ISSN: 1813-0410

Volume 7, Issue 4

Volume 7, Issue 4, Autumn 2011, Page 1-155

Effect of increase thyroid hormone on antioxidant enzymes activity and their related metals in hyperthyroid patients in Basrah Governorate/Iraq.

Murtadah Jaber Alawi; Abbas D.M. AL- Maliki; K. H. Al-Sowdani; Bushra A.M. AL-Salem

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1-8

The maintenance of optimal health requires an adequate supply of carbohydrates, proteins lipids, macronutrients, micronutrients, and trace elements. The present study evaluates the increase of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism) on antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and the levels of zinc, copper and selenium in serum of Iraqi patients with hyperthyroidism .The results showed a significant increase (p≤0.05) in erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in patients as compared with control group. While there is a highly significant decrease (p<0.001) in glutathione peroxidase activity in patients as compared with controls. The levels of zinc and selenium were highly significantly decrease in hyperthyroid patients compared with control with no significant change (p>0.05) in concentration of copper in patients group compared with the control group. The results indicated that hyperthyroidism increased the free radicals due to decreasing the free radicals scavengers.

Preparation of bimetallic catalyst ( Ni –Co )for deep oxidative desulfurization

Jalil R . Ugal; Asmaa H. Hussein

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 9-15

A bimetallic catalyst Ni-Co / γ-Al2O3was prepared by impregnationmethod . Characterizedby atomic absorption (AA) techniqueandXRDdiffraction. Thesurfacearea andpore volume was measuredaccordingthe BETmethod.
Thiscatalyst was used in theoxidative desulfurization of gasoil in the presence of hydrogenperoxide H2O2 30% as an oxidizing agent.
The results indicated that thecatalystwasefficient to remove sulfur from gas oil depending on temperature, hydrogen peroxide H2O2 30 % , solvent used for extraction.
The maximum observed sulfur removal reached 70.44%.

Preparation of zeolite types 4A and 5A from Iraqi kaolin to remove sulfur and water from LPG

Sameer H. Kareem; Jalil R. Ugal; Sahar S. Hassan

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 16-25

In this work the 4A and 5A types of zeolite were prepared from locally available materials and characterized by X-ray diffraction and atomic absorption techniques .The prepared zeolites were used to remove H2S and to dry water from liquefied petroleum gas LPG using adsorption technique. The adsorption was investigated using flow method which was performed in laboratory adsorption unit made from stainless steel. The results obtained from column adsorption process was fitted with the most commonly used model (Adams-Bohart model) to describe adsorption data. Zeolite 5A was the most effective adsorbent for H2S (90% removal) compared with standard zeolites used in the North Oil Company (Beji- Iraq).

Induction of systemic resistance in tomato plants against Fusasium wilt disease by salicylic acid .

Waheed. A.Q; H.H NAWAR; B.A. Abbas; M.I.Abdulla

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 26-33

This study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of salicylic acid as chemical inducer to stimulate tomato plant resistance against Fusarium wilt disease caused by the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarinm oxysporum under laboratory , greenhouse and field conditions. Also, the study was led to select the active concentrations of salicylic acid in inhibition the fungus growth (Fusarium oxysporum) , three concentrations were studied (50,100 and 200) ppm .
The results showed that tomato seed soaked in multi concentrations from salicylic acid led to inhibition the radial growth and the dry weight of biomass and the number of spores of pathogen , 200 ppm concentration showed the best results which recorded 15 mm,0.18g,4.66x106 spore/ cm2as compared to control treatment(0.0 ppm concentration , 43.33 mm , 0.27g, 28.50 x 106 spore / cm2 respectively.
The results of tomato seed treatment with salicylic acid led to a significant increment in percentage of seeds germination, plant height , fresh and dry weight of plant as compared to control treatment under greenhouse conditions . 200 ppm of salicylic acid treatment recorded 94.6%, 54.6 cm, 65.33 g/ plant, 29.0 g / plant respectively , while control treatment recorded 81.6%,42.7 cm,16.3g / plant , 8.4 g/plant respectively .
The results showed that tomato seeds treatment in different concentrations of salicylic acid 50,100,200 ppm gave a significant increment in most tested growth parameters under greenhouse conditions (plant height, root length. no. of leaves /plant , no. of flowers /plant , no. of fruits / plant , average of fruits weight / plant, 200 ppm of salicylic acid treatment significantly increased on the following parameters average which recorded 54.33, 27.33 cm, 14.0 leaves / plant , 11.67 flowers / plant , 3.83 fruits / plant , 62.33 g/ plant ) respectively , while control treatment recorded 42.73, 9.93 cm , 6.97 leaves /plant, 3.10 flowers / plant , 1.20 fruits / plant , 16.33 g / plant respectively.
The results of tomato seedlings treatment with salicylic acid led to increment in most the tested growth parameters under field conditions plant height, root length, no. of branches / plant , no. of fruits / plant , average of fruits weight / plant , fresh and dry weight of plant and disease severity as compared to other treatments .

