ISSN: 1813-0410

Volume 8, Issue 1

Volume 8, Issue 1, Spring 2012, Page 1-356


The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 9-24

The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical
The passport grammar enriches Arab and development , and makes the grammar rule flexible pliant able to accommodate the various possibilities, and then was broad at the base feature of the Arab and reprehension the owner of the language as they went to him in many different ways , they depend on the assets of correct fluent of speech the Arabs Find built in the passport as Arab due to various reasons , some of which dates back to poetry , to express the local , frequent use , and extrapolation , and the competition among scientists , debates grammar .
Should distinguish between what may be in need of poetry , and what may be in the capacity of speech and choice , hair bound to make necessary capillary general law , based on some mechanism is not permissible .
because the hair is governed by weight and rhyme , has forced the poet in order to maintain them to ride the boat coarse .
That the meaning of significant impact in the grammar passport the passport is not a form , of chaos , but is a doomed sense controls the research included two se a section introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references .
Abstract
The reasons in the gift Arabic Grammatical
The passport grammar enriches Arab and development , and makes the grammar rule flexible
pliant able to accommodate the various possibilities, and then was broad at the base feature of the Arab and reprehension the owner of the language as they went to him in many different ways , they depend on the assets of correct fluent of speech the Arabs
Find built in the passport as Arab due to various reasons , some of which dates back to poetry , to express the local , frequent use , and extrapolation , and the competition among scientists , debates grammar .
Should distinguish between what may be in need of poetry , and what may be in the capacity of speech and choice , hair bound to make necessary capillary general law , based on some mechanism is not permissible .
because the hair is governed by weight and rhyme , has forced the poet in order to maintain them to ride the boat coarse .
That the meaning of significant impact in the grammar passport the passport is not a form , of chaos , but is a doomed sense controls the research included two se a section introduction and pave abstract the most important results of the search mechanism and a list of sources and references

Legal aspects and the social dimensions of the death pena in Iraq

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 25-37

The death penalty is as old as human history and accompanied human society to this day Kmasahab this penalty a lot of opinions that others went by roll call for abolition while some believe that the survival of the death penalty is the only way to deter criminals, research has included topics included sequence history of the death penalty since its inception to the present and then the death penalty under legislation civil and military research has included Iraqi legislation to the death penalty and other Study addressed the death penalty and trends supporting and opposing them and through research found that maintaining the death penalty is a representation of the application for the Sunan divine and sacred Islamic religion, which provides for the death penalty in many of the citizen, where would be futile to allow the offender to return to society after committing a crime or several crimes result from which tragedy of the loss of lives and material losses reflected raised on family and society has created a lot of orphans and widows and rendered sometimes society a lot of cadres of scientific and money and to rid society of the elements corrupt and give a chance to a better life for is to achieve justice and al-Qaida targets legal and rationality that Deterrent Punishment of the comet and Al'zajrh for is not reasonable to give the offender a veteran the opportunity to return again to commit the crime again and this is the result reached by the search.

Study the Susceptibility of Bacillus cereus isolated from Milk and Milk Products to Antibiotics

Abdul-Hadi A. Abd; Aysar Saadoun Abood; Nadia Ibrahim AbdelA

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-4

Both antibiotic discs in agar and liquid broth cultures methods were used in this study. Bacillus cereus strain ATCC 11778 and the strain that isolated from milk locally were tested for antibiotics susceptibility. Both strains are susceptible to cephalexin, ampicillin and lincomycin in broth method to minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC). Standard strain was sensitive to cephalexin 125µg/ml, ampicillin 1mg/ml and lincomycin 100µg/ml while local strain is sensitive to cephalexin 250µg/ml, ampicillin 10mg/ml and lincomycin 1mg/ml. The following antibiotics tetracycline, cephalexin, neomycin, streptomycin, penicillin 10µg and ceftriaxone 30µg were used in antibiotic disc concentration method. Both strains were sensitive to Tetracycline, cephalexin, neomycin and streptomycin while both strains were resistant to penicillin 10µg and ceftriaxone 30µg. Our results showed that local strain is tougher in susceptibility to the antibiotic s than standard strain.

Effect of heavy metals in wastewater effluents of Textile factory-Hilla on the characteristics of Hilla River

Hussein Ali Mahdi Al-Zubaidi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 5-16

The research includes monitoring and assessment on industrial pollution level in Hilla River under the effect of some major toxic heavy metals in Hilla textile factory effluent. The concentrations of selected toxic heavy metals, chromium (Cr) and lead (Pb), were determined for selective locations on the river. The monitoring period in this study were accomplished during periods of time six months represent and contain the predominating weather conditions in Iraq, the time of study starting from the dry and hot weather conditions in August / 2011 to the wet and cold weather conditions in January / 2012. The sampling through monitoring period was conducted from the middle of the river, starting in front of the outfall of Hilla textile factory to a distance 450 m downstream of the textile factory outfall. The assessment of Hilla River pollution with Cr and Pb show that the levels of Cr and Pb concentrations values through various weather conditions are compatible with its levels in several countries, where the Cr concentrations in Hilla River are within its acceptable limits in rivers and potable water, while the Pb concentrations in Hilla River exceed the permissible limits in rivers and potable water. Also, the Hilla textile factory effluent effects on the distribution of heavy metals concentrations with the distance along the river downstream the effluent outfall by a gradually increasing in the concentrations of heavy metals that is found in the effluent.

Sub groups of a Symmetric group (S6 , o)

Maha Mohsen Mohammed Ali; Hussein Abed Al Hussein Abbas

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 17-26

This research deal with a form of elements of (S6 , o), and introduce some sub groups of symmetric group (S6 , o), also introduce some examples, results and properties about this symmetric group.

Experimental and Theoretical Study for a Counter Flow Water Cooling Tower by Using (clear P.V.C.) Packing

Hayder J.Kurji

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 27-39

In this paper we study the performance of a counter flow water cooling tower by employing (clear PVC ) packing with inclined 45o from the vertical axis. For different flow rate of water the cooling load are studied experimentally and theoretically .It is found that an increase in water flow rate leads to a decrease in cooling range, whereas when the water flow rate was (0.3kg/s) the cooling range was (11 Co) and when the water flow rate was (0.5kg/s) the cooling range was (6 Co).Four different packing heights (0.12, 0.24, 0.36 , 0.48)m are tested by varying the air flow rates, and the water flow rates in three steps for each of the four packing heights, it is observed that the number of transfer units (performance coefficient) (NTU) or (KaV/L) increases by increasing air flow rate. The relation of NTU with (L/G) (water flow rate per unit area to air flow rate per unit area) are studied experimentally and theoretically. Moreover, the calculation for (KaV/L) is theoretically computed by using Tchebycheff method, and the least square method is used to correlate the experimental results for NTU in terms of (L/G). We conclude that best performance for tower packing is represented in providing minimum water to air ratio (L/G),where it is noticed that when the air flow rate per unit area constant then the NTU reaches to 1.9 with (L/G) equals 0.435 and NTU reaches to 0.42 with ( L/G) equals 0.87.We also conclude that when the inlet water temperature increases the (NTU) decreases and vice versa. The experimental results obtained in this paper reasonably agree with the theoretical results.

