effect of adding alcoholic extract of Licorice to culture media TCM199 at two concentrations increased the percentage of mature oocyte compared with control group. In conclusion, the uses of alcoholic extract of licorice increase the percentage of oocytes maturation.

Theoretical study of Some Anesthesia Derivatives by using RHF method

Manal. A. Mohammad; Shathaa A. Gawad

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 31-37

In the present work , the adoption of the program (Gaussian 09) to use the method of calculation the total (Ab initio of method) according to the Hartree – Fock method (RHF) , for the purpose of the expense of dimensional geometric ( lengths and angles bond) when the geometry of a balanced, functions thermodynamic, some physical properties, charges for Anesthesia [ Thiazol derivative] mono & bicyclic compounds.
The results study Heat formation(ΔHf0 (in kJ/mole) by using (semi-empirical method PM3 model in MOPAC) for these molecules and the results showed that the compound C7H8N2O3S(B) has less value which means high thermal stability than the other’s.
Calculation results have shown that the compound C7H6N2O2S9(D) is more activity because it has the lower value of ΔE and hardness ɳ and has high value of (Ѡ Electrophilicity) .
Also the results have shown that the compound C7H8N2O3S(B) has highest value of thermodynamic functions (E0 , H0 , G0 , A0 , CV , CP ,S0) The difference in results come according to the difference of substituted groups. The calculations were held in Karbala university.

Role of samples selection in diagnosis of Brucellosis in patients with localized joint pain in Najaf province by Q PCR

Sabah N. AL-Fatlawi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 38-44

Background: Brucella species are Gram negative, coccobacilli bacteria, facultative, intracellular organism, environmental persistence for temperature, pH, humidity, Frozen and aborted materials, they are multiple species of brucella some of them are highly weaponizable like B. sues.Brucellosis can affect any organ or system and 20-60% of cases are presented with osteoarticularcomplications(Arthritis, spondylitis,& osteomyelitis). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is commonly used to diagnose infectious diseases. The use of PCR for pathogens detection has high sensitivity, and high specificity, in diagnosis. PCR is the most useful assays for the diagnosis of human brucellosis.
Objective: The aim of this review was to clarify existence of pathogen of security concern like brucella spp. in biohazard region, in addition to select the most appropriate samples in diagnosis by QPCR and their relation to chronic ache.
Methodology: This study was conducted in the period between Jan. 2015 and June. 2015 in Al-Najaf city-Iraq/Al-Najaf medical private lab.this data were analysed by Chi square, Study group include 49 patients with chronic localized ache from those patients we toke 63 samples include blood, and/or tissue biopsy from site of pain, and/or CSF, blood samples were collected as 5 ml →2 ml in EDTA tube& 3 ml in serum tube, and CSF samples were collected in plane tube, while tissue biopsy submitted for DNA extraction as fresh samples immediately then these samples submitted for QPCR for diagnosis.
Results: the percentage of brucellosis in Najaf city’s patients with localized joint pain was about one quarter, both tissue and blood sample can be regarded as useful diagnostic tool for diagnosis of human brucellosis by RT-PCR.
Conclusion: Brucella is regarded as endemic in Iraq and both blood and tissue samples are best selective samples in diagnosis of brucella.
Recommendation: Brucella should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of localized ache.
Keywords: Human brucellosis; Brucella spp; QPCR

Optimization of a new cloud point extraction procedure for the determination of trace amounts of total Barium (II) in some environmental samples by turbidimetric

Shamaa Ibrahem sead

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 45-55

A new, simple, and rapid cloud point extraction (CPE) procedure system, combined with turbidity was created for particular partition, preconcentration, and determination of follow measures of aggregate barium in some ecological specimens. The methodology depends on the complexation of Ba(II) particles with chlorazol clear reagent within the sight of SDS as a non-ionic surfactant. The ideal conditions for the CPE of Ba(II) particles were explored as for a few trial parameters, for example, order addition , pH of the solution, SDS and chlorazol blank concentrations, incubation time and temperature, and effect of intervirrnses and time.
The detection limit for Ba(II) ions taking into account the 8 times the standard deviation of the blanks (N:8) was found to 0.004554μg mL−1, while the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 0.041514 . The proposed strategy was broke down for soil and water tests, which assembled from Environment Iraq , as guaranteed reference materials , were utilized, and spike tests were connected to accept the technique. The technique was connected to some genuine ecological examples to assess their aggregate barium levels. With respect to accomplished information, water and soil of contextual analysis is dirtied

Theoretical Study of Some Chemical Kinetics and Physical Properties for some bnzohydrazide derivatives by using Semi-Empirical calculation (PM3 Method)

Nedaa A .Jasim

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 56-63

A theoretical study in the present work involved program(Gaussian 03W) to use the method of calculating the total Semi-Empirical calculations(PM3 Method) of two benzohydrazide derivatives [N'-(4-aminobenzylidene) benzohydrazide] ,[ N'-(4-(dimethylamino benzylidene) benzohydrazide] , in order to elucidate the inhibition efficiencies and reactive sites of these compounds . They include calculations of dimensional geometry (lengths and bond angles) when the geometry of balanced. For these compounds some physical properties were calculated such as orbital energies (ELUMO, EHOMO), energy gap (ΔE), dipole moment (μ), IP (ionization energy) , hardness. Functions thermodynamic and IR intensity and absorption frequencies for tow compounds were also investigated. The purpose of this study to compare the possible sites for nucleophilic and electrophilic attacks and which compounds can be used anti-bacterial and anti-fungusthe . The results showed compound [ N'-(4-(dimethylamino benzyliden) benzohydrazide ] have lower electronegative, higher hardness(ɳ) ,lower energy gap (ΔE) , and high vibrational frequencies of IR absorption compared with the other compound, which may be used as a highest anti- inflammatory. this difference in this results come according to the effect of subsisted groups of studied compounds .

Effect of breed and coat color on some non-carcass components characteristics with prediction regression equations in goat.

