ISSN: 1813-0410

Volume 5, Issue 4

Volume 5, Issue 4, Autumn 2009, Page 1-259


Effects of Trigonella foenum – graecum seed powder on emergence and some early growth parameters of Zea mays ( corn) and Ficia faba (broad bean)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 173-181

An experiment was conducted in the green house belonging to Biology
Department / college of science / kufa university for the period from 1 / 11 / 2009 till 15 / 12 / 2009 to assess the effect of addition of dried seed powder of fenugreek at the concentrations of (10 , 20 , 30 , 40 g / kg) of soil besides control treatment on emergence and some growth parameters of corn and broad bean after 14 and 45 day-old, the results show that :-
1- corn plants produced higher parameters values of shoot length , leaf number and leaf area , chlorophyll content as compared with broad bean .
2- plants of 45 day – old show higher values of leaf number and area , shoot length and fresh weight , chlorophyll content than plants of 14 day –old for both studied plants.
3- concentrations of 30 and 40 g / kg of soil reduced plants length , fresh weight of shoot , leaf number and leaf area while there was a stimulation at concentration of 10 in leaf number and area , shoot length as compared to control treatment .
4- some growth parameters were stimulated only at concentration of 10 for 14 day - old while other 45 day – old pants stimulated at concentration of 10 , 20 , 30 .
5- increase concentration reduced dry , fresh and length of broad bean roots and root elongation of corn at 45 day - old , also there was no development of radical or plumule in broad bean at concentrations of 30 and 40 gm / kg of soil.

Kienetic study of adsorptions cations of Ni+2, Co+2 and Fe+3 on the surfaces of amorphous Titanium phosphate

W.N. Mohammad; S.M. Haddawi; Abbas M. Bashi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 79-84

Systematic study of kinetic of adsorption of the aqueous solutions of Ni+2, Co+2, Fe+3 and Fe cations the surfaces of prepared amorphous titanium phosphate using the first and second order model from the lagrengren equation. Interparticl diffusions was fitted to show the effect of porosity on the rate of adsorption .

Caries experience in relation to the tea consumption and salivary parameters among the smokers and non-smokers patients

Hawraa Khalid Aziz

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 70-78

This study was conducted to evaluate the caries experience, saliva pH, salivary flow rate and tea consumption in smokers and non-smokers patients.
The samples were composed of 60 subjects divided into two main groups 30 male for non- smokers and other 30 male for smokers. They asked about smoking behaviors, the dietary habits including frequency of tea consumption per day and the quantity of the sugar intake, and oral health behaviors for both groups. The dental caries was assessed using DMFT index and the saliva pH and the salivary flow rate were measured. Student t -Test and correlation coefficient were used for statistical comparisons.
The results indicated that the DMFT and the salivary flow rate were decreased with exception that there was no significant difference between saliva pH between the smokers and non-smokers groups. In addition to the frequency of tea consumption was higher in smokers than in non-smokers and with increased frequency of tea consumption the DMFT decreased. The conclusion of this study indicated the long term use of the tobacco smoking affects the dental caries and the salivary flow rate but does not affect on the saliva pH. It is possible to increase the frequency of tea consumption but with less amount or free from sugar.

The use of defat soybean flour in production of Iraqi dough bread

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 82-87

The possibility of Iraqi dough bread production from a mixture of soybean and wheat flour was studied. The ratios of 25%, 50% and 75% of soybean flour were adopted, represented by A, B and C respectively in addition to the control treatment (i.e. 0%) represented by R. the percentages of protein, moisture, ash and gluten were determined. Farinograph apparatus was used in the determination of water absorption percent, arrival time, dough development time and stability. Iraqi dough bread method was applied and the diameter and thickness of the bread were measured. Quality elements were evaluated using panel test by ten referees.
Results appeared an increase in the protein and ash percentage, water absorption, arrival time and thickness of the bread as soybean flour per cent increased. On the other hand, the diameter, moisture per cent, gluten, dough development time and stability were decreased as compared with the control treatment. Statistical analysis revealed no significant effect at p<0.01 due to the treatments on the remaining characteristics (i.e. the color of the upper and the lower surfaces, odor, test, chewing, and the shape). It could be concluded that, it would be possible to produce Iraqi dough bread using 25% soybean flour with acceptable properties without using any enhancements.