Study of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in Relation to Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

Hassony J . Abdulla; Nadia K . Bashar Al- Quraeshi; Firas Nabeeh; Jaafer Al-Awadi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 40-43

This investigation has been conducted to Study Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in Relation to Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD).Three replicates samples were taken in Baghdad city from :1 - From the water upper part of Army Channel , 2 –Near Al-Talbaia Bridge on Army Channel , 3 - Anaerobic main holes effluent (Septic systems) near Vegetables Station in Gamelia City , 4 –From Dyalia river near Ristmaia , 5 - From the intersection between Tigris and Dyalia river southern Baghdad , 6 - From Tigris river Near Bab –Al –Matham Bridge , 7- From Tigris river Near Al – AL-Aiemah Bridge and 8 –Waste water from Ristmaia Station before treatment .

Mean values of COD and BOD in the investigated locations show strong relation with high value of
correlation coefficient (r = 0.9758 ) and describe by the equation :
BOD= 6.1242 + 0.3142( COD ) + 0.0008 ( COD )²
The above formula used to estimate BOD depending on COD . The COD test can be run in a couple of hours instead of five days to determine BOD .
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Converting Color Real Image to Cartoon Image Using Non-Parametric Mean-Shift Technique

Ashwan Anwer Abdulmunen

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 44-54

This paper focuses on using mean-shift technique to convert real color image to cartoon image which is necessary for more image processing application such as segmentation, edge detection, recognition ..etc from divide the original image to many regions window “clusters” without any prior knowledge about these regions in each find the center cluster value which considered the density of some color in this cluster and then modification all neighbor pixel in this region to this value K-Nearest-Neighbor which used in clustering operation where all pixels in this region be in the same color without gradual. Implementation this search by using Java TM 6 update 7 from Sun Microsystems,Inc

Oligomerization of acetylene from gas electrocracking over Pd/CNFs catalyst

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 55-77

The unique properties of carbon nanofibers (CNFs), a novel structured carbon material developed in the last two decades, have generated a large number of applications including selective absorption, energy storage, polymer reinforcement, and catalyst supports.
The results show the possibility production of olefin hydrocarbons from gas electrocracking as a first stage, and the subsequent stage investigated the regularities of the oligomerization of acetylene in the gas electrocracking on palladium catalyst, we supported palladium on CNFs and developed a highly active catalyst for hydrogenation of hydrocarbons. CNFs supported palladium catalysts (0.5%Pd) were prepared by a standard incipient impregnation method using aqueous solutions of palladium (ΙΙ) chloride PdCl2 as a palladium precursor. Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were synthesized from a previous studyto us, obtainedalsofrom acetylene in the gas electrocracking over γ-Fe2O3 catalyst, oligomerization of acetylene with a Pd/CNFs catalyst has been investigated. Catalytic experiments were performed in a fixed bed reactor at atmospheric pressure, synthesized at(140 – 270) ºC, using gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) in the range (3000-7000) h-1 of feed gas. Resulting shows that the yield of green oil or (liquid hydrocarbons) reduce when the temperature increase and increase in the yield of methane, ethene, propene and butene, as well as a more stable catalyst.

Measurement of Radii of the Irradiated Red Blood Cells using He-Ne laser

Hassan Maktuff Jaber Al-Taii

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 78-87

In this research, we have studied the effect of radiation on blood cells that were irradiated by Gamma rays, Beta particles and Alpha particles by means of determination their radii before and after radiation caused by the diffraction of Laser from the blood cells. A comparison has been made with the biological technique for measuring the radii of red blood cells. We found that there is good agreement between the biological and interference techniques, for the non-radiated cells. But, for the radiated cells. We found a clear different between these radii, i.e., measurement of the radii before and after the radiation about (100-1500 Ao) were increased to [O,AB,A] types, but it was decreased to [B] type.

Photocatalytic decolorization of Methyl Red dye under solar light

Ahmed Hassan Ali; Ihsan Habib Dakhil

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 88-95

Environmental problems associated with hazardous wastes and toxic water pollutants have attracted much attention. Among them, organic dyes are one of the major groups of pollutants inwastewaters produced from textile and other industrial processes. Among various physical, chemical and biological techniques for treatment of wastewaters, heterogeneous photocatalysis has been considered as a cost-effective alternative for water remediation. The superiority of photocatalytic technique in wastewater treatment is due to its advantages over the traditional techniques, such as quick oxidation, no formation of polycyclic products, oxidation of pollutants in the (ppb) range.
Photocatalysis is a process by which a semiconductor material absorbs light of energy more than or equal to its band-gap, thereby generating electrons and holes which can further generate free radicals in the system to oxidize the substrate. The resulting free radicals are very efficient oxidizers of organic matter. TiO2 is the most promising photocatalyst due to its facile and cheap application in removing inorganic and organic pollutants from waste waters.
In the present study the photocatalytic decolorizaion of Methyl Red (MR) dye has been investigated by employing heterogeneous photocatalysis under solar light. The photocatalytic activity in presence of TiO2 as a semiconductor has been investigated. Thereafter different operational parameters like catalyst loading, pH, initial dye concentration and recycling of catalyst on the photocatalytic decolorizaion which affect the decolorization process have been optimized.
The results shows the solar photocatalytic completely degradation of MR dye was noticed in acidic region with a catalyst dose of 2.0 g L–1 and pH = 3 within 225 minutes The experiments also shows the degradation of MR decrease with increase of dye concentration at optimum conditions and performed to evaluate the reusability of the TiO2 for decolorization of Methyl Red.