Some Physiological and Blood Parameters result From Low and High Dose of Radioactive Iodine-131 .

Hisham .M.A.K.Al-Azzawi; Hassan M. Resen; Jameel M.Badi; Mustafa M.Abd Al razak

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 34-41

This study was conducted at Al-Yarmouk teaching hospital / Nuclear Medicine Unit by selection of 10 patients which they have been administered with low doses of radioactive iodine-131I / RAI ( 6-18 mCi) and at Radiotherapy Nuclear Medicine institute by selection of 10 patients that they have been administered with high doses (100-150 mCi) . Both groups of patients were suffered from different thyroid diseases (different thyrotoxicoss and various thyroid carcinoma) .Blood samples were collected to perform two steps of tests ( thyroid hormones, liver enzymes, kidney function and blood picture ) before and after radioactive iodine administration . The values of serum creatinine and urea were shown a significant decreasing level (p≤o.o5) after high and low doses of administration with significant increasing level of serum potassium and sodium at low dose(p≤o.o5) when compared with the same values before RIA administration.
The results obtained shown a significant increasing level(p≤o.o5)of total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, GOT and ALP for high dose and total bilirubin in low dose in a comparison to the control group.
The values of blood components shown a significant increase (p≤o.o5) Total Protein,Globulin and Bas% in high dose and Total Protein, Mon% and Eos% in low dose, also the results obtained shown a significant (p≤o.o5) decreasing levels of Lym% and MCHC in high dose and WBC, Neu#,Lym#,Neu%, MCV, RDW-SD and PLT in low dose when compared with the same value before RIA administration.
The values of thyroid hormones shown a significant increase values (p≤o.o5) of T4 hormone in high and low dose and T3 hormone in low dose with a significant decreasing values (p≤o.o5) of TSH hormone in high and low doses when compared with the same values before RAI administration.

Synthesis and characterization of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd (II) and Hg(II) complexes with new derivative of L-ascorbic acid

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 42-50

Stable new derivative (L) Bis[O,O-2,3;O,O-5,6(carboxylic methyliden)]L-ascorbic acid was synthesized in good yield by the reaction of L-ascorbic acid with dichloroacetic acid with ratio (1:2) in presence of potassium hydroxide. The new (L) was characterized by 1H,13C-NMR, elemental analysis (C,H) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). The complexes of the ligand (L) with metal ion, M+2= (Cu, Co, Ni, Cd and Hg) were synthesized and characterized by FTIR, UV-Visible, Molar conductance, Atomic absorption and the Molar ratio. The analysis evidence showed the binding of the metal ions with (L) through bicarboxylato group manner resulting in six-coordinated metal ion.

A Secure Index for Document Similarity Detection

Ayad Ibrahim Abdulsada

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 51-62

The document similarity detection plays an essential role in many applications such as plagiarism detection, copyright protection, document management, and document searching. However, the current methods do not care to the privacy of the contents of documents outsourced on remote servers. Such limitation reduces the utilization of these methods. For example, plagiarism detection between two conferences should protect the privacy of the submitted papers. In this paper, we consider the problem of privacy-preserving similarity document detection. The proposed scheme allows comparing documents without disclosing them to the untrusted servers. For each document, the fingerprint set is computed. The inverted index is built based on the entire fingerprint set. The index is protected by Paillier cryptosystem before uploading it to the untrusted server. We have developed a secure yet efficient method to rank the retrieved documents. Several experiments are conducted to investigate the performance of the proposed scheme.