Ahmed A. Amnate; Zaid M. Mahdi; Qais S. Mohammed; Aemen J. Mahdi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 64-71

This study was conducted in Ruminants Researches Station /Ministry of Agriculture. Study targeted some parameters of the live weight at slaughter and some non- carcass characteristics in 10 months aged Male goats. The characteristics were studied for 45 Cyprian , 25 Iraqi Local , 18 (Croosbred1) and 5 (Crossbred2) male goats which slaughtered and measured the weights of head, legs, pelt, heart, liver ,lungs and trachea ,spleen, kidneys and testes. The results of the non-carcass components for the different genetic groups (breeds) indicated that percentage of head , pelt, heart and (lungs &trachea %) of live weight at slaughter (LWS%) did not affected with breed , while legs%, was affected significantly (P≤0.01). The pelt and legs Empty Body Weight (EBW%) generated the same results of breed effect in LWS% . Breed effect was significant (P≤ 0.05) as effect on liver % (% of LWS) and lungs & trachea ( as % EBW) . Crossbred 2 generated the higher value significantly (P≤0.01) in the percentage of spleen from LWS. Effect of coat color was significant in some traits and non in others. Results indicated to possibility of some regression equations to used for predict the studied traits from live weight at slaughter.

Calculation of the optical density and relaxation time in BSO crystal

Haider; amil Hanoon

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 72-78

The change of optical density in a pure bismuth silicate oxide crystal that exposed to the radiations with wavelengths (510, 530, 540 and 560nm) are studied. It was shown that the change of optical density in the crystal increase with decreased incident wavelengths. The effect of the intensity of the incident radiations on the change optical density is studied. The relaxation time of this crystal has been discussed.

Study the Effect of kaolin on Secondary bonds, Porosity, Mechanical properties and Thermal Stability of Polyester Composites

Abeer Adnan Abd

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 79-90

Unsaturated polyester resin with fillers of kaolin samples were prepared by cast molding method for polyester with filler volume fractions (5%, 10%, 15% and 20%). The thermal conductivity constant, hardness, compression strength, porosity and density were studied. This experimental investigation is aimed at assessing the performance of polymeric insulators in high temperatures applications. Shore hardness tests were used to measure the hardness. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to study the bonds which enhanced the insulating properties of polyester material compounded with filler. Polymer composites Exhibits a new UV- visible absorption band at a wavelength range (200 -375) nm, which is attributed to interchain interaction .The thermal conductivity constant, hardness decrease with filler content increase. The experimental results showed that the (20% kaolin) sample has the minimum value of thermal conductivity. The porosity and density increase with filler content increase therefore the thermal isolation increase. On the other hand (5% kaolin) sample give the maximum value of compression strength. The glass transition temperature, melting point and degree of crystallization decrease by adding kaolin.

Synthesis and Characterization of Some Metal Complexes of [2-chloro-N-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylcarbamothioyl)acetamide] (L)

Basima M. Sarhan; Enass J. Waheed; Nada J. Kadhim

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 91-101

A new ligand [ 2-chloro-N- (1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro -1H-pyrazol- 4-ylcarbamothioyl)acetamide](L) was synthesized by reacting the Chloro acetyl isothiocyanate with 4-aminoantipyrine,The ligand was characterized by(C HNS) elemental microanalysis and the spectral measurements including Uv-Vis ,IR ,1H and13C NMR spectra, some transition metals complex of this ligand were prepared and characterized by Uv-Vis, FT-IR spectra, conductivity measurements, magnetic susceptibility and atomic absorption. From the obtained results the molecular formula of all prepared complexes were [M(L)2(H2O)2]Cl2 (M+2 =Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Hg),the proposed geometrical structure for all complexes were octahedral.

Modeling Cost Overrun of Public Schools Projects

Gafel Kareem Aswed

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 102-111

Poor cost performance in construction project is a common problem worldwide resulting in significant amount of cost overrun at account closure. This study aims at to develop model relationship between the amount of the cost overrun (CSTOVR) in schools construction projects and accepted bid price (LCO), estimated cost (ECO), contractor rank (GRA), experience of the supervisor engineer (ENXP), location of project (LOCA), year of contracting (YEAR), and contractual project duration (CDR) as input parameters before work starts. The study covers two story (12 classes) school projects awarded by the lowest bid system completed during (2007-2012) in Karbala province-Iraq. Probability distribution is established for each identified parameter and subsequently a simulation is developed to produces artificial data. The simulated parameters are used to develop the regression models to predict the cost overrun. It is found that the two developed regression models have the ability to predict the cost overrun (CSTOVR) for school projects, as an output, with good accuracy having correlation coefficient (R) of (85.9%) and (85.2%), determination coefficient (R2) of (73.8%) and (72.6%) respectively.

Fuzzy Generalized Alpha Generalized Closed Sets

Qays Hatem Imran

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 112-126

In this paper we introduced a new class of fuzzy closed sets called fuzzy gαg-closed sets and study their basic properties in fuzzy topological spaces. We also introduced fuzzy gαg-continuous functions with some of its properties. Moreover, the investigation will include some of the properties of the fuzzy separation axioms such fuzzy gαg-R_i-space and fuzzy gαg-T_j-space (note that, the indexes i and j are natural numbers of the spaces R and T are from 0 to 1 and from 0 to 2 respectively).
Mathematics Subject Classification (2010): 54A40.

Study the Opto-Electrical Properties of (PVA-PEG)Blend Films

Abdulazeez O.Mousa Al-Ogaili; a Y. Khudair Obeys; Esra

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 127-133

Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) – Polyethylene glycol (PEG) based solid polymer blend electrolytes have been prepared by the solution cast technique. The absorption spectra has been recorded in the wavelength range (280-800) nm. The absorption coefficient, refractive index and extinction coefficient have been determined. The results show that the optical constants increase with the increasing of weight percentages. Also, the electrical properties have been calculated such as electrical conductivity(σ)by using LCR meter which is used to measure the inductance (L), capacitance (C), and resistance (R) of a component, the results show that the electrical conductivity decrease with increasing of the percentages weight of polymers (PVA-PEG).

N-Perfect Mappings In Topological Spaces

Nadia M. Ali Al- Tabatabai

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 134-140

In this paper, we introduce new types of N-continuity mappings by using N-open sets in topological spaces, which is called N-perfect mappings; also we study some properties of these types. Some definitions are given.

Pet Health Care System

Elham Mohammed Thabit Abdalameer

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 141-153

With the massive success of electronic health care applications and with emerging technologies in the areas of telecommunications which are widely used in healthcare sector, a reliable system to serve Pet Owners and Veterinarians will be designed and implemented in this paper. Pet's medical condition should be evaluated by a veterinarian before any medical decisions will be implemented. The proposed system, Pet Health Care System (PHCS), will be helpful to the specialists in the field of Veterinary Health Care. It centralizes database which contains the pet records. The system will enable the Vet to access the database and show the pet details to diagnose their medical condition and write the required treatment. PHCS is considered an efficient system to reduce healthcare costs and provide the time. It offers veterinarians an exciting way to make the service of pets owners more better. It helps the Owners of the unhealthy Pets to have more accurate information about the date of their pets' pathological status.