Compare between A.H. SH Quintet mask and Ant Colony for Mycosis Fungoides Skin image Edge detection

Ali Hassan Nasser Al-Fayadh; Hind Rostom Mohamed; Shayma Maki kadham

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 96-104

In this paper, in first stage Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is introduced to tackle the image edge detection problem, where the aim is to extract the edge information presented in the image, since it is crucial to understand the image’s content. The second stage .A.H. SH Quintet mask Appling for same images to find edge detection. The proposed approach exploits a number of ants, which move on the image driven by the local variation of the image’s intensity values, to establish a pheromone matrix, which represents the edge information at each pixel location for Mycosis Fungoides Skin image Edge detection is proposed.
The third stage compare between first and second stage for Mycosis Fungoides disease. The Skin image have been identified and the edges of the images used for each and every stages that the database consists of 40 images divided each stage of the Mycosis Fungoides disease Skin image 10 images. For each stage a novel algorithm which combines pixel and region based color segmentation techniques is used. The experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms

Finding the optimal solution for fractional linear programming problems with fuzzy numbers

Aws Nidhal Dheyab

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 105-110

The fuzzy set and theory has been applied in many fields such as operations research , control theory and management sciences etc ,an application of this theory in decision making problem is linear fractional programming problem with fuzzy numbers , in this study we present a new method for solving fuzzy number fractional linear programming problems by use of linear ranking function

Fuzzy Compact and Coercive Mappings

Habeeb Kareem Abdulla; Noor Reyadh Kareem

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 111-121

In this paper we introduce the concept of fuzzy compact and fuzzy coercive mappings in fuzzy topological spaces. Several characterizations and some interesting properties of these mappings are discussed. Also, we explain the relation between fuzzy compact mapping and fuzzy coercive mapping.

Scheduling jobs with release dates on identical machines to minimize weighted completion times function

Hanan Ali Chachan

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 122-133

This paper considers the problem of scheduling independent jobs with release dates on m identical machines to find minimize the total weighted completion times. The purpose of this paper is to describe meta-heuristic algorithms such as Memetic algorithm approach (MA),Threshold acceptance algorithm (TA) and Tabu search (TS), in order to find near optimal solution (feasible solution) to minimize the total weighted completion time which subject to release dates. The problem denoted as .

The Q-Smarandache Closed Ideal andQ-Smarandache Fuzzy Closed Ideal With Respect To an Element Of a Q-Smarandache BCH-algebra

Husein Hadi Abbass

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 134-144

In this paper, we define the concepts of (a Q-smarandache closed ideal with respect to an element , a Q-smarandache fuzzy ideal , a Q-smarandache fuzzy closed ideal , a Q-smarandache fuzzy closed ideal with respect to an element ) ofa Q-smarandacheBCH-algebra. We stated and proved some theorems which determine the relationship between these notions and theotherideals of aQ-smarandache BCH-algebra.

A study of high sensitivity c-reactive protein ,fibrinogen, troponin I and lipid profile in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Rana A. Al-Duhaimi; Moaed E. Al-Gazalyally; Alla; a H.Abbas Haidar

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 145-151

This study was conducted on 70 patients with acute myocardial infarction (52 males ,18 females) and 30 (22 males,8 females) apparently healthy subjects were taken as control group from October 2010 till August 2011.Blood collected in coronary care unit at Merjan Teaching Hospital in Hilla city within 12 hours of myocardial infarction attack and all the subjects were fasting at time of sample taking. The patients were diagnosed as having AMI depending on positive troponin I tests ECG finding plus clinical features of AMI, The sera obtained from the patients were used to determine the effect of AMI on high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP),fibrinogen, troponin I, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TGs),very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (VLDL-C), and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. The results show a highly significant increase in high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP), fibrinogen, troponin I, total cholesterol, triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration (p<0.001), while highly significant decrease in high density lipoprotein-choleterol(p<0.001) in sera of patients group compared to control group, also the results of this study showed positive significant correlation (r = 0.30, p<0.01) between increment of hsCRP and fibrinogen in patients group on other hand positive
but not significant correlation (r =0.044, p<0.05 ) of the above two parameters in control group.
Conclusion: Acute myocardial infarction associated with elevation of acute phase proteins. .HsCRP
and fibrinogen combination can be used in prediction of early events of atherosclerosis and post
infarction complication and how to prevent them. Lipid profile and quantitive determination of cardiac troponin I are always advisable in post AMI.

Corrosion Inhibitors Effects and adsorption properties of Theobromine for the Corrosion of Iron in Hydrochloric Acid Medium

May Essa Mahmood

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 152-162

Inhibition of corrosion of iron in hydrochloric acid solutions by theobromine as natural product has been studied using thermometric and galvanometric measurements indicate that the average inhibition efficiency of theobromine at 303ºc ranged from 62.9% to 83.8% and 84.1% to 93.4% respectively. It has been found that theobromine acts as a good corrosion inhibitor for iron in all concentrations of HCl solution. Inhibition was found to increase with increasing concentration of inhibitor. The effects of temperature, immersion time and acid concentration on the corrosion behavior of iron were also studied. The adsorption of theobromine on iron surface obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The activation energy as well as other thermodynamic parameters for the inhibition process was calculated.

Study prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among human in Baghdad province

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 163-166

A total of 643 urine samples from suspected patients attending Al-Yarmuk hospital in Baghdad had been examined during period from 1st December 2009 to the end of November 2010, to detected urinary schistosomiasis (Schistosoma haematobium).
Out of 643 urine samples examined, 131 (20.4%) were infected with the parasite. According to the seasons of years, highest rate of infection was in autumn and spring (24.6%, 24.2% respectively), winter season exhibited the lowest rate of infection (7.2%). The result showed that individuals with age up to 25 years have highest rate of infection with urinary schistosomiasis (31%), while it's so much decreased among individuals that were more than 50 years old (10.5%). The study also showed significant differences at level P<0.01 between rate of infection in male (26.1%) and female (6.8%).
Clinical signs that related to urinary schistosomiasis infection in some suspected patient were recorded.

Sub groups of a Symmetric group (S5 , o)

Muhammad Hassan Sallomi; Hussein Abed Al Hussein Abbas; Enaam Hadi Abd

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 167-170

This research deal with a form of elements of(S5 , o), and introduce some sub groups of symmetric group (S5 , o), also introduce some examples, results and properties about this symmetric group.

INFILTRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPACTED SAMPLES OF SUB-BASE MATERIALS

Mohammed Shaker Mahmood Al Shakerchy; Fadhil Abdul Abbas; Asaad Mohammed Baqer

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 171-180

Many problems are generated by the presence of water from different sources in a pavement structure. The infiltration characteristics of the sub-base are an important component of the hydrological conditions. They are one of the components of the water balance and are necessary to describe the runoff response by a runoff model, in addition to describe the effect of water movement on changing the soil properties within infiltration.
The present work emphasis on the characteristics of the infiltration by using laboratory model. This model is performed on compacted sub-base samples of specific density and different heights, 10, 15, and 20cm, for different heads of water, 10, 15, and 20cm. The results revealed that there is a significant effect of water head and height of sub-base layer on the infiltration with high interaction of the wetting conditions of the sample. A statistical analysis was made to develop a relationship among the different studied parameters.