Application of the Fuzzy Logic in Content Based Image Retrieval Using Color Feature

Hameed Abdul-Kareem .Younis; Aqeel M. Humadi

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 63-74

Content based image retrieval (CBIR) is a set of techniques for retrieving semantically-relevant images from an image database based on automatically-derived image features. Generally, in CBIR systems, the visual features (color, texture, and shape) are represented at low-level. They are just rigid mathematical measures that can’t deal with the inherent subjectivity and fuzziness of people understandings and perceptions (different people would have different understandings and descriptions of the same visual content). As a result, there is a gap between low-level features and high-level semantics.
To overcome this problem, we introduce a new system of visual features extraction and matching using Fuzzy Logic (FL) which is a powerful tool that deals with reasoning algorithms used to emulate human thinking and decision making in machines.
Specifically, color feature is widely used in content-based image retrieval because of its low computational cost and invariance to scaling, translation, and rotation. The classic system of color histogram creation results in very large three-dimensional histograms with large variations between neighboring bins. Thus, small changes in the image might result in great changes in the histogram. Manipulating and comparing 3-D histograms is a complicated and computationally expensive procedure. To overcome these problems, a new fuzzy system of color histogram creation, based on the L*a*b* color space, is proposed, which links the three components of L*a*b* color space using fuzzy inference system and provides one-dimensional histogram which contains only 15 bins.

Analyzing 6Vs of Big Data using System Dynamics; Alla Talal Yassin allatalal; Eaesha Hamoudy

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 75-83

Big Data is not just about lots of data, it is actually a concept providing an opportunity to find new insight into the existing data as well guidelines to capture and analysis future data. This paper deals with the Big data ideas, which is refers to data sets whose size is beyond the ability of commonly used softeware tools to capture,manage , and process the data within a tolerable elapsed time. In this paper we design a System Dynemic (SD) model for the 6Vs analyzing which is the key characteristics of Big data .finally we illustrate some cost examples for the object.

Pathophysiological consequences of acidaemia and alkalaemia on the biodistribution of a selected group of Technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals.

Jameel M.Badi; Hassan M. Resen; Hisham .M.A.K.Al-Azzawi; Mustafa M.Abd Al razak

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 84-89

Actively induced acidaemia and akalaemia have been achieved in male Swiss albino mice by the intraperitoneal injection of a known dose solutions (10mgkg) of either NH4Cl or NaHCO3 solutions) for 5, 10 and 15 minutes, prior to administration of labeled agents (99mTc-Tin-colloid, 99mTc-DTPA, and99mTc-HIDA). Applied for liver, kidney, and hepatobiliary system radiodiagnosis of treated animal were compared with results of biodistribution data of the control group. The results of biodistribution data of acidaemic animals (blood pH range 6.8-6.9) have shown no significant difference in the liver uptake when99mTc-Tin-colloid applied .Whereas, acidaemic animals have shown a significant(p<0.05) in the renal uptake at 10 mints period ,when injected with 99mTc-DTPA. As well as these animals have shown a significant deferent (p<0.05) in the excretion behavior of 99mTc-HIDA from liver to intestine.
The results had shown a normal biological distribution of three scanning labeled agents in alkalaemic animal (blood pH range 7.7-7.8).

Evaluation of levels Ceruloplasmin, Copper, Zinc, Calcium and Non-Ceruloplasmin_bound Copper in Lung and Liver cancer Patients.

Ryaidh; Sh. Al; Hussain; Saeed; H. Assi; Rafah; R. ismaeel; M. Kadhem; Eman; S. Salman; Ammar

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 90-96

The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between Serum levels of Zinc(Zn), Copper(Cu), calcium(Ca) Ceruloplasmin(Cp),and Non–Ceruloplasmin-Bound Copper (NCC) in lung and liver cancer patient, by used serum of forty male,( 40 – 65 ) years aged were divided into three groups, which included liver cancer patients group composed of ten patients, lung cancer patients group composed of ten patients and twenty healthy or control groups. The results of this study showed significant increase in levels of Ceruloplasmin , copper, calcium and Non-ceruloplasmin _ bound copper in lung cancer and liver cancer groups if compare to control group. The level of Zinc (Zn) was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in patients lung and liver cancer groups if compare to control group.

Theoretical Treatment for Electron Transport throughout Benzene Ring Model

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 97-104

In this paper we present our theoretical treatment for electron transport through benzene ring attached to donor and left lead in the left side, while in the right side it is attached to acceptor and right lead. Our treatment is based on the time-dependent Anderson – Newns Hamiltonian. The equations of motion are derived for all subsystems then the steady state is considered to obtain analytical expression for the transmission probability as a function of system energies. The subsystems eigenvalues, the coupling interaction between them as well as the leads band width all are taken into consideration and highlighted. We concluded that the variation of contact's position of the acceptor with the benzene ring may have great effects on the electronic transport properties of molecular devices because of quantum interference.