Prevalence OF DENTAL CARIES IN 15 YEARS OLDSTUDENTS IN Al-NAJAF city

Qasim Hadi Al-Waeli; Muhsin Hamza Khamis

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 112-114

This survey was conducted on school students in Al-Najaf city. The aim was to detect the prevalence of dental caries at 15 years old students in Al-Najaf schools.a Random sample (504) students of both genders from urban was taken and examined according to the (WHO) survey methods. The results revealed the prevalence of dental caries in male urban, the caries rate was 43.1% and caries free is 56.9% while the caries rate in females is 38.3% and caries free is 61.7%. According to the (WHO) criteria the caries rate for male and female is low .Educational, preventive and therapeutic school dental programs are recommended

Scientific and Empirical Study of Landfill of Municipal Waste

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 193-198

This study is explaining the scientific and practical methods that can be adopted to landfill municipal solid waste (MSW), of which constitutes a threat to the environment, public health and eventually representing in itself a burden for the local authorities who are responsible to protect the environment and the society from such pollutant and its adverse consequences on air, water and soil.
The research elaborates the techniques deployed that have advantages not only in protecting our environment but also in the economical aspects. Its return include producing energy by applying simple and cost effective technology to extract methane gas from biodegradable municipal solid waste, so saving energy and avoiding environmental pollution and its health hazards.
Methods and diagrams to be introduced to landfill of municipal solid wastes were shown clearly, added to that the means to transporting and then landfill municipal solid waste

The association between periodontal disease and job stress in Baghdad city

Khalid Talib Bandar

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 47-57

Introduction: Epidemiological studies have shown that periodontitis does not affect all subjects in the population in a similar way, some individuals present risk condition that make them more susceptible to develop periodontal disease. The association between stress factors and periodontal disease have been examined in several studies.
Aim of the study: to evaluate the association between periodontal clinical parameters and job stress in Baghdad city.

Material and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at my private clinic, the study population was consisted of 64 patients of both genders with ages ranging from 23 to 65 years. The patients were asked to answer self –administered questionnaire and to undergo periodontal examination. To estimate job stress, a questionnaire based on the life events scale was used, The parameters used in the periodontal assessment were plaque index, gingival index , probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing and clinical attachment level.

Result: A statistically significant difference was found between stress and control group in probing pocket depth. Plaque index , gingival index , bleeding on probing and clinical attachment level was also higher in stress group but it is not statistically significant.

Conclusion: , the prevalence of periodontal disease in subjects who felt job stress was higher than that in subjects without such stress.

Analysis of Donum Productivity Of Wheat yield In IraqOf ( 1986 – 2003 ) Duration

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 72-81

Analysis of variance had been achieved by using Completely Randomized Blocks Design to compare the donum productivity of harvested land of irrigated and rained regions in Iraq of ( 1986 – 2003 ) duration , this means it was done eighteen blocks . The result indicated there were significant differences between the two regions in their productivity at ( 0.01 ) and ( 0.05 ) level of significance.The productivity average of irrigated area were equaled (1324.8) kg/ha but the productivity average of rained area equalled (767.7) kg/ha of the same duration , so the irrigated area was better . But the average of both regions was (1073.2) kg/ha. This average consider low in case of comparing it with the productivity average of agricultural land of the world countries.The important suggestion is to do our best to rise the productivity average by adoption of the useful world experiments and by adoption of Iraqi experts to farm the wheat by intensive and extensive agriculture .