Preparation and Characterization of Some Metal Ions Complexes with Heterocyclic Azo Ligand (Bbai)

Layla. A. Mohamad; Muna. A . Hadi; allham . A. mehadi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 181-187

The preparation and characterization of the Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) metal complexes of heterocyclic azo ligand 2,2'-[(1,1'-Biphenyl)-4,4'- diyl-bis-(azo)]-bis [4,5-diphenyl imidazole ] (Bbai) have been studied by elemental analysis, IR and Spectroscopic, magnetic moment and Molar conductance methods. The analytical data showed that all chelate complexes were prepared with (ligand:metal) ratio of (1:1). The general formula of these complexes was [M2L2Cl4], and the octahedral geometry were suggested for these complexes L:M ratio was 1:1 for all homodinuclear prepared complexes.

Isolation and characterization of two thermotolerant Kerosene degrading bacteria from oily contaminated soil

Wesam A.Z. altaher

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 188-196

Seven bacterial isolates were isolated from soils contaminated with used diesel engine oils which had been used at a high temperature. Two isolates were gram negative bacteria and the other five were gram positive. All of these bacteria were tested for growth in Bushnell & Haas broth (BH broth) with kerosene as a carbon source at various temperatures (25˚ – 48˚C). One isolate grew well and gave significant growth at (37˚ – 48˚C (, another isolate grew well at ) 37˚ - 42˚C(, the other five isolates lost viability after the first day of incubation at all temperature conditions tested. The two isolates which could grow in BH broth with kerosene were classified as Sphingomonas spiritivorum and Pseudomonas chlororaphis

Synthesis and Chracterization of 1,3,4- oxadiazole derivatives with some new transition metal complexes

Ibrahim abood flifel; Samah Hussein Kadhim

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 197-209

A new ligands N-[(1E)-(2-bromo phenyl)methylene]-5-hydrazino-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-amine (L1) and ethanedial{5-[(2-bromobenzylidene)amino]-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl}hydrazone (L2)and its Co(II), Ni(II)and Cu(II) complexes were synthesized. The authenticity of the ligands (L1,L2). This complexes were established by elemental analysis, conductance and magnetic susceptibility measurements, as well as spectroscopic (FTIR, mass, uv-visible,). The FTIR and mass spectra were corresponding as it is expected. The (L1) acts as a bidentate ligand coordinating through the oxygen atom of the oxadiazole ring and the nitrogen atom of amino group. This view is further supported by the appearance of a band corresponding to the metal-nitrogen and metal-oxygen stretching vibration at 454–688 cm–1 and 314-466 cm-1 in the complexes respectively. The (L2) acts as a tridentate ligand coordinating through the two oxygen atosms of the oxadiazole ring and [C=O]gruop and the nitrogen atom of shiff base [C=N]. The magnetic studies suggest an tetrahedral and octahedral geometry of the complexes .The complex of Co(III) for the (L1) have shown octahedral geometry,the complex of Cu(II) has shown tetrahedral geometry with (L1). The complexes of [Ni(II), Cu(II)] for the (L2) have shown tetrahedral geometry.

Study the Effect of Ambient Oxygen Pressure on Structural and Optical Properties of Pure SnO2Thin films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition

Nada Abdul Hadi Kareem Al-Enizi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 210-216

Polycrystalline pure SnO2 thin films were deposited on glass substrates at fixed substrate temperature (400C°) by (Nd-YAG )pulsed laser deposition (PLD) with pulse energy(5000 mJ), pulse width(10ns) at a different ambient oxygen pressure (10-1,10-2,10-3) torr. The effect of ambient oxygen pressure on the structural and optical properties of SnO2 thin films was studied. (XRD) X-ray diffraction and AFM (atomic force microscopy) methods were used to examine the structure and morphology of the films in this work. From (XRD) X-ray diffraction of the SnO2 films, it was found that the deposited films showed some differences compared with the oxygen pressure and the intensities of the peaks of the crystalline phases decreased with the increase of oxygen. From AFM images, the distinct variations in the morphology of the thin films were also observed, from the transmittance of SnO2 it was found that the optical transmission of SnO2 films at high oxygen pressure is low than for low ambient oxygen pressure.

Simulation of Magnetic Electron Lenses

Ali Hadi Hassan Al-Batat; Zaman Hameed Kareem Al-Rubaye

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 217-227

A computational investigation on the simulation and design of symmetrical double polepiece magnetic electron lens using optimization by synthesis approach has been done. The field formula and its related axial functions requaired for synthesis design of the charged particle lens have been determined with aid of Simulation environment in Matlab. The objective focal properties of the double polepiece magnetic lenses with respect to the image space have been studied under the effect of the field parameters.

Assessment of Wind speed for Electricity Generation in Technical Institute / Mosul

Khalid M. Yaseen Al-ubeidi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 229-240

The present research deals with the assessment of wind speed for electricity generation in Technical Institute / Mosul for laboratory usage. A wind mill was designed and fabricated to carry out the experimental work, it was positioned on a tower of 30 meter height above sea level, and the wind speed was measured and recorded by Anemometer device every 20 seconds and then were averaged over 10 minute. The 10 minute average wind speed data were then averaged over one hour. All the wind speed data were measured and recorded close the wind mill apparatus.
The Weibull Probability Density Function for wind potential was calculated from the mean wind speed data and the Weibull scale factor c was calculated.
Experimented results showed that the relationship between the average wind speed and the scale factor c was .
The measured and calculated wind speed data were also averaged over each eight hours period for each day of the whole month in March, and the experimental results revealed an average wind speed of 6.2 m/s which was available for large parts of the day.
The results also showed that the are a certain periods in which the wind speed are useful for converting their power to an electricity for laboratory usage.
It was also concluded that there is an enough number of hours in which the wind speed of a high potential power are available and enough for running the wind mill.
The results obtained for the wind speed measured by Anemometer device and the Weibull Probability Density Function showed a best fitting between wind speed measured in the present study and the wind speed distribution for Weibull Probability Density Function which indicate that there is an efficiency and enough wind speed on the top of the workshop in Technical Institute / Mosul for the generation of electricity which can run the devices and the instruments for laboratory usage.