Compatibility Assessment of the Quality Management System in the College of Engineering Laboratories of the University of Kerbala with ISO 17025:2005 requirements

Ghanimi; Mohammed Neamah Ahmed AI

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 154-169

This research aims at assessing the compatibility of the Quality Management System in the laboratories of the College of Engineering at the University of Karbala with the International Standards for laboratories competence of testing and calibration ISO 17025 : 2005, and highlighting the importance of the main requirements that should be fulfilled for accreditation which proves the completion of tasks proper .. The results of the field survey showed weakness points in the systems and procedures in these laboratories because of the lack of some of the international standards requirements. In light of what has been reached, based on ISO 17025,recommendations have been set for the development of Quality Management System, and administrative and technical operations in the laboratories of the College of Engineering.

Improvement of Sub-grade Soil using Natural Jute Fiber Sheet at Various Layers

Hussein Shaia; Haider H. Aodah; Basim H. AL-Hameidawi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 170-177

The improvement of sub-grade has always been significant aspect in highway and geotechnical engineering fields. To strengthen the subgrade soil, the use of natural Jute fiber is advantageous because they are cheap, locally available, and biodegradable. In this paper the soil sample was compacted at its maximum dry density corresponding to its optimum moisture content in the Laboratory California Bearing Ratio (CBR) mould with and without natural Jute fiber. Natural Jute fiber sheets equal to the plan of CBR mould diameter were placed at various layers (second, fourth and fifth of soil's layers) to investigate its behaviour on CBR value. The experimental investigations were also involved natural Jute fiber coated with bitumen material to study the effect of bitumen material on the CBR value. The CBR values of soil and soil reinforced with Jute fiber were investigated in the geotechnical engineering laboratory. The results of experimental investigation showed that the inclusion of Jute fiber sheet into the soil increases the CBR value of soil. It is also observed that the placing of Jute fiber at the second layer is more effective than placing it anywhere else in the soil sample; where the CBR value increased by 80% compared with unreinforced soil. The coating of Jute fiber has not shown significant improvement in CBR value; however, it can improve the Jute fiber longevity.
Key Words: Jute Fiber, Sub-grade Soil, CBR Test, Bitumen.

Design Portable Device for Irrigation System using ZigBee

Zina Abdul Lateef; Mohammed Abais You; Mohammed Ali Obaid

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 178-186

The smart irrigation systems considered as one of the most new significant technologies in this century to control the watering system and help the plants to grow. This research is focused on the design of an irrigation system based on one of the wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies which is ZigBee technology. The proposed design has an autonomous soil moisture monitoring system with wireless sensor network and ZigBee interfacing for transmitting data from slave to master side. In addition to that, the purpose of monitoring system suggested in this work is to measure and display the ratio of water soil in real-time.
Soil moisture sensors have been used in this proposed design for measuring changes in soil volumetric water and changes ration of water found in the soil was evaluated under outdoor environment conditions for two averages of watered soil (40% and 70%). The real-time data of watered soil has been collected for two different value of watering (40 and 70%) and data collected vary based on location of the sensor in soil and how much soil dried in that point. It is found that the water ratio (70%) is better than (40%) from the experimental results.

On IFIS⃰ g−Continuous Functions in Intuitionistic Fuzzy Ideal Topological Spaces

Mohammed J .Mohammed; Alaa Saleh Abed

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 187-197

By using introduce the notion of functions in intuitionistic fuzzy ideal Topological spaces . we obtain several properties of g – continuity and the relationship between this function and other related functions.
set,key words and phrases : Intuitionistic fuzzy local – function , g-continuous,

Influence of Zirconium Additions and Ageing Time on Some Mechanical Properties of (6063) Aluminum Alloy

Abdalla H. Mihdy Jassim

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 198-205

The influence of Zr additions and artificial ageing time on some mechanical properties of 6063 alloy has been studied. This study aims to prepare the 6063 alloy containing different amounts of Zr and study the effect of Zr and ageing time on some mechanical properties of 6063 alloy such as Vickers hardness, tensile strength, and impact toughness. The results showed that the addition of 0.2 wt.% Zr to the 6063 alloy improves Vickers hardness and tensile strength by 12.96% and 7.86% respectively at ageing time 6h and improves impact toughness by 8.13% at ageing time 2h. Vickers hardness and tensile strength increase with increasing of ageing time for a certain limit of ageing time. Impact toughness decreases with increasing of ageing time and increases with further ageing time. The specimens with the highest Vickers hardness have the lowest impact toughness. The addition higher than 0.2wt.% Zr gives slight increase in studied properties of 6063 alloy .


Hasasn Ali Jurmut

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 206-217

The work presents a numerical investigation of heat transfer characteristics of conical diffuser with specific dimensions, using internal spiral square rib, with air as the working fluid. The Reynolds number range based on the bulk flow rate and hydraulic diameter is 1.759 × 105 to 4.36 × 105. The conical diffuser was subjected to uniform rates of heat flux and different inlet air velocity(0.02, 0.04 and 0.06) m/s, respectively. Results show that the spiral square rib enhanced heat transfer for (ΔT=40, 38 and 35 K) corresponding to the different inlet air velocity .The data obtained were compared with plain (without rib). The cone with internal spiral square rib was found to possess the highest performance factors for turbulent flow. The heat transfer coefficient enhancement for internal spiral square rib is higher than that for plain cone for a given Reynolds number. The use of internal spiral square rib improved the performance of cone. All studies where carried out using FlUENT14.5 package, by using K-ɛ model.

Blood groups and its association with chronic diseases in local population of Karbala city

Thikra Abd Aun Hasan; Ibtisam Abbas Nasir

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 218-224

This study was carried out at AL-Hussain medical city and the public hospital of Al-Hindi for the period between (October 2012 to February 2013). Blood groups have been tested for 162 individuals (male and female) with no illness record and for 162 individuals (male and female) suffering from different chronic illness included: Hypertension, asthma, allergy, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, as well as high plasma cholesterol level.
The results achieved in this study showed that there was no significant correlation between ABO blood group and studied chronic diseases. This study showed that individuals with O+ group was the most common group with a percentage of (33.33%) followed by A+ (27.47%) and B+group (20.99%)respectively for healthy and non-healthy individuals. The mainchronic disease with greatest rate associated with type A+ was diabetes, hypertension in compare with other diseases includingasthma, heart disease and arthritis respectively. It is found that diabetes had the highest prevalence among individuals with A- group followed byasthma and allergy; while individuals with B+ were suffering from diabetes, hypertension and with a lower percentage suffering from heart disease, arthritis, asthma and allergy respectively. Individuals with B- group had the lowest percentage and were suffering from hypertension, diabetes (equal percentage) asthma and allergy. The dominance of chronic disease among individuals with AB group were found to be in the following order:diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, asthma, allergy and high cholesterol level. Prevalence of chronic disease between individuals with O+was found to be as follows:diabetes ,hypertension,heart disease ,asthma and allergy , arthritis, high blood cholesterol respectively. The frequency of chronic disease among individuals with O-was as follows:diabetes ,hypertension, heart disease , arthritis, asthma and allergy respectively.