Theoretical Studies Of Electron Transport Processes In Metal/Semiconductor Interfaces

Hadi jabbar mujbil Al-Aagealy; Hassooni; Mohsin A

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 105-112

A quantum mechanical description of the dynamics of non-adiabatic electron transfer in metal/semiconductor interfaces can be achieved using simplified models of the system. For this system we can suppose two localized quantum vector states system with a conduction electron state vector l├ φ_D^et 〉 interacting with an acceptor state vector l├ φ_A^et 〉 of electron in band of metal with the interacting described by the coupling matrix element. Expression of rate constant 0f electron transfer for metal/semiconductor system derived upon Green function and quantum model and perturbation theory for transition between l├ φ_D^et 〉 and Iφ_A^et state when the coupling matrix element coefficient smaller than k_B T . The rate of electron transfer evaluated with orientation free energy using aMATLAP program. The calculate of the electron transfer rate constant are compared with experimental results as well as with theoretical results obtained for our mode.

Object Motion Simulation in Two Dimension Using Digital Image

Ghaidaa A. Hafedh Jaber; Nashwan Maytham Hameed

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 113-119

In this research, we have been simulated the motion of an object according to the Newton's linear motion equations in two dimensions.
This simulation are building with software Visual Basic language (version 6) which is studying the movement of this object in sequence frames, and calculate the instantaneous velocity and kinetic energy at any point in the course of the object using digital color images with some initial conditions as a velocity in x-axis and y-axis, linear acceleration in x-axis and y-axis.
Used color digital images of type (bmp) and (RGB) color model in the simulation for easy handling them, after determining the center of the image on the x-axis, and y-axis and tracking movement on the basis of the center, and the results were expected to conform to the movement of the body.

Joint regression analysis for heat tolerant rice genotypes cultivated in different nursery

Fawzi Z. Azzo; Abd Al-Jalel R. Abod; Thamer A. Suod; Abd Al-Karem H. Kadim; Muhamad H. Hamed; Ather A. Ismaiul

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 120-125

The experiment was conducted to evaluate 54 heat tolerance rice genotypes at Multi-locations including 9 locations in 8 countries (China, Republic of Korea, Philippines, Thailand, Egypt, Senegal, Iraq and besides tow location in India). The target of this study was to select promising genotypes that could have highest grain yields (t/ha) and early maturity and stable by using joint regression analysis (JRA). The Results showed that there were significant differences in flowering date and grain yield (t/ha) characters among genotypes and locations at (0.05). 29 Genotypes superiority in grain yield (t/ha) for nine environment and 11 of 29 genotypes showed their superiority in Iraqi environment. Joint Regression Analysis (JRA) show that 6 genotypes of 11 genotypes which superiority in grain yields (t/ha) have medium stable in Iraqi environment.

Evaluate the efficiency of two water treatment plants of drinking water in City of Kerbala - Kerbala Governance – Iraq

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1-9

The study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of two water treatment plants of drinking water in City of Kerbala as a model for the purification stations in Kerbala City- Province of Kerbala, and from December 2012 to May 2013,Many physio-chemical properties factors affecting water quality such as temperature, turbidity, conductivity EC, pH, dissolved Oxygen DO, biological demand oxygen BOD5, total dissolved substances TDS, total hardness, TH, nitrate NO3, phosphate PO4, sulphate SO4, Calisum Ca, magnesium Mg, potassium K, sodium Na and residual chlorine Cl. Also biological factors which included bacterial indicators for water pollution (total Coliform, fecal Coliform, fecal streptococci, Escherichia coli). Samples were collected monthly from six stations are H1,H2,H3, and R1,R2,R3 which represents source processing of crude water, sedimentation basin , basins final stages after chlorination in Al-Husain and Al- Hur water plant respectively.
The results showed the presence of fluctuation in most of the properties studied in both treatment plants, as well as the presence of greater numbers of bacteria than permissible limit environmentally counting months, indicating a defect in the purification process.

Laboratory Studying of the Fecundity Schedules for Neochetina bruchi (Hustache) [Coleoptera : Curculionidae] under the Lab . conditions and the Possibilities of its Use Against Waterhyacinth in Iraq .