Thermo Physical Behavior of Binary and Ternary System's For Cyclohexanol With Some Ketones at Three Temperatures

Dhafir T. Ajeel AL-heetimi; Amar H. AL-Dujaili; Ahmed M. A. AL-Joboori; Ahmed Najem Abd; Eman Talib Kareem

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 240-251

The density and viscosity of binary mixtures cyclohexanol + 2-hexanone, cyclohexanol + 2-heptanone and ternary mixture cyclohexanol + 2-hexanone + 2-heptanone have been measured over the range of temperatures (293.15K, 303.15K and 313.15K).
The excess molar volume and excess viscosity of binary systems were also calculated, and the results were fitted to a well-known Redlich-kister-type polynomial equation. As for the ternary system studied, the excess molar volume shows a positive from ideal at the three different temperatures studied. The excess viscosity shows positive deviation from the ideality at (293.15K and 303.15K) at decrease mole fraction X1, and at the temperature (313.15K) shows a positive deviation and becomes too negative deviation at increase of the mole fraction X1.

ON THEMEASURABLE FAMILIES OF S ̂- BANACH LATTICE

Ali HussainBattor; Zeinab Hassan Abood

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 252-258

The aim of this paper is to study a measurable families ofS ̂- Banach lattice and their decomposition of a separable BanachS ̂- vector lattice into measurable field of Banach lattice . Moreover there exists a Freudenthal unit in X ̂ if and only if it exists in X_τ .

Synthesis and Characterization of Some New 1,3-Oxazepine Derivatives Containing Pyrazolone Moiety Via [2+5] Cycloaddition Reaction

Zaid Hassan Abood; Haitham Dalol Hanoon; Rahman Tama Haiwal

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 267-284

This work included synthesis of some new 1,3-oxazepine derivatives starting from 4-Amino-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3(2H)-one [1]. Firstly, compound [1] was converted to the corresponding imine derivatives [2] and [3] through condensation reaction with each 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde and 2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, respectively, in presence of glacial acetic acid in absolute ethanol. Imine derivatives [2] and [3] were then introduced in [2+5] cycloaddition reaction with each Phethalic anhydride, 3-Nitrophthalic anhydride and Maleic anhydride, respectively, in dry benzene to give 1,3-oxazepine derivatives [4-9]. These new derivatives might have some biological activity.
The structures of all prepared compounds were confirmed by C.H.N. elementary analysis and FT-IR spectra. Also 1H-NMR spectroscopy was used to identify structure of one new compound.

ON COMPLETELY PRIME IDEAL WITH RESPECT TO AN ELEMENT OF A NEAR RING

Husein Hadi Abbass; Mohanad Ali Mohammed

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 285-301

In this paper , we introduce the notions of completely prime ideal with respect to an element x denoted By (x-C.P.I) of a near ring and the completely prime ideals near ring with respect to an element x.
Also we study the image and inverse image of x-C.P.I under epimomorphism and the direct product of x-C.P.I near ring are studied, and some types of ideals that becomes (x-C.P.I) of a near ring,and the Relationships between the completely prime ideal with respect to an element x of a near ring N and some other types of ideals

ON COMPLETELY CLOSED IDEAL WITH RESPECT TO AN ELEMENT OF A BH-ALGEBRA

Husein Hadi Abbass; Hayder Abbas Dahham

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 302-312

In this paper, we introduce the notions of a completely closed ideal and a completely closed ideal with respect to an element of a BH-algebra .Also we study these notions on a BG-algebra and B-algebra, We stated and proved some theorems which determine the relationship between these notions and some other types of ideals of a BH-algebra and a BG-algebra.

The Mathematical Model of RCC Dam Break, Bastora Dam as a Case Study

Najm O.S. Alghazali; Dilshad A.H. Alhadrawi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 313-324

In this study, the simulation of the hypothetical failure of Bastora dam and prediction of the resultingflood wave are performed. Bastora dam is a roller compacted concrete (RCC) dam, it is located North East of Iraq about 30 km from Erbil city. Five different cases of breach width are investigated for the analysis of dam break simulations (0.2, 0.3, 0.35, 0.4, and 0.5) times of the dam crest length to determine the peak outflow. To predict the flood wave, the hydrologic technique involves the level pool routing method is used to compute the reservoir outflow hydrograph. Routing the breach outflow hydrograph downstream the dam is achieved by using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers computer program (HEC - RAS 3.1.3) which is based on the complete one dimensional Saint-Venant equations for unsteady flow. The maximum water levels and maximum discharges at (11) sections of the river downstream the dam are determined for the case of Bastora dam failure due to over-stressing. The rescue level is also determined.

ON WEAKLY λ-CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS IN BITOPOLOGICAL SPACES

Samah Abd Al- hadi; Nada Mohammed Abbas; Azal Jaafer Moosa Meera

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 325-327

As a generalization of λ -continuous functions, we introduce and study several properties of weakly λ -continuous functions in Bitopological spaces and we obtain its several characterizations
Keywords and phrases. Bitopological spaces, λ -open sets ,weakly λ -continuous function.

Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Schiff bases Derived from ferrocene compounds

Nesreen N.Majeed; Adil A.Al-Fregi; Abbas.F.Abbas

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 328-338

Two series of Schiff base compounds were synthesized, first series synthesized by the condensation of carbonyl ferrocene derivatives with 1,6-diaminohexane in alcohol medium. The second series synthesized by the condensation of carbonyl ferrocene derivatives with 1,4-diaminobenzene in alcohol medium. All the compounds were characterized by C.H.N. elemental analysis, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy

SOLAR POND IS A NEW TECHNIQUE OF SUPPLYING THERMAL ENERGY

Jassim T. Mahdi

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 339-347

A performance study of using solar ponds for collecting and storing solar energy in a form of thermal energy was carried out. It displays various calculations for the required solar pond surface area for collecting the solar radiation, heat exchange pipe length and pipes surface area for extracting the heat from the pond and many other important design factors. These give an indication to estimate how big it must be the required pond and what output liquid temperature can be reached to achieve basic requirements for a certain project rely on heat supply. By doing such a project will save the environment and a lot of energy cost in addition of reduces the production of CO2 to save the life on the earth. And in the same time it can be concluded thatreducing the required output liquid temperature from 70oC down to 60oC would save nearly third of the pipes needed in the same time third of the pond surface area. And this will confirm that the solar pond technology is working well with moderate output liquid temperature applications.