High Precision Study of K-Shell Some Atomic Systems

Hamid AL-Jibbouri; MushtaqTalib Al-Helaly

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 225-231

The present paper discuss two variational wavefunctions of K-shell atomic systems Z=9-18. The first wavefunction deals with the Zeta-Roothaan-Hartree-Fock while the second one considered a simply correlated wavefunction. Several local properties have studied, for instance, radial correlation density function between the two wavefunctions, electron density at the nucleus, diamagnetic susceptibility, and nuclear magnetic shielding constants. We show how the physical properties for K-shell atoms affected by increasing the atomic number Z. All results are obtained via Mathematica program version 10.1.01.

Natural Radioactivity Measurement in Soil Samples of District Al-Hindiya of Karbala Governorate-Iraq

Mohsin Kadhim Muttaleb

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 232-239

The research was conducted for the investigation of amount of radioactivity in the different Al-Hindiya region in the Governorate of Karbala, is located just 108 km to the southwest of the Iraqi capital Baghdad. The technique of gamma ray spectrometry was applied using NaI(Tl) gamma ray detector and a PC based Maestro Activity concentration levels due to 40K, 238U and 232Th were measured in . Activity concentrations ranges of the concerned radionuclides for the soils were as follows: 40K was (271.2 - 170) with the average (245.1), 238U, (30.96 - 5.86) Bq/Kg with the average (19.45)Bq/Kg, and 232Th, (67.09-2.9) with average(24.47) Bq/Kg respectively. The results have been compared with those of different countries of the world and Iraq. To assess the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity, the absorbed dose rate, the radium equivalent activity (Raeq), the effective dose rate (Eeff), the annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk (ELCR), the radioactivity level index (Iγ), and the external (Hex) and internal (Hin) hazard indices were calculated. It can be concluded that no risk may threat the residents around and center of Holy shrines . Hence the probability of occurrence of any of the health effects of radiation is low.

Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) on Wound Healing in Local Iraqi Arabian Horses

Abbas Ali Hussein AL-LBAN

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 240-253

To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP)on cutaneous regeneration and wound healing in both fixed and movable regions in horses, the present study was undertaken, under local anesthesia a full thickness square incision were done in the back of animals (fixed incision)and the longitudinal full thickness were done in the neck region (movable incisions). The fixed incisions injected 1 cm far from the incision’s edges with 0.1 ml of autologes PRP while the control group injected with normal saline only and by same manner the movable incision is treated besides that suturing is applied too. Our results showed that PRP lowered excessive development of granulation tissue and showed wound healing at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after wounding based on the histopathological results, there were re- epithelialization of epidermis, complete healing which characterized by regular arrangement of profuse fibrosis and scattered inflammatory cells, formation of new blood vessels and profuse collagen and fibrosis when compared with control group. We conclude from the current study that the single application of PRP for the treatment of the movable and fixed cutaneous wounds has increased the healing rates and adequate formation of granulation tissue as well as enhance angiogenesis in the beginning stage of the repair process.

Merging implicit and explicit ratings model in recommendation systems

Huda Naji Nawaf; Intedhar Shakir Nasir

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 254-260

This study intends to improve the recommendation system by unifying both the implicit and explicit behavior of users. The implicit behavior indicates what users view over time regardless of the rating of what he views (implicit rating), whereas, the explicit behavior in this effort refers to what users rate for an item. The hamming distance is used to create a distance matrix that is converted to similarity matrix for users who are akin in terms of implicit rating. As for explicit ratings, the cosine similarity is used to create similarity matrix for users who are similar in terms of the scale used to rate an item. The proposed method is evaluated using three data sets; Movielens, Hetrec 2011, and Yahoo! Movies. The evaluation of the proposed method constrains with the measures of the related works. Thus, recall, precision, mean absolute error (MAE), and F-measures have been used. The experimental results show that the proposed system has a good performance, particularly Movielens dataset, when compared with the existing works. Our proposed method is free of any complex computations; at the same time it is competitive as comparable and better results are obtained considering other works.
Categories and Subject Descriptors: [Computer-Social Networks]

Effect the Glazing Methods and Heat Treatment of the Microbiological Content for dates-plam Cultivars .

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

This study was conducted to apply glazing on dates fruit. It was conducted through heat treatment and dipping in glazing solution . The dates were stored for 6 month in refrigeration. Three cultivars of dates (Azraq azraq, Ibraheemi and Zahdi ) were obtained From the Iraq Company for dates marketing this company was granted ISO Certificate ,and this work was conducted in their establishment. Dates were fumigated with 1% methyl bromide as insecticide, then sorted, cleaned, washed, and drained . The dates exposed to heat (120,125,130C°) for 10 min . then dipped either in : 5% glycerol or 20% Dibis, or 5% glycerol +20% Dibis, or 5% glycerol +20% Glucose syrup . The dates were packed in polyethylene packages of 200g each and stored at 5 C°. Microbiological determination were also conducted on control and the treated samples . As for microbiological investigation the heat treatment and glazing had a pronounced effect on number of bacteria , yeast& mold in comparison with the control. The number of bacteria after treatment ranged 30.33-35.33×101 CFU/g fruit. As for yeast & mold the number ranged between 9.0-15.33×102 CFU/g with the lowest for 120 and 130 C° with glazing with glycerol + Glucose syrup for Azraq

Taxonomical study of species Peganum harmala L. growing in Iraq( Zygophyllaceae)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 8-17

The species Peganum harmala L. is unique species belong to the genus Peganum in Iraq. Present investigation this genus were widely distributed as medicinal plant because of their have medical importance and poisonous plant. This study dealt with taxonomic characters of species Peganum harmala included characters of morphology, anatomy, palynology, ecology and geographical distribution have been investigated in this study for the genus Peganum L. in Iraq. Morphological characters of roots, stems, leaves, Inflorescences, flowers, fruits and seed in addition to indumentums were studied.Anatomical study of characters of epiderm and diffuse stomata. Pollen grain study were glabrous and tricolporate . The geographical distiribution of the species plant was studied of diffuse in Iraq. This studies were shown characters of theis plants were beneficial to distinct and determining to species level.