Effect of different levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus and their interactions in some growth characteristics of fenugreek plant(Trigonellafoenur graecum L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 15-23

An experiment was conducted inside greenhouse of the Department of Biology - Faculty of Education, Ibn al-Haitham - University of Baghdad during the agricultural season 2008-2009. Fenugreek seeds ( Indian production) was cultivated in pots with 5 kg capacity. Nitrogen was used in three levels (0.25, 0.50, 1.00) g/pot, equivalent to (46, 92, 184) kg nitrogen /ha, in addition to the control treatment which left without fertilizer and urea used as a source of Nitrogen. Phosphorus fertilizer with two levels (0.25 and 0.50) g/pot was used, which equivalents (21, 42) kg phosphorus/ha, in addition to the control treatment and Superphosphate was used as a source of phosphorus. The aim was to know their influence on some morphological characteristics of fenugreek plant. The experiment was designed as a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications, so that the experiment included 36 pots. The results of the experiment showed that 400 kg urea/ha and 200 kg superphosphate/ha in gave the highest values of the characteristics studied. These are plant height, absolute growth rate, dry weight and the efficiency of fertilizer compared to other levels of both fertilizers .

The Combination effects of Lectin extracted from mushroom Agaricus bisporus and Chemotherapy by Doxorubicin and Mytomycin-C in Cytotoxicity on some tumor cells in vitro

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 101-112

The objective of this study was the extraction of Lectin from mushroom Agaricus bisporus (ABL) and concentrated using precipitation in Ammonium sulfate from 25-70% saturation, followed by dialysis against distilled water and PBS, and lyophilized. The cytotoxic effect of five concentration from 312.5-5000 µg/ml of ABL were studied in cytotoxicity assay ( in vitro ) of two tumor cell lines, Human epithelial cell carcinoma of larynx (Hep-2) and Murine mammary gland carcinoma (AMN3) at different exposure times 24, 48 and 72hr. The results revealed high significant differences (P ≤ 0.001) in inhibition rate (IR) of Hep-2 and AMN-3 dependent on Lectin concentration and exposure times, IR were the higher in Hep-2 at 2500 and 5000 µg/ml of Agaricus bisporus lectin (ABL) 24.5 %, 37.5% , and 37.79% , 54.72% in AMN-3 after exposure to 48 hours. The determination of apoptotic cells of Hep-2 and AMN-3 at at the highest concentration (5000) µg/ml ABL revealed significant apoptotic effect in each of (Hep-2) cell line 75.14% and (AMN3) cell line 82.6% in comparison with those of non treated (11.35, 10.82%).
The combination effects of ABL ranged from 10-60 µg/ml with drugs Doxorubicin ( DOX) and Mytomycin-C ( MMC) caused increasing in Cytotoxic effect of DOX to 2.44 time in Hep-2 pretreated with 40 µg/ml ABL and 10 µg/ml DOX and 1.5 time in AMN3 pretreated with 40 µg/ml ABL and 15 µg/ml DOX. But there were no positive effects in Cytotoxicity of MMC on Hep-2 pretreated with ABL, while Cytotoxic effect was increased 2.79 time in AMN-3 cells pretreated with ABL 40 µg/ml and 5 µg/ml MMC.

Chemical , Ecological and Pallinological distribution study of species Amaranthus caudatus L. (Amaranthaceae ) in Iraq .

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 152-160

The study was carried out in plant laboratory – Department of Biology , College of Science , Kufa University . The study aimed to determined the chemical content of plant parts( Root ,Leaves, Stems and Flowers ) of genus Amaranthus caudatus L.The results explained that there are Sixe chemical compounds which were differ in their color and Rf . The first and second compounds were found in root where some color was violet and yellow .The three Compound Was found in the stem. The leaves had two chemical compounds (4,5) and their colors were clear violet while the sixth compound appeared in flower extract , with different Rf . and the color . the study of ecology showed that the species Amaranthus caudatus L. grew at different soil types such as sand , stone and desert . In concern to the distribution study of this genus indicate that it has been found in ten region of Iraq . Pollen grains of Species Caudatus were found to be Dicolporeat and smooth surface with a little Taxonomic value.

EFFECTS OF TEUCRIUM POLIUM L. LEAVES EXTRACT ON SOME METABOLIC IN BLOOD OF RATS.