Dielectric behavior and Ac conductivity measurements of bulk (TiO2, ZnO/Epoxy) composites

Abdullah A. Hussein; Abdulwahab. A.Sultan; Tahseen A. Saki

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 348-356

Dielectric behavior and ac conductivity measurements on epoxy resin filled with (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 wt.%.) micro sized particles of TiO2 and ZnO have been studied.. The measurements were carried out in the frequency range (120Hz - 2MHz) and over a wide temperature 30 ◦C and 110◦C. Different dielectric behavior was observed depending on filler type, filler contact, frequency and temperature.
Results show that dielectric permittivity (ε') and dielectric loss(ε") increases with the addition of epoxy resin, which has been attributed to interfacial polarization. The value of (ε') increased with increasing temperature, due to the greater freedom for movement of the dipole molecular chains within the epoxy at high temperature. The value of (ε') decreases with increasing frequency, which indicates that the major contribution to the polarization comes from orientation polarization. Interfacial relaxation is found to be strongly dependent on the presence of micro-filler particles. The Alternating Current (AC) conductivity increases as the temperature and frequency, because of the segmental mobility and electrical conduction.

The Mutagenic Effect of Antiseptics and Disinfectants onThe Sensitivity of Methicillin SensitiveStaphylococcus aureus( MSSA )

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 17-23

The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) and Minimal bactericidal concentration(MBC) of some antiseptics and disinfectants that used in Karbala hospitals was detected. The mutagenic effect of sub-inhibitory concentration of these chemicals on the conversion of methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was studied.
The results of The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of some antiseptics and disinfectants that used in hospitals such as (Formalin، Chlorine،Ethyl-Iodide،Povidon-Iodine، Ethanol،Chlorhexidingluconate) were,(782.63، 24.45),(1462.5، 731.25), (1250، 625),(24520، 6130),(12500، 6250),39.06 ،0.15) (µg/ ml respectively. The sub-inhibitory concentration of antiseptics and disinfectants that used in hospitals had a mutagenic effect on the conversion of MSSA to MRSA.

Thermal analysis study for nano hybrid Compounds and degradation degree of Thermal

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 36-43

This study presents the synthesis of phenoxy herbicides Zn/Al-layered double hydroxides nano hybrids by the reaction of 2٬4-dichloro and 4-chlorophenoxy acetate nano composites using indirect method of ion exchange .
These composites were characterize by thermal analysis (Thermal gravimetric (TG)and Differential thermal gravimetric (DTG) ). know weight change for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation both ethanol and watery medium when (Zn/Al= 2,3,4,5 ) when heating degree Thermal found when degradation for Nano hybrid Compounds , degradation degree Thermal for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation watery medium lower than degradation degree Thermal for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation ethanol medium , the molar ratio good for Nano hybrid Compounds preparation ethanol medium ( R=4) .

Estimation of tomato production function covered (greenhouses) in Karbala province

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 44-52

The research aims to estimate the production function of the tomato crop covered in the province of Karbala in the light of a random sample of (155) plastic house in 2010.Analysis results showed that the function Allegartimah is the most representative of the relationship between the output of the crop and independent factors (cultivated area, the amount of seeds, the amount of fertilizers, animal, the amount of chemical fertilizer, the amount of material control, the number of hours of irrigation, the number of hours of manual labor, working hours robot) based on the criteria economic, statistical and standard as the value of coefficient of determination is 0.92, which indicates that 0.92% of the variation in the production of the crop due to the variance in the independent variables, and 0.08% from the rest of the variables back to the variables did not show paradigm suck impact of a random variable, the study showed significant variables except the variable space and total elasticities (3.4) any function that returns with increased capacity and this means increasing the resources used leads to increased production Botaúr increasing. When calculating the productivity of marginal and medium turned out to be decreasing for the variables (the area under cultivation, the amount of seeds, the amount of organic fertilizers, and the number of hours of work manual and automatic), which refers to the occurrence of these variables in the stage production the second stage of production (economic phase), while the production medium (the amount of chemical fertilizer To control the amount of materials) and decreasing marginal productivity is negative, indicating the occurrence of these two suppliers in the third phase of production (non-economic). The production medium and the marginal productivity of a variable (number of hours of irrigation) increasingly These findings indicate the occurrence of this resource within the first phase of production. Through the study of economic and social characteristics of the sample shows that rate (19.4%) and secondary level by (11.12 %), while the bachelor's level accounted for (2.78%). Categories of tenure and more prevalent category is confined between (3-5) beta ratio of plastic has possession of 60% of the total greenhouse.

Simulation of the effect distance between electrodes on the deposition of electrochemical

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 53-63

In this research, the effect of distance between the electrodes was studied on chemical components and electrochemicals depending on mean of the field Kinetic equations and "Poission equation" by using charged alattice samples with the using of two types of cells with one direction for theoretical purpose, which are (half cell, full cell) with the size of (100) under stressed effect of (2T/e) when the cell contains two similar electrodes with thickness of (10) each.
Designing of computer program by using "Fortran Language" to calculate the concentration of (metal atoms, cations, anions, solvents, vacancies, electrons).
Results showed that the increasing in distance between electrods resulted decreasing in the deposition at the time of (t = 5 × 104), and adecreasing the growth of concentrations and distribution of charges on cathode electrode and electrical potential.

The effect of supplemental different level of Thyme seeds (Thymus vulgaris) in diet on broiler performance

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 64-72

This experiment was conducted at the poultry farm, poultry research station ,state board of Agriculture research , Ministry of Agriculture . to study the effect of supplemental Thyme seeds on broiler diets .640 day old unsexed broiler chicks ( Arboracres ) were used in this study from 1/11 – 12/12/2010 . They were randomly distributed to 4 treatments for 16 replicate (40 birds per replicate) .
Thyme was supplemented at the levels of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 % compared with the control group for 42 days. This experiment were conducted to study the effect of supplemental thyme seeds to the diet on broiler performance ( live body weight , body weight gain, feed intake , feed conversion ratio, mortality, production index, dressing percentage, carcass cuts and total bacterial count of intestine and colon) .
The result indicated that supplementing thyme seeds (Thymus vulgaris) to the diet resulted as significant ( P<0.05) increase in live body weight , body weight gain , feed intake and feed conversion ratio, production index, dressing percentage and carcass cuts (Breast, thigh and drumstick ).
Also results showed a decline in mortality and total bacterial (E.coli and Staphylococcus) in intestine and colon.

The effect of lead and salinity stress on seedling stages of eggplant (Solanum melongena ) cv. Barcelona .