Synthesis and preparation of open cyclic tetra dentate ligand type NNSS and their metal complexes with di valence cobalte nickel and cupper

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 18-30

The open cyclic ligand type NNSS have been prepared through one step. Included the reaction between two equivalent of 3- mercapto propanoic acid and one equnivalent of proplyene di amine . the Co+2, Ni+2 , Cu+2 from there action of the ligand Complexes were prepared with metal ions (1:1) ratio , the prepared compounds were characterized by FT-IR , UV-Vis , HNMR for the ligand and and nichel complexe , 13C- NMR for the ligand , C.H.N spectoscopies, as well as the molar conductivity and magnetic successptibility , Mole ratio was corried out of prepared complexes . These measurements shows cobalt and cupper complexes have distorted octahedral shape , while nichel complex has tetrahedral shape .

The effect of using different level of ginger powder continuously and intermittently during the week on productive performance in Mezo layer

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 31-37

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of using different level of ginger continuously and intermittently during the week on productive performance ,feed utilization and feed conversion efficiency of layers. A total number of 120 layers (Iraqi Mezo) was randomly distributed in to 5 treatments, each treatment involved 24 layers, by two replicates/ treatment(12 layers/ replicate). A standard diet was fed to the layers, ginger powder was added by 4 and 6gm/kg feed for a period of 4 weeks continuously for T2 and T4 respectively and whole of the week for T3 andT5 respectively.
Egg production was recorded according to H.D., feed consumption and feed conversion rate were recorded according to the total egg production , more over the accumulative egg production and egg mass were calculated as well.
Results revealed significant differences of mean weekly production and feed efficiency for treatment of ginger addition and there were significant differences of feed consumption for T4. The results indicated also significant differences of egg mass for the addition treatments as compared with control and the egg weights were not significant . The best results of all of the studied traits in T4(6gm/kg ratio, 4day for week) .


journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 38-44

The research was conducted in a private greenhouse located Al-Suwayra during agricultural season 2014/2015 to evaluate the effect of Magnetic water and spraying the salicylic acid and their interaction on the vegetative and flowering growth of Calendula officinalis L. plants. A factorial experiment within CRD was conducted with three replicates. The first factor was magnetized water at three levels (500 , 1000 and 1500 GS) . The second factor was five concentrations of salicylic acid (0.00 , 50 , 100 , 300 and 500 mg/l). Results showed that irrigation plants with magnetic water by 1500 GS and spraying plants with salicylic acid 300 and 500 mg/l concentration gave a significantly increasing in all studied parameters and abates number of flowering days compared with normal water without spraying the acid which gave less the averages for all studied parameters expect number of flowering days

Methods for evaluating some antibiotics activity against some virulence factors of bacterial septicemia in Karbala province

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 45-55

This study aimed to isolate the most common cause of bacterial sepsis at Al-Hussein Hospital in the holy Karbala province from November 2014 to May 2015 and also studied the effect of some antibiotics on the virulence factors of the bacterial isolates. Out of the 60 samples of blood culture, 20 samples (33.33%) was positive and 40 samples (66.67%) gave negative growth . Gram positive to gram negative bacteria ratio was (70%) to (30%), respectively . It was found the most of isolates was Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) (35%) , Coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS) (35%) , Acinetobacter buamanii (A.buamanii) (20%) and the Escherichia coli (E.coli) (10%).
The antibiogram has been showed that (85.71%) of the Staphylococcus aureus was resistant to Ampicillin and Ceftriaxone as well as (CoNS) also had resistance to both antibiotics as (71.42%).The strains of S.aureus was resistant to Erythromycin and Gentamicin as (71.42%) and (42.8%), respectively . On the other hand these strains was quite sensitive to antibiotics Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Carbapenem, Vancomycin and Oxacillin.In gram negative bacteria , the results showed that E.coli was 100% resistant to Ampicillin and Ceftriaxone but sensitive to Amikacin , Ciprofloxacin , Carbapenem and Oxacillin. Acinetobacter buamanii was multidrugs resistance. The production of virulence factors of S.aureus has been monitored such as hemolysin, protease and coagulase. The hemolytic activity of hemolysin was (640) unit / ml and the enzymatic activity of protease was (44) units / ml and the diameter of zone formed by coagulase was 3.8 millimeters. The concentration of ½ MIC and ¼ MIC of Amikacin , Ciprofloxacin and Oxacillin was used to demonstrate the effect on certain virulence factors. It was found that hemolysin production decreased at a Sub-MIC concentrations of Amikacin and Ciprofoxacin while increased to double when they using with Oxacillin antibiotic. Protease production was dropped at the presence of Sub-MIC of all antibiotics as well as in the case of coagulase production .

Amethod ROSS to Evaluate Double Integrals with Singular Partial Derivatives Integrands when the number of subintervals on the two dimensions are not equal

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 56-65

The main aim of this research is to derive rule to find values of integrals in the form , numerically its integrands have singular partial derivatires excutly at the point or point by using the Simpson’s rule with the two direction x and y . and the derive the correction error terms and we used Romberg acceleration to improve the results when the number of subintervals on the direction of dimension is not equal to subintervals on the direction of dimension y .

Effect of Inovo injection of different concentrations of L-Carnitine on some hatching , hematological traits and maternal immunity of posthatched chicks

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 66-72

The research was conducted to investigate the effect of inovo injection with different concentrations of carnitine on some hatching , hematological traits and maternal immunity posthatching.
Atotal of 500 fertile eggs were used in the experiment , those egg were randomly distributed into 5 treatments ,
T1:negative control , T2: injected with 0.5 ml/egg with normal saline (posative control) ,T3:injected with carnitine 1%, T4:injected with carnitine 2% and T5:injected with carnitine 3% .
Results revealed a significant effect (p< 0.05) of L-carnitine injection on hatchability ,reduction of embryonic mortalities ,significant improvement of heterophil/lymphocyte ratio , significant reduction of plasma glucose of post hatched chicks and highly significant elevation of antibody titer against infections bursal disease of chickens.

Effect of using fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum L.) in the ration of Broilers on some productive performance .