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 10-16

Fecundity schedules results of Neochetina bruchi ( Hustache ) indicated that the highest reproductive rate was 132.2 eggs / female at 25 °C while it was 106.4 and 110.8 eggs / female at 20 and 30 °C successively and expectant reproductive was 29.27,50.23 and41.73 eggs at 20 ,25 and 30 °C successively .while the temperatures 15 and 35°C were appeared to be lethal. Furthermore ,the results also showed that the highest net reproductive rate ( Ro ) was 50.23 female /female / generation at 25 °C while it was 29.27 and 41.73 female /female / generation at 20 and 30 °C, moreover the highest mean generation time ( T ) was 80.84 days at 20 °C while the lowest mean generation time ( T ) was 98.30 days at 25 °C. Results also revealed that the highest rate of intrinsic increase in population ( rm ) was 0.046 female / female /day at 30 °C while it was 0.034 and 0.045 female / female /day at 20 and 25 °C successively

Reduction of mortality rate of broiler chicks by probiotic prepared with Lactic acid bacteria "Lactobacilli"

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 17-22

The study aimed to determine the effect of probiotic prepared by lactic acid bacteria. Three strains of lactic acid bacteria were tested in terms of acid production efficiency and survival rate in acidity of the medium and resistant to bile salts.
Bio-chemical tests showed that strain Lact.19435 was the highest in the lactic acid production ratio up to 1.5 % percentage of survival rate at pH 2.5 after 3 hours of incubation, and characterized also by being more studied strains resistant to bile salts where the percentage of living cells 3.6 % at 0.3 % concentration Yellow salts.
Lact.19435 was elected to preparation probiotic for chicken meat according its good characteristics. Prepared probiotic added to drinking water of poultry at concentrations 50, 75, 100 and 125 g / liter. Results of the experiment field showed that treatments enhanced with probiotics have significant differences compared to control treatment on the inhibition of coli form counts in the intestines of chickens after slaughter, as the results showed no significant differences between the concentrations of enhanced 100 and 125 g / L added to drinking water. The results found an increase in the weight of slaughtered chicken, and decrease in mortality rate compared with the control treatment (without the addition of any probiotic) and the other probiotics concentration.

Evaluate The Efficiency of Treatment Using Magnetic Technical in Reducing Bacterial Contamination in Drinking Water Reservoirs

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 23-30

The study used magnetic water treatment to reduce bacterial contamination in drinking water tanks. Experiments was carried out using magnetic device with field intensity of (1000,1500,3000) Gauss. The devise was connected to one of the two plastic tanks used in this work. The tanks were connected to the same water source for three months. Water samples for both tanks were examined. The results indicated that a total bacterial count of (47 cuf /ml) in the control tank in comparison to the treated tank where the total bacterial count was (3 cuf /ml). and the transaction was severely 3000 Gauss is the most appropriate treatment in terms of the proportion of 95% removal. And also been studying some of the variables physicochemical such as color, smell , pH, turbidity and temperature. Through the foregoing results showed that bacterial contamination in the tank treatment was significantly reduced and not the survival of bacterial contamination in the reservoir show the intensity of magnetic (3000) Gauss, There were clear differences between results from both tanks indicating a successful physical treatment to reduce pollution in drinking water tanks

(Van der linden,1825)External Morphological Study of Selysiothemisnigra (Odonata :Libellulidae)

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 31-41

External Morphological study of Selysiothemisnigra (Van der linden) of family : Libellulidae from suborder Anisoptera of the order Odonata which were collected from Baghdad (Jadiriya) the month of April 2011, and Basra in June 2012.
Such study was included : Detailed description of most body parts (Head, Thorax,Abdomen and their appendages), with special regard to male genitalia.
Key words:Anisoptera,Libellulidae,Selysiothemis

Correlation between T-lymphocytes cytokines level and immune response to hepatitis B virus vaccine

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 42-49

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem and its outcome depends on the kinetics of the virus host interaction and in particular on the strength of the immune response.
This study was done to illustrate some immunological in vaccinees and effectiveness of HBV vaccine in vaccinees groups . This study was conducted from September , 2011 to October, 2012. ELISA assay was used for detection of hepatitis B virus surface antigen as well as anti hepatitis B-core antigen . This study was also include measurement of anti- HBsAg level to detect the immune response in vaccinees . It was found that significant differences in the antibodies levels according to post vaccination periods and the highest antibodies level in male and female was reached after 90 days post 3rd dose of vaccination , it was 124.85 mIU/ml and 155.94 mIU/ml in male and female respectively. There was also significant differences in ( IL-4 and INF-α ) cytokines it was found that the highest level of IL-4was 12.95pg/ml and 13.23pg/ml in male and female respectively 90 days post 3rd dose of vaccination. On the other hand the highest level of IFN-α was reached 12.60pg/ml in male which was detected 60 days post 3rd dose of vaccination. Whereas it highest level in female was reached to 15.60pg/ml was detected 90 days post 3rd dose of vaccination .