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 73-78

An experiment was designed to study the interaction effects of Pb(NO3)2 and salinity on the growth of eggplant . Tow seedling of each plant were transported to each pot , NaCl was added at ( 0 , 250 , 500 , 750 ppm ) on 10 /1/2011 and on 10/2/2011 , while Pb(NO3)2 was added at ( 0 , 50 , 150 mg Pb / Kg soil as Pb(NO3)2 . After 90 days the plants were harvested. Results showed that plant performance was significantly reduced with increasing concentration of both NaCl and Pb
Contamination. Plant parameters (plant height cm, root length cm, leave FW and DW gm / plant, root FW and DW gm / plant, shoot FW and DW gm / plant, leaves No. and branches No.) were affected significantly by salinity and Pb . There was a significant interaction between salinity and Pb contamination.

Diffusion rate effect study on Kinetic of controlled release of (2,4-Dichloroand4-chlorophenoxyacetate)from Zn/Al-layered double hydroxide

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 83-89

This study presents release of phenoxy herbicides 2,4-di chloro and 4-chloro phenoxy acetate as nanohybrids from Zn/Al-layers double hydroxide (LDHs) to different aqueous solution as carbonate , phosphate and chloride for different concentration by using direct ion exchange method . effect know of all aqueous solution on diffusion rate both anionic in same time from layer double hydroxide . The diffusion rate both anionic was found 2,4-D>4-CPA.The diffusion rate release in to aqueous solution carbonate>phosphate>chlorate
The aim of this study effect know of all aqueous solution on diffusion rate both anionic in same time from layer double hydroxide and effect different aqueous solution , concentration and pH on the diffusion rate both anionic

Effect of Using Element and plant Extracts on Growth of Olea europaeu.

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 90-93

A Field experiment was conducted at Najaf governorate on seedling olive to study the effect of weekly irrigaltion by using with constant concentration (50)mg/L of plant extracts (Garlic,Nigella sativa, Spinach, Parsley) and elements of (Fe, Mn, K).Results were showed that treatment with plant extracts and elements caused significant in creasing in plant height ,diameter,branches number ,leaf area , number of leaves in branches ,length of branches ,chemical contents of elements in leaves .

Isolation and screening of lactic acid producing Lactobacilli

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 94-104

Twenty bacterial isolates belonged to the genus of Lactobacillus were obtained from different sources included raw milk , pickles , rural dairy, whey and yoghurt . The above isolates in addition to four isolates belonged to the same genus were subjected to a screening program to test their abilities for lactic acid production using different incubation conditions . Results showed that L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25) were the higher producer isolates for lactic acid .
The best medium for production of lactic acid from L. acidophilus and Lactobacillus sp. (25) was date juice in comparision with MRS liquid medium ,the lactic acid amounts were (44.02 and 64.8) gm/L by using date juice as production medium, while they were (36.12 and 62.076) gm/L by using MRS medium for both used isolates , respectively.

The most important Factors affecting the accident, according to the standard Bayesian future

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 127-134

It is known there are many statistical criteria that will help in the selection of the best models and which ones can choose the model which includes the smallest number of explanatory variables to obtain the same information (roughly) that you get if it included the model of all explanatory variables, as well as the model chosen by these standards characterized by many desirable statistical properties. One of the main criteria used to select models is Normalized Maximum Likelihood (NML ) and Criterion Bayesian future(BFC(Resulting from the integration of normative: Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC )& Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) to be a more accurate measure. In addition to the expense of the coefficient of determination( R Square) and compared with the average coefficient of determination R2 Adjusted of the partial groups in linear regression models with the coefficient determining R2 Cox, Snell and determine the coefficient R2 Nagelkerke in models of logistic regression and which represent the proportion of variance unexplained variables independent as each model is taken Malay despite differences in the interpretation of variation in each in the case of linear regression the traditional logistic regression. To analyze data pertaining to the phenomenon of accidents and to study factors affecting them by identifying the impact of all variables on the logistic model and the exclusion of important variables in the model study to be reduced to the lowest possible number and composition of a subset of them give information sufficient illustrative of the phenomenon studied.Adopted as the sample (135) of patients coming to emergency Hussein Hospital in Karbala, the holy year, and the information was collected through statistical form included a number of questions to measure a set of variables that affect the fate of an infected person. Was the reason of the person at the scene (business, entertainment, a visit), the cause of the accident (traffic accident, fall from a height, firearms, fire, sharp object, sinking, other), gender, type of injury (bruise, wound, fracture, internal bleeding), the extent of injury (sharp, simple), the place of infection. In
order to determine which variables are more important than others primarily affect the fate of the person that came out an improved or enter the lobby or Log in intensive care Accordingly, the research found that the (fate of the person) is linked (type of injury, the extent of injury) more than others and match the performance of the Criterion Bayesian future(BFC(in the selection of models with the Normalized Maximum Likelihood and that the coefficient R2 Nagelkerke is the best in the interpretation of the model and its value is equal to 79% according logistic model.

Simulation of Strian Rate Effect on the Deep Drawing Force For Dual-Phase Stee

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 135-143

In this work , the effect of strain rate (speed of the punch) on the total force required to draw dual - phase steel blank has been studied.The specimen is prepared from low carbon steel which is quenched by water from annealing temperature of 800 ◦C . Thetotal force is theoretically calculated in terms of two variables,plastic deformation andfriction . The results have shown that the effect of plastic force is more than the friction force over the required total force for the drawing process . It is found that the plastic force forms a percentage of no less than 91% of the total force and the total force increases with increasing the strain rate (speed of the punch) Also, it is found that the best balance between the total force and the time needed for drawing was at strain rate of 3.33*10-4/sec .
Iteration technique,which depend on the finite difference method ,is applied for solving the equation used by dividing the drawing stroke to 50 equal parts . Results have shown that both theoretical and experimental results are in agood agreement .

Statistical and Economical Analysis of Date Tree Productivity In Iraq Of ( 1978 – 2008 ) Duration

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 144-155

Statistical Analysis was achieved by using 1.Parametric Tests , One way ANOVA, and Two way ANOVA. 2. Non Parametric Tests by Kruskal – Wallis H Test to compare the mean productivity for seven kinds of dates which are Zahdi, Khistawi, Dary, Khadrawi, Sayer, Hillawi, and Others in Iraq of ( 1978 – 2008 ) duration , this means it was done thirty one block . The CRBD and CRD designs have the same efficient because the R.E. equal ( 100 % ) . The result indicated there were significant differences among the seven types of dates in their productivity at ( 0.01 ) level of significance . By the LSD test , the best was 1. Zahdi, Khistawi, and Others 2. Dary 3. Khadrawi, Sayer, and Hillawi . The productivity average was 50.81 , 46.1 , 42.21 , 38.17 and 28.8, 27.1. and 25.32 ( Kg/tree ) respectively . The average of all kinds was low in case of comparing it with the productivity average of date tree of Egypt . The important suggestion is to do our best to rise the productivity average by adoption of the useful Iraqi , Arabic , and World experiments and by adoption of Iraqi experts to farm the dates by intensive and extensive agriculture .