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 73-76

This study was carried out to determine the effect of using fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum L.) in the ration of Hubbard classic broilers , 28 days of age in the last 3 weeks in growth period by adding 1.5 gm Fenugreek seeds / 1 kg ration on their productive performance .
The results showed no significant differences between control treatment (T1) and the other (T2) in initial body weight , daily feed consumption , feed consumption ratio , dressing percentage and deboning percentage , the results showed also a significant difference in total body weight between T2 and T1 , No mortality happened during treatment period .

The effect of black seed Nigella sativa L.on some physiological blood parameters for domestic dove Columba livia domestica

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 77-80

The current study was collcted to determine the effect of adding different levels of black seed Nigella sativa L. powder to ordinary feed of doves in some of hematological parameters of domestic doves , and use in the experiment (40) Males and females of domestic doves , divided into four groups and by (10) doves for each group , doves were fed to ordinary birds feed and over (7) weeks , where the first group left as control , while added (2) , (4 ) and (8 ) grams of black seed powder per kilogram of normal feed for the second, third and fourth group respectively .The results showed that the addition of ( 2) and ( 4) grams of black seed powder to the ordinary feed had an impact and is not significant (P ≥ 0.05) in the increased rates of the total number of red blood cells (RBCs) and the total number of white blood cells (TLCs) and packed cell volume (PCV) and hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and the percentage of Lymphocytes, while the increase was significant (P ≤ 0.05) in these parameters, when add (8) grams of black seed powder to normal feed, Compared to the control group . We conclude from this study that the black seed powder effective in improving of some hematological parameters in the domestic doves.


journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 81-88

A field experiment was carried out at a private field in Babylon governorate / Al-Mashrooa-Al-Mussseib during Autumn season of 2015. The aim was to study the effect of sulfur and vitamin C on some vegetative growth characters of corn crop. Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) was used by arrangement of factorial experiments using three replications, the study included two factors, the first was the addition of sulfur at 4 levels (0,2,4,6) Mega gram.ha-1 as a single dose a month prior to planting, symbols used are (S0,S2,S4,S6) respectively. The second was spraying of 4 concentrations of vitamin C (0,1,2,3) gram.L-1 after month of planting as symbols used are (V0,V1,V2,V3). Results showed a significant difference in leaf area, stem diameter, and delay in emergence of ear and silking when sulfur used at level 4 Mega gram.h-1 however level 6 Mega gram.h-1 dominated in plant height. while addition of vitamin C spraying at concentration of 2gm.L-1 resulted in a significant difference in all studied characters.

Morphological and Histological Study of the Kidney in Cyrtopodion scabrum

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 89-96

The present study aims to determine the morphological description and histological structure of the kidney in Cyrtopodion scabrum .The present study showed that the gecko has a pair of kidney equal in size and located at the rear position in the abdominal cavity with light brown color , The histological study showed that the kidney in gecko consist of two regions , cortex and medulla and there is no distinguished limit between them .Also the kidney has few nephrons which they loss loop of henle , each nephron consist of glomerulae surrounded by double layers of Bowman's capsule , the other part were tubules which they were the proximal,distal and collecting tubules .The epithelial lining of these parts (tubules ) are simple cuboidal , cuboidal and columnar cells respectively.

Determination the inhibitory efficiency of hybrid nano chlorhexidine against some gram negative bacteria in vitro

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 97-105

The inhibitory activity of each of the nano disinfectant Chlorhexidine] Magnisum- Alaminum-Chlorhexidine-Layered Double Hydroxide (Mg-Al-CHX-LDH)[ in addition to free Chlorhexidine (CHX) were assessed by diffusion agar method against Pseudomonas spp. , Klebsiella pneumonia and Acinetobacter baumannii. Results showed that highest inhibitory activity was obtained against isolates K. pneumonia 16-B and 27 with average inhibition zone of 15.25 and 15.16 mm , respectively, while isolates P. aeruginosa 4-C and 15-A were the lowest affected with average inhibition zone of 6.87 and 6.75 mm, respectively. The antimicrobial susceptibilities test was carried out for 15 antibiotics and the susceptibility of the bacteria to different antibiotics varied depending on the isolate, Ciprofloxacin and Netilmicin were the most effective antimicrobial agents against K. pneumonia and A. baumannii , respectively . Generally, high resistance among the tested isolates was detected.

Study of fertility and developmental stages of the freshwater snail Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Mollusca:Gastropoda) in Al-Hussainia channel / The Holy Karbala

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 106-113

the study of the qualities and characteristics of the eggs produced by the snail fresh water Physa acuta in AL-Husseiniya River table in the holy city of Karbala , the study results showed that the length of capsules were ranged between 5- 24.5 mm while the width were (3.5-5.7) mm, and a thickness ( 0.7-1.3) mm, the diameters ranged between 7-62 μm and 44-76 μm small diameter and large diameter of the egg respectively. It is obviously seen that this snail produces 9-96 egg/egg capsule, and there are 6 developmental stages for the embryos hatched to mall snail resemble their parents, and the incubation period was 7 days

Statistical Study of pityriasis versicolor In Diyala City.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 114-118

This study including examin 248 patients infected with cutaneous mycoses whom attending to dermatology department of general Baquba hospital in Diyala city during the period from December 2003 to August 2004 . Clinically and Laboratory by direct microscopical examination with 10% KOH solution revealed the presence of Malassezia furfur in 64 patients(25.8%) having pityriasis versicolor infection . Clinicaly the white patch lesion was higher than dark brown lesion (672% vs . 32.8%). The site of infection was frequenty on the neck (40.6%) A significantly higher infection rate was found among males about 47 case (73.5%) compared to females about 17 case (26.5%) .Additionally , the infection rate was significantly higher (45.3%) among the age group 22 – 31 years compared to other age groups. However , there was no significant difference between urban s (48.4%) compared to rurals (51.6%).