The Effect of Potassium ,Gibberellic Acid and their Interactionon Yeild , Protein content and Active Ingredient of Roselle Plant (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 50-58

This study was conducted at Al-Bargah district (30)Km North East Kerbala city from the period from 2nd ,March till 12th ,October ,2012.The aim of this study was to assess the effect of three levels of Potassium (i.e. 0.5 , 1.0 and 2.0)g/pot , that calculated at average 75 Kg/ Don area , four concentrations of Gibberellic acid ( i.e. 0 , 50 , 100 and 150 ) mg/L and their interaction on Root growth parameters of roselle plant (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). The treatments were applied twice ,at 4-6 true leaf stage and at the flowering stage. A Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.)with three replicates was adopted. Means of treatments were compared using Least Significant Difference (L.S.D.) at 0.05 probability level.
Results could summarized as follow.
1-Increasing potassium levels significantly increased fruits number , fresh and dry weights offruits, protein content in roots and leaves and ( Anthocyanins, Dilphinnidin-3-glucose,Gossypetine ,Sabdaretine Hibiscetine) While Not effect with increase Potassium levels.
2- Results revealed that , 50 mg/L GA3 caused an fruits number , fresh and dry weights of fruits, protein content in roots and leavesand (Gossypetine ,Sabdaretine Hibiscetine) .While 100 mg/L increase in( Dilphinnidin-3-glucose) While 150mg/L increase in(Anthocyanins).
3-The interaction between K and GA3 revealed that , the treatment of 2.0 g K and 50 mg/L GA3increased fresh and dry weights of fruitsand protein content in roots .While fruits number andprotein content in leaves not affected.

Assessment of Ground Level Ozone Concentrations in AL-Quads Power plant (2,3) Northeast of Baghdad

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 69-76

Ground ozone is one of the secondary pollutants present in the surrounding air. This pollutant is formed by complex reactions between different types of other pollutants and dose not emerge by it 's own . The research aims to evaluate the levels of Ground ozone concentrations inside Al-Quads electric power plant which is considered a pollution point source and compare those concentrations with the international allowable limits which is set by the World Health Organization (WHO),the research also aims to determinant it's effects on the workers health in the power plant.
Different locations were selected inside the complex which includes two measuring stations AL-Quads 2 and AL-Quads 3. Weather conditions were recorded especially those parameters that have considerable effects in ground ozone formation and distribution such as temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction. The periodically measurements to calculate the rate of ground ozone concentrations inside the complex for all the generation units location during the research period. The results showed the highest concentrations were recorded at AL-Quads 2 (78.75 ppb) which is near the unit 9 locations ,this value exceeds the international allowable limits (75 ppb). But other readings were below the allowable maximum limits (67.5 ppb) at AL-Quads 3 near unit 11 .
From the research results obtained it was noticed that the rate Ground ozone concentrations measured levies inside the complex exceeded the allowable limits in AL-Quads 2 meanwhile at AL-Quads 3 the readings were below the allowable limits during the research period .This gives an indication that the increase concentrations of (NOx, VOC) emitted from these locations with high temperatures, that lead Ground ozone concentrations increase.

Isolation of extracellular phytase producing Bacillus species from local soil samples

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 77-82

Phytate is considered as one of the antinutritional factors exist mainly in different plants; it chelates many nutrition factors and denaturing many proteins. Recent research dealed with the isolation of extracellular phytase producing Bacillus species from local soil samples; the effect of phytase on different sources of phytate. Twenty five bacterial isolates of Bacillus species produced extracellular phytase on pikovaskaya agar or phytase screening medium( PSM). The clear zone around bacterial growth indicated for enzyme production. Soil samples were collected from many agricultural region includes Baghdad, Karballa, Babylon, Basrah, Emarah and al- Sulaimania. Five bacterial isolates had the ability to digest phytate extracted from different sources such as wheat bran, barly, rice bran, chick bea, mung bean, grass bea and phasolias. Other bacterial isolates could digest some of phytate sources. Extracellular phytase activity were determined at different pHs buffer for five chosen isolates using sodium phytate. Enzyme activity reached to 23 and 22.7 unit/ml for Bacillus KP9.1 and Bacillus KA7 at pH 6 buffer; different activities were seen for other isolates at pHs used. No activity detected at the pH7 for all tested isolates.