The study of some effect on happened rate of diabete mellite, in children in kerbala and Najaf(2010-2011)

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 164-169

This study condected to perform on numbers of children with Diabetes mellitus in age between less than year to more than five year in Karbala and Najaf city for year (2010 – 2011 ), the Total number of state in Karbala for year 2010 was (805) , (435) for boys (370) for girls and the number of state for (2011 ) is ( 888) , ( 459) for boys,(429)for girls . while the number of state in Najaf for gear (2010) was ( 140) state , (78) for boys (62) for girls while the number of state to the same city for year (2011) was (77) state (40) for boys and (37) for girls . The study showed no significant differences between sexual for two city in two years . but study showed significant differences(p≤0.01) in the age facter in all state and the highest state record in the age more than 5 year in Karbala for year 2011 reach to ( 612 . 67± 31.79) twen year 2010 ( 436.00± 17.32 ) in Najaf the highest state record also in the age more than 5 year in the year (2010) then (2011) , (19.00± 5.19 ) and (47.00± 2.30 ) respectively . also showed significant differences in Karbala for two year than Najaf city for child Diabetes infection

Response of fenugreek to foliar application of nitrogen and zinc

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 170-175

The experiment was conducted in greenhouse condition at Biology Department, Collage of Education /Ibn Hathium Baghdad University during 2010-2011 seasons by using plastic pots of 4kgs soil capacity to evaluate the effect of foliar application of nitrogen (0,1000,2000 mg/l) , zinc (0,25,50 mg/l) and their interaction on some elements concentration and yield of fenugreek plant. N, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn elements concentration in the shoot and some yield contents (length, number and weight of pods and weight of seeds)were recorded. The factorial experiment with in random block completely design was adopted means were compared by using L.S.D test. The results from the experiment could by summarized as follows:
1-Application of nitrogen and zinc caused a significant increase in all parameters compared with control treatment.
2-The interaction between nitrogen and zinc increased all parameters where 2000 mg N/l+50mg Zn/l treatment showed the highest influence on the increase of parameters except K and Cu concentration and pod length.

STUDY THE VARIATION OF BIOLOGY OF THE HONEY BEE COLONY OF Apis mellifera L . BY USING MAGNETIC WATER

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 176-182

This study the effect of the magnetic water on the biological of the honey bee in Iraq ,experiments were adopted in the period between February to June 2011 in Kerbala. So we choose six swarms of honey bee Apis mellifera L. (Iraqi strain) which they equal in every thing.
The swarms were divided random’s into two groups. The first group (first treatment) fed with sugar solution (2 sugar: 1 water) (content magnetic water), and the second group (second treatment) fed with sugar solution (Unmagnetic water).
The experiments appear that, the Queen in the first treatment layed eggs by mean number of 789.9 eggs/Q ,infront of the second treatment Queen layed 551.05 eggs/Q .the surveying of the brood ,honey and pollen were recording 1087,1755,83.3 (inch)2 at sequence in the water treatment comparing to 593 , 1116 , 51.4 , (inch)2 at control treatment. The number of the Queen houses recorded 6.46 Q.h / hive in the magnetic water treatment and 3.59 Q.h/ hive in the unmagnetic water treatment.

Effect of added Vitamin C ratio 250mg/liter to drinking water on prodection trails of heberd broiler

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 183-187

This studied aimed to evaluate the effect addition of 250mgL of drinking water on prodection trails of heberd broileron body weight, body weight gain, feed intak and feed conversation .we used sixsty bro- iler (Hiberd)chikense was divided in to :ferst groupa (20 chikense )added vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking water second group(20 chikense )no a dded vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking waterbut vaccinated with
Nucastel and Gamboro disaes vaccine .therd group(20 chikense
not a dded vitamin c 250 mgLin drinking water but vaccinated with Nucastel and Gamboro disaes vaccine the results appear that the first group increased significantin(p≤0.05) body weight,body weight gain and dident effect significantly(p≤0.05) in feed intak and feed conversation the second group recored significant increase (p≤0.05)compaierd withthe thired group. the additions of vitamin Clead to prodection benefit in increased broiler weighta and weight gain, decreased feed intak and effect in feed conversation .

Physiological and epidemiologic study for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Kerbala Al Mukadssa

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 188-194

This study condected to investigates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from January till december 2007 from primary of care chest in Kirbala province , Atotal number collecting 339 (196 male &143 female).the study showed of infection with TB according to the months the higher percentage recorded in April then February reached (0.76,0.75) respectively. Also the affect of sex with infection disease showed high in male compared with female (0.55,0.43)respectively the study showed also active the highest according to another type ofTB (0.85) the study showed relation between age and percentage of infection and found the redy of infection in the age under 34 years old.

Thermal Modeling for Studying Optical System Using Zemax Program

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 195-202

The thermal properties of lenses play an important role in the performance of optical systems. The effects of temperature changes on lens performance are discussed. The comparison between the output results using Zemax and the results obtained from the analytical solution of the equations using by the researchers are performed for describing the change of focal length and the radius of spot energy as a function of temperature depending on the prescription output data from Zemax program for optical glass types using in manufacture process which is contained the following types SK16,SK11 ,F2 , K7 .

Improvement From Additive Noise Removing From Digital Images using Filter mean

journal of kerbala university, 2012, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 231-244

Imaging systems always not give a perfect and ideal images . But , give degraded and noisy images , ( i.e. reduce the image resolution ) .when the parodied images with non , sharp edges . This causes from imaging systems limitation or from using digitized smoothing filters reduce image noise .The important image information contained in the image edge regions .So , when we want to estimate image quality must not be take for all image plane without recognize the important image regions . The most image evaluation criterion not duped mainly on determine the image edge and fine detail quality .But duped on evaluate the global quality for all image plane , or for only the homogenous regions . So that in this study and introduce anew approaches to evaluate image quality by Most image evaluation measurement don’t depend on determining image edges quality and its sharpness , but depend on general evaluation for all image plane , therefore , in this paper we shall examine the image quality by calculate the contrast , entropy , and the mean of error square in the image measurements to evaluate the image goodness and then the efficiency of different processing for digital image .
We depend on effects of image smoothing to remove Gaussian noise by using (average filter mean filter )and determine the amount of blurring in image