The effect of Diammonium phosphate (DAP) and spraying solution Grow green in growth of Vitis vinifera L. sapling Cv. Frency

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 119-126

The experiment was carried out in the lath house of AL-Musaib tech. College during 2014 on grape sapling Cv. Frency , Which included two Factor : First was study the effect of four levels of DAP fertilizer (0, 3 , 6 , 9) gr.plant-1 and the second factor was study the influence spraying with fertilizer (Grow green) four levels (0 , 2.5 , 5 , 7.5) mg.L-1 and their interaction on vegetative and root traits and contend of Nitrogen , Phosphor and chlorophyll , the experiment in complete design of randomize (CRD) was done with three replicates and five Sapling for each treatment we have got the following results :
1- DAP at 9 gr.sapling-1 gave the highest means of all characters studied and the content of chlorophyll and (N , P) the leaf.
2- Spraying solution (Grow green) at 7.5 mg.L-1 caused highest mean of traits studied.
3- Interaction between the treatment 9 gr DAP. Sapling-1 with 7.5 mg.L-1 Grow green gave the highest values of studied characters

A study for some Serratia sp. from peritoneal fluid with dialysis in children’s hospital In Karbalagovernment

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 127-132

The study was aimed to isolate and diagnose of Serratia sp. from patients with Peritoneal dialysis who habitant in children's hospital in Karbala government , a total offorty samples have being collected from peritoneal fluid , Serratia sp. were isolated by using a number of culture media in addition to biochemical test, the results revealed that percentage of Serratia sp. Isolation was 85% as (50±0.5) , (25±0.5) and (10±0.5)% were for Serratiamarcescens ,Serratialiquefaciensand Serratiaficariarespectively . Disc Diffusion method was used for the susceptibility testing of all species of Serratia against seven antibiotics , the results revealed that 60% of samples was sensitivity against imipenem , while 10% were susceptible to Azithromycin and Gentamicin for each one ,Whilesusceptibility against other antibiotics Amikacin, Amoxicillin, Erythromycin andNalidixic acid was arrived mainly in the range of 5% respectively . and has been studying the percentage of isolate depending on the age groups , since it was observed that the largest percentage of isolation, amounting to (54.90±0.57)% within the lower age group than five years , so the objective of this study for diagnosis of Serratia sp. and determine the appropriate antibiotic

The Impact of manufactured wood-based panels types on reducing noise in the carpentry factories

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 133-138

This study was conducted to demonstrate the industrial noise levels in the carpentry factories in the city of Kirkuk generated by various woodworking machines targeting to assess the magnitude of daily noise exposure by workers and how to reduce their harmed effects . Several types of manufactured wood panels ( Particleboard , Plywood , Glued Laminated Timbers , Medium density fiberboard MDF , Panels of Eucalyptus camaldulensis ) have been used for isolating noise sources as containers box and soundproof wall inside the factories buildings in order to reduce the noise levels.
The results of current study showed that the noise caused by Carpentry Group’s machine ( saws cutting wood disc , lathe and attached soften machine ) reach 96 dB at its peak showing superiority on the other machines available in the carpentry factories. The use of MDF panels as containers box around the noise source led to reduce noise to 89 dB comparing to the other wooden panels besides they reduced the noise to 90.3 dB when they used as soundproof wall. Moreover , the Specific Gratify ( SG ) of the panels was also used as an indicator of panels' effectiveness to reduce the noise .


journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 139-146

A field experiment was conducted during the season of (2014- 2015) at Abi Garaq (10 km west of Hilla city) to study the effect of mixture forage of Egyption clover and barley on yield and chemical component . Randomized Complete Block Design(R.C.B.D)with factorial experimental and three replications was used . The experiment contained of 6 treatments of mixture forage for Egyption clover (80%,70%,60%,50%) mixture with barley ( 20%,30%,40%,50%) as well as 100% Egyption clover treatment and 100% barley. The results revealed that the treatment of 100% Egyption clover gave the best total forage yield of (66.48ton . ha-1, while 100% barley treatment gave the best higher percentage and yield of dry matter .The mixture of 80% Egyption clover with 20% barley gave the best forage yield and percentage protean, while 60% Egyption clover with 40% barley gave higher percentage and yield dry matter .

Determination the optimal conditions for extraction flavonoids and total phenols from green tea leaves and evaluate their antioxidant activity

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 147-160

This study included the extraction of flavonoids , total phenols and antioxidant from green tea leaves and extract . The result revealed the This study included determining the optimal conditions for extracting flavonoids and total phenols and antioxidants from green tea leaves and the results showed that the ethyl alcohol concentration (80, 80, 30)% and methanolic alcohol concentration (70,70, 10)% is the favorable for extraction flavonoids and total phenols and antioxidants respectively, while acetone concentrations (70,50%) gave the optimal results to extract flavonoids and total phenols respectively, while all concentrations was equal to extract antioxidants.
It turns out that the optimal extraction time to extract flavonoids was at a maximum after 36 hours, while 24 hours is best for the extracting total phenols and antioxidants

Relationship of transferrin gene genotype with the reproductive performance in Holstein cows

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 161-169

This study was conducted in Dairy Cattle Farm, the Physiology laboratory, college, Abu-Ghraib and in a laboratory dealing with the analysis of molecular genetic from the period of 1/11/2013 to 1/11/2014. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship of genotypes for transferrin gene (Tf) with the reproductive traits of 40 Holstein cows and their birth calves mortality until the weaning age.The effect of genotype of Tf gene was highly significant (P<0.01) with the services per conception and days open, being cows with TT genotype gave the better reproductive performance.The variation in non return rate and calving interval was significant (P<0.05) towords the genotype of TT .The results shows that the percentage of birth calves mortality in cows of TT genotype lacked significance,while it the highest (P<0.05) in the cows with CC genotype (10.00 ± 0.05%), The percentage of birth calves mortality until weaning was not affected with the genotype differences.In conclusion polymorphism of Tf gene can adopted for the improvement is the reproductive performance of Holestein cows.Moreover,the selection of TT cows can be done to maximize the economic gain of their breeding projects.

Study effectiveness of using many types of wire mesh on the mechanical properties of ferrocement containing mineral admixtures

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 170-182

The main goal of this research is to investigate the type and form of wire mesh most effective in the load resistance less deflection possible by testing load deflection of the samples in the laboratory. The results showed that the ordinary mesh with square wholes most effectiveness in strengthen their loads. Which have higher strength percent with less deflection. The second goal from the research is studying the effect of palygoriskite adding by the optimum content with high range water reducing admixture on some mechanical properties of the ferrocement paste through curing period arrive to 28 days for some properties like ( compressive strength , splitting tensile strength , flexural strength ) , and mix proportions 1:2.5 with w/c equal to 0.45.
The results showed that concrete containing high reactive palygoriskite 15% from cement weight with high rang water reducing admixture had improvement in ( compressive strength , splitting tensile strength and flexural strength ). Where the percentage of incresement was (31.5% , 55.1% , 108.4%) at 28 days in compressive strength , splitting tensile strength and flexural strength respectively with reference mix .