Morug S. AL-Rubee; Ibraheem S. AL. Juboree

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 178-182

Albino male rats ingested orally with boiled extract of leaves Teucrium polium L. plant powder in concentration of 100,200,300,400 and 500 mg/ml per rat two hours after dissolved in distilled water. Significant decrease was found in blood glucose of about 60% relative to control value. No change was found in the level of blood cholesterol but a signification decrease in total blood lipids of about 90% and a significant decrease in the activity of acetyl choline esterase of about 40%were found.
It is suggested that Teucrium polium L. leaves contain factor(s) of hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects.

The Plasma Radiation Power Losses in Toroidal Fusion Reactors

Ali Abdul Ameer Rashead

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 1-9

In this work we calculate the radiation power losses as a function of temperature (T) and as a function of density (ne). The radiation losses strongly influence the fusion power density and attainability of ignition. Radiation power loss include recombination radiation (PR), bremsstrahlung radiation (PB), line radiation (PL), and cyclotron radiation (PC) for plasma in toroidal fusion reactors. We do these calculation because the radiation power losses decrease the net power we get from fusion reactors and losing the plasma particles so we must determine these losses to understanding how can we reduced these losses to increase the net fusion reactors power through confining the plasma particles as long as possible .

Effect Some Factors on the Maximum Practical and Theoretical Values of Efficiency of the Silicon Solar Cells

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 24-34

In this research, effect of wavelength, intensity of light and temperature factors on the output parameters of the silicon solar cell(short circuit current, open circuit voltage, filling factor) were studied. The results indicate that the maximum practical value of efficiency by the effect of wavelength factor was equal (15.479%) at wavelength (587nm)(yellow color) and light intensity(100W/m2) and temperature (296.5K).The maximum theoretical value of the efficiency was (79.533%) at the wavelength (452nm) (blue color) and light intensity (100W/m2) and temperature (296.5K) using a program in Visual –Basic language.
The maximum practical value of efficiency by the effect of intensity factor was equal (22.214%) at wavelength (509nm) (green color),and light intensity (600W/m2)and temperature (296.5K). The maximum theoretical value of the efficiency at the same conditions was equal (32.421%)by using the same program. Also the results appeared that the maximum theoretical value of the efficiency at the same conditions was equal (24.618%) using the program.

Effect of cultivar and phosphorous fertilization on growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 210-214

An experiment was conducted during the growing season of 2008 in experimental field of Agric. College, AL-Hussienyia area to test the effect of two okra cultivars (Batra and Clemson-spineless) and five levels of phosphorous fertilization (0 , 20 , 30 , 40 and 50 kg P2O5 Donum) on growth and yield of okra. The layout of experiment was R.C.B.D. in Split Plot with three replicates and the comparison was done using L.S.D at 5% level of significance. results showed that (Batra cv.) and highest levels of phosphate fertilizer (40 and 50 kg P2O5 Donum) had significantly affected plant height, branches, leaf no., leaf area, pods no., early yield and total yield. Interaction effects showed a significant effect on branches, leaf area and total yield. Maximum total yield (4.0 Ton/Donum) was obtained from interaction between (Batra cv.) and (40 kg P2O5 Donum).

Evaluation of the tensile strength of heat –cured acrylic resin reinforced by stainless steel wire (A comparative study)

Zena Jehad Al-Neami; a Mahdi Al-Musawi; Raja; Akhlas Zeid Abood

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 99-105

The fracture of acrylic resin denture base was a popular problem in the prosthodontic work.
In the present study (20) specimens were prepared and divided into (2) groups (10) specimens for heat-cure acrylic resin denture base with out stainless steel wire as a control group, others (10) specimens for heat-cure acrylic with stainless steel wire. Then we examined the tensile strength for each specimen.
From the results obtained, the tensile strength for specimens with metal wire was high significant differences when compared with the specimens with out stainless wire.

Eigen value and eigen function for electron in magnetic field using relativistic quantum mechanics

Abbas Ahmed Ali

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 115-122

We have studied the motion of electron in electromagnetic field using relativistic quantum mechanics to find the eigen values of energy and eigen function for electron by solving Dirac-Equation for electron in a vector potential (AZ=AX=0) and Ay=HX (the field H being along the Z-axis).
We used the second-order equation for the axially function Ф and assume that Ф is an eigen function of the operator ΣZ with eigen value σ =± 1.

Studying the Total harmonic distortion (THD)for multilevel DC/AC Inverter

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 20-30

This paper presents the generation of sinewave AC voltage from DC battery using Cascaded multilevel inverters connected in series . The concept of multilevel voltage source inverters and their topologies are described. The (Optimising stepped sinewave) technique for a cascaded multilevel inverter is presented to get an ac voltage from a dc power supply in order to decrease the total harmonic distortion in the output voltage of the multilevel inverter by applying two techniques: zero crossing and nonzero crossing for different steps . The optimised harmonic stepped-waveform technique is applied to the multilevel inverter using cascaded-inverters with separated dc sources for 3,5,and 7 nonzero crossing stepped sine wave by using Matlab software . The effect of number of steps on the generated voltage has been analyzed .Total harmonic distortion is decreased by 23.29% for zero crossing stepped and by 22.29% for non-zero crossing stepped.
Key words : Inverter, Zero crossing, non zero crossing, OHSW technique, Low switching frequency, AC and DC voltage, THD.

Spatial Imparity For Tuberculosis Patients in the city of Kerballa in the year of 2002-2006. Before and after the occupation of the American troopsStudy in Medical Geography

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 250-259

Scientist have been researching the where about were the disease has been spreading in the city of Kerballa before and after the occupation of American troops .The distribution of geographical studies of clinics .and on analysis of the population of person whom receive treatments at these clinics , And the amount of infected in the each area of this disease , in the years 2002 and also in comparison infected 2006 .
Further more the studies of what age groups are most vulnerable to infection.

Moreover , the study of these infections in different areas according in these age groups .The difference in hypothesis in these clinics , was effected because of the difference in population in those areas in the years mentioned .Moreover ,The hypothesis was change ,because of the amount of infected in these areas .

The results came to be that the most vulnerable age groups are 25-35 years old .Moreover, the increase of infection in the ages of seniority .
The cause of these infections is because of minimal amount of treatments in the year 2006.

From other angle the results hint that most of infected are females .In the years 2006 to 2002.

The effect of Garlic pearl oil in the ration of local Black kids on some He matological and Biochemical Criteria.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 164-172

This experiment was conducted in the experimental barn of the animal technology production department – college of technology , Musiab ,during the period between 13 July , 2007 to 12 September , 2007 . Six black local kids were used ( 6-7 month aged and 12.4 kg live body weight ) and divided into two groups , each group consists 3 kids . Kids were fed on experimental completely diet (11.22 crude protein and 1.103 MJ / kg dry matter of ME) by individual feeding method ( 4 % on the basin of living weight ) .One of there groups was taken an oral dose ( 500mg /day animal ) from Garlic pearls .
This study was conducted to investigated the effect of Garlic Pearls additives on the some Biochemical and characteristic determination of blood serum . The data analysis made due the SAS (2001) mograming on the complete Randomized Design ; CRD .
The results showed a highly significant increase (P<0.01) in kids which treated with Galic oil pearls in count white Blood cell that's to say Acidophil and significat (P<0.05) among number Red Blood Cells (RBCs) and Hemoglobin and Cholesterol and Alkaline phosphate , No difference had been noticed in count of white Blood Cells (WBCs) and then types lymphocyte , Neutnophil , monocyte and packed cell volume and total protein concentration and Urea in Blood .

Spectrophotometric determination of Cisapride Based on ion-pair complex formation with Bromophenol blue

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 143-151

A new simple, sensitive and inexpensive method has been developed for the spectrophotometric determination of cisapride in pharmaceutical formulation. The turbidimetric method is based on the formation of the ion-pair complex between the drug and bromophenol blue (BPB) in presence of potassium chloride at pH= 2.6, with a maximum absorbance at 520 nm. The calibration graph is linear in the concentration range 5-50µg.ml-1, with good correlation coefficient (r = 0.9989).The limit of detection was found to be 1.14 µg.ml-1 and no interference was observed from common excipients in the pharmaceutical preparation that contain cisapride with good accuracy and precision

Study the effect of Gaussian Filter on Image of point Object for Optical System Using Different Apertures

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 88-100

In this research , the effect of Gaussian spatial filter which has coefficient of normative deviation (a) in different value (a=0.25,0.5,0.75,1) has been studied on point spread function )PSF (whereas the equation of )PSF (which contain the term which represent the gausian filter has been derived for the ideal optical system or contain focus error (W20=0.25λ,0.5λ), the results have been showed that the lower value of coefficient of normative deviation for Gaussian spatial filter leads to increase the intensity in the formed image and the reduced the effect of aberrations on the distribution of the intensity in the image plane , also the effect of aperture shape has been studied on the formed image for the system contains Gaussian spatial filter, the aperture is used in different shapes (square, rectangle (vertical and horizontal)),the results showed that the rectangle horizontal aperture give the best resolution from the other at the perfect system and best distribution of intensity in the image plane at system contain focus error (W20=0.25λ,W20=0. 5λ) from the other.

Studying Of Binding Energy Of Electrons In Multi Electrons Atoms By Fermi-Statistics

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 137-142

The method of finding binding energy for electrons in atoms has many difficulties, because there are many mathematical difficulties in it. Up today the problem isn't solve completely and explicitly except for H-atom and for ions like it i.e. the ions have one electron in the outer orbit. To find of He-atom every theories an approximation method to find it. To find the binding energy in multi electrons atom for example (U92) need to solve a system of (92) partial differential equations with (276) independent variable and its impossible to do that, it has been found the binding energy for H-atom in the early days of quantum mechanics. It has been put an equation for the binding energy of H-atom.
Also it has been found an approximate equations for binding energy for He-atom and Li-atom by (Born) by a method called (Born approximation method) it has been reached to a results near to experimental results. It has been found binding energy for large number of atoms approximately in many scientific research institutes. (Hartree, fock, Rothaan).

Effect of genetic group and age of bucks on some blood physical and biochemical traits

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 106-111

This study was conducted at Agragof goat improvement station, IPA Agriculture Research Center to study the effect of genetic group and age of bucks on some physical and biochemical of blood for a period from March to June 2002. Forty three bucks from a different genetic groups, which including 16 local, 11 crossbred( Local X Shami) and 16 crossbred ( Sannan X Local), also males were dividing to age, young bucks(8-12 month) and an older one (12–17 month) to study the effect of age on some blood parameters studied. Blood samples were collected once from each buck to determining the hemoglobin concentration(Hb), packed cell volume(PCV), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), total serum protein, Alkaline phosphatase enzyme concentration(ALK) and glutamic oxaloacetic transamiase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) enzymes concentration.
Data indicated that, genetic group had a significant effect (P<0.05) on hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and total serum protein concentration ,which mean were 8.51 ± 0.97 gm/dl , 27.00 ± 0.47 % , 9.73 ± 0.61 mm wintergreen pippette/24 hrs. And 10.56 ± 0.97 gm/dl respectively. Older bucks (12-17 month) showed a significant increased (P<0.05) in the concentration of hemoglobin (7.41 ± 0.49 and 9.31 ± 0.33 gm/dl) and decreased in the erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( 11.82 ± 1.03 and 8.25 ± 0.8 mm wintergreen pippete/24 hrs) for bucks aged 8-12 and 12-17 month respectively. Also data reveled that genetic group had no significant effect on all biochemical blood parameters studied and the over all mean of alkaline concentration, glutamic oxaloacetic and pyruvic tranaminase were 39.44 ± 2.99 KAU/dl, 56.51 ± 2.51 U/L and 45.12 ± 5.48 U/L respectively. While young bucks showed an increased (p<0.05) in the alkaline phosphatase concentration in comparable to older bucks which being 49.48 ± 2.23 and 27.70 ± 4.49 KAU/dl respectively