Effect of adding some organic fertilizers on some nutrients and hormones content of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) leaves

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 93-99

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of eleven treatments of organic fertilizer as well as chemical recommending fertilizer and control without fertilizer. It included adding poultry manure, cattle manure, granular humus and foliage with humic acid, seaweed extract and some combinations on broad bean leaves content of some nutrients . It was carried out at the farm of Agric. Coll. Babylon in 2012/2013 growth season as a simple experiment according to Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications . The results could be summarized as follows:
All fertilization treatments caused a significant increase in nitrogen concentration in leaves compared to control. Poultry and cattle manure, humus and chemical fertilizer caused a significant increase in leaves P concentration compared to control. All treatments (except seaweed extract ) significantly increased K concentration in leaves compared to control. Adding poultry or cattle manure , whether alone or with humic acid were significantly superior on chemical fertilizer in increasing K. While all transactions ( except poultry manure) had no significant effect on Na concentration in leaves compared to control. Most organic treatments and the chemical fertilizer caused increases in leaves Ca concentration compared to control treatment.

Assessment the resulting trace elements from the local generator exhaust in Baghdad Province- Iraq

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 100-105

The current study was conducted in order to identify the level of some heavy metals hazardous to the public health of the population resulting from the solid residue
resulting from the combustion of diesel fuel and gasoline generators are heavily used in the city of Baghdad and the extent of its contribution to the city's air pollution. Samples have been chemically manner incineration and using the technique of atomic spectrometer was detected concentrations of heavy metals.
The results showed the presence of six elements of the heavy task of environmentally (V, Cd, Cr, Pb. Zn, Mn, T) and concentrations influential, according to measurements by WHO and the Organization of the environment , ranging general rates have between (2.1-10.2 ) and (1.2-8.5 ) part per million (ppm) for residues resulting from generators that use jazz and gasoline , respectively.

Comparative study of some chemical and physical properties of fungi filterates isolated from sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.)de Bary and Trichoderma harzianum.

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 106-115

Series of lab. Experiments were conducted in the laboratories of Biol. Dept.College of Education for pure Science ,Kerbala University . Some Chemical and physical properties of fungi filtrates isolated from sclerotia represented by Aspergillus niger , A. terreus and Penicillium sp. and Trichoderma. harzianum filtrate were studied . Results revealed variated numbers of Rf ranged between 0.06 and 0.91 in addition to the variation in the number of spots on TLC plates.Extracts pH which tend to the acidity was also studied . The study showed a presence of some active chemicals compounds as alkaloids and the absence of some chemical compounds such as Flavonoids

Periodic cleaning effect on the output power of solar panels

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 116-122

Deposition of airborne dust on outdoor photovoltaic (PV) modules may decrease the transmittance of solar cell glazing and cause a significant degradation of generated power from solar panel by certain percentage, according to the impact of the amount of dust and the factors associated with it and which form a strong relationship are interrelated with each one (the proportion of the accumulation of dust , inclination angles, exposure time, the climatic conditions of the site, wind speed, and dustproperties). In this practical field study, an experimental-based investigation is conducted in order to compare the energy performance of four identical PV-panels with 20 watt power; one cleaned daily, one cleaned weekly, one cleaned monthlyand one subjected to the influence of the accumulation of dust, by using Solmetric PV Analyzer for a period of time (30/10/2012 to 30/04/2013). and then calculating relative conversion efficiency (E) to three panels. According to the practical results obtained appeared that there is a significant decrease in the relative conversion efficiency which was ( 7.9%, 20%, 27%) for the weekly cleaned, monthly cleaned andseasonally cleaned panels respectively relative to daily cleaned panel and the reduction in average performance factor was ( 5.7 , 12.6 ,17.2 ) for weekly cleaned, monthly cleaned and seasonally cleaned panels respectively.

Designing and evaluation of solar furnace

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 123-133

In this research, we have designed and evaluated the solar furnace that used to melt metals by using paraboloid dish concentrator to focus solar radiation. The diameter and depth of dish are (1.6 m) and (0.2 m) respectively while the crucible made of graphite as a receiver where placed metals inside it .Two axes system has been used to track the movement of the sun manually.
The highest temperature recorded inside the crucible was (534o C) . It was melting the materials of lead and zinc. Also studied the effect of wind speed and intensity of solar radiation on the melting process where he found that the melting time increases with increasing wind speed which cause the increasing in convection losses, and decrease with increasing the intensity of solar radiation

Adding hydrazine to pigments to prevent corrosion of ferrous alloys

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 134-139

Exposed pigments to the phenomenon of glaciation when leaving cans open to the atmosphere for a relatively short period and shorten this period when dyeing process due to shake paint brush and enter the air that cause icing because oxidation leading to damage the top layer of paint and that must be removed. Causing this layer many problems during dyeing process as it loss in production, and suffer establishments employing dyeing immersion of this phenomenon is the phenomenon of sedimentation pigment in the case of storage long so it becomes difficult melted and blended. as the porosity that leave after dye part be a source of corrosion and the formation of rust, for ease of access of water and air to the metal surface so the idea of using chemicals proportions few to control the problems above, using material Hydrazine water (N2H4.H2O) by mass 0.25% results were good for the dye iron oxide red dye Alalekada enamel. As for dye lead oxide red, the material Hydrazine For gravimetric mentioned can not protect pigment of icing for a long time (one day) because attacking the dye by hydrazine, in the case of increasing the proportion of Hydrazine to 0.5%, this leads to severe reaction editor nitrogen so you can not close the lids cans due to the pressure of this gas on it .

Assessment of Flouride concentrations in surface water from selected regions in Baghdad city and their effective on society

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 140-147

The Tigris River is the main source of drinking water in the city of Baghdad , now this river suffers from excessive exposure to the pollution for several causes including: industrial waste that arise directly without processing , as well as waste treatment plants sewage Al-Rustumiya and Al-Dorah, that their waste up to the river without treatment in some cases, as well as the limited capacity of these projects and not coverage to the requirements of the Baghdad city. The research aims to estimate the concentration of fluoride ions in the surface water and determine the percentage in the waters of the Tigris River and drinking water in minutes in addition to determine water quality by measuring the physical and chemical properties of the water, and through the results obtained are determine the health effects on society.
Where the collected samples of water from the Tigris river and drinking water from different parts of the Baghdad city to measure the ion concentration of fluoride in plastic containers one-liter made of polyethylene, has been collecting samples Tigris River from the first point of entry into the Baghdad city in the arm of the Tigris and until arrival at the end of the track and its junction with the River Diyala, either drinking water were collected from areas Al-Amael , Ghazaliya, Baiya, Adhamiya, the Diyala Bridge, Al-Dorah, Karrada, Mansour, Al-Bealedate and Al-Shaube city's , was conducted measurements using a Ion Selective in measuring the concentration of ions fluoride to water, using the electrode fluoride, and fluorine standard solutions for the calibration process. The results showed that the fluoride ion concentrations in the waters of the Tigris River ranged from 0.041-0.025 (ppm) and the highest concentration of fluoride at the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala River.

Identification the Carcinogenic Organic Pollutants in Tigris River in Baghdad City

journal of kerbala university, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 148-155

The detection of organic pollutants in the water are taking large portion of modern environmental researches, and water pollution depends on the transmission and spread factors of these contaminants from the sources (oil wells, different factories , oil refineries, power plants and sewage, etc.). The permissible limit of concentration of these compounds in water has been identified by the different service and health organizations. The WHO and British Health Organization put the maximum concentration of six PAHs compounds in drinking water a 0.2 μg / L.
In this research we are identification the quality of organic pollutants in the waters of the Tigris River in the Baghdad city, whether the aliphatic cyclic compounds such as (2,3 cyclododecene), the Aromatic compound (benzene, pyridine, phenols), and poly aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs , using the GC Mass, It was a process of taken samples of water from entering the Tigris River to the Baghdad city in the Al-Taji area, Al-Chriat, Al-Kadhimiya, Al-Adhamiya, Al-Sarafiya, Bab Al-Shraqi, Al-Jadriea, Al-Massbah, Al-Zaafaraniya after south Baghdad power station, Al-Zafaraniyah (after food industries factory) and to the point it confluence with Diyala River.
We are note that the Al-Massbah area (opposite to Doura Refinery) is the more areas which found the aliphatic cyclic compounds, substitutes benzene and phenols compounds, as well as a lot of pyridine, pyrrolidine, quinoline and some types of polycyclic such as naphthalene , anthracene, fluorine, indene, in addition the phallic acid compounds that substitutes by benzene rings.