The effect of location, season and display time in chemical composition and some physical, chemical characters in the meat of different animals

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 183-194

This study was aimed to Know the effect of location, season and display time in chemical composition and some physical, chemical characters in the meat of different animals .The study was included three types of meat males (beef, sheep, goats) . The range in age from 1-2 years was obtained from two areas in Baghdad province, Dora district in the Karkh side and Sadr City district in the in Rusafa, for the period from March 2012 to February 2013 and for all seasons of the year (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter),meat samples were taken after animal slaughter from leg-cuts from the studied animals (beef , sheep and goats) at eight o'clock in the morning and four o'clock in the evening in the regions of the study.Then after, several measurements were taken including : some physical, chemical characters . The results of the study for the interaction between the type of animal and season and the location and time could be summarized as follows:
The highest percentage (62.42%) of the moisture which was affected significantly was recorded in the goat meat in the Winter morning in Sadr City, while the lowest percentage (50.09%) of the moisture in the sheep meat in the Summer evening in Sadr City . Also it was noticed that the highest percentage (24.15%)of protein which was affected significantly in goat meat in the Summer evening in Sadr City, and the lowest percentage (18.13%) of protein in sheep meat in the Winter morning of Sadr City. The highest percentage (24.92%) of the fat which was affected significantly appeared in sheep meat in the Summer evening in Sadr City,and the lowest percentage (18.04%) of the fat in goats meat in the Winter morning in Dora City . As with regard to ash percentage, the highest percentage (2.42% ) was effected significantly in sheep meat in the Summer season in the evening in the Dora city and the lowest percentage (1.09%) in goat meat in the Winter season in the morning and in the Sadr City area.The highest percentage (48.48%) of water holding capacity(WHC) was effected significantly was recorded in goat meat in the morning in the Winter season in Dora City area, the lowest percentage (45.64%) for (WHC) in sheep meat in the Summer evening in Sadr City .The highest percentage (3.70%) of thaw loss was effected significantly was recorded in beef meat in the Summer season in the evening in Sadr City and the lowest percentage (1.49 %) sheep meat in the Winter season in the morning in Sadr City.It was found that the ranged pH values in the studied meat between 5.25 of goat meat in the Summer season in the morning in Sadr City and 6.21 for sheep meat in the Summer season evening in the Dora district was effected significantly.The ranged myoglobin concentration values in the studied meat between 4.53 mg / g meat in goat meat in the Summer season evening in the Dora city and 5.76 mg / g in the beef meat in the Winter season in the morning season was effected significantly.

Role of magnetization spray solution of magnesium and effect it in some enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants for three ofcultivars ofwheat(TriticumaestivumL.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 195-206

A biological experiment with the design of (RCBD) have been processed in accordance with the order of the separate panels (split plot design) in the Field of the Crops Department field – College of the Agricultural Science - University of Karbala during the winter season 2015-2014 in order to study the plant wheat in response to the magnesium spray and magnetization fluid spray and their effect in some growth factors and some antioxidant enzymatic and non-enzymatic within a three varieties of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). In soil tixure, sand-ioamy, and this experiment contains a three factors, the first one is the spray of the magnetization magnesium using magnetization device with an intensity of 2000 gauss includes a magnetized and non- magnetized fluid of magnesium, while the second factor is the concentrations of magnesium, namely: Mg (0, 1000, and 2000 mg. L-1) spraying on the leaves and the third factor is the varieties of wheat which are (Abu Ghraib, Cham 6 and Tahadi) with a three quantities for each one creating a number of experimental units as follows: 2×3×3×3=54 Experimental units . to measures the enzymes features during flowering stage. and masuared Mean wear compared using LSD at 0.05 probability level .
The results has shown that the magnetization magnesium spray having asignificant effect on the efficiency of each of the following en enzymes (CAT, SOD and POD) with an increased rates (15.6 – 40 – 38) % respectively, for non-magnetic treatment. also the content of proline increased in non magnetic treatment with decrease rate( 3.5 %). adding different concentrations of magnesium effects the features under study, which is the concentrations (1000 mg. L-1)is a higher effective enzyme for each of (CAT, SOD and POD) with an increase of rates (12.3 – 21.9 – 39.5) % respectively. also the content of proline .increasedThe varieties of wheat under study effects the qualities under study, the Cham was the better one and gave the highest values in the effectiveness of the enzyme (POD) with rates increase of (18.8%), while the Abu Ghraib type exceeded in f the enzyme (CAT and SOD) with rates increase of (18.7% – 21.6 % )respectively, whereas the Tahadi type was may be exceeded in the proline content with an increase rate 6%

Combining ability and genetic Parameters assessment for some rice cultivars ( Oryza sativa L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 207-212

Afield experiment was conducted at AL- Mashroa area / Babylon Province during 2013and 2014 seasons to find out the performance of five cultivars of rice (Amber33,Yasmin,Mishkhab,Furat and Abassiah) and estimate their GCA and SCA for the output hybrids using RCBD with three replicate . Results can be summarized as follow .
1-A high significant differences were observed for square means of GCA and SCA for all the characters under study , The parent (Anber33) had a higher GCA for number of panicles . plant-1 and 1000 grain weight ,while parent (Furat) gave higher means of number of grain .panicle-1 , hybridization between (Amber33×Yasamen) gave higher mean of 1000 grain weight and grain yield (0.78,12.14), respectively.
2- Board heritability percent was higher for all the traits while narrow heritability percent was medium to low in the qualities studied .The ratio between them was less than one . The dominance mean on the other hand was more than one . It could be concluded that some cultivars particularly (Amber33) and the hybrids of (Amber × Yasamen) can be used to induce a individual hybrids of high yield ,because their traits were pioneer to be used and continuous their breeding programs.

A study of some optical properties of polymer Carboxy methyl Cellulose (CMC) By exposure to radiation and then Gamma

journal of kerbala university, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 213-219

This work was carried out to study some the optical properties of polymer Carboxy methyl Cellulose (CMC) in the range of wave lengths (300 – 1100 nm) before and after exposure to gamma rays and two time periods 5 min and 15 min by using radiation source (CS137) at room temperature .
We found where the absorbance and transmittance of the polymer and the calculation of Absorption and the Extinction coefficients and the optical energy gap of allowed and forbidden indirect electronic transition .
The results showed a clear impact of the Gamma ray on the optical properties of the polymer (CMC)Where it was noted that the absorption coefficients lethargy values increased with increasing duration of irradiation While less optical energy gap values of allowed and forbidden indirect electronic transition with increasing the gamma ray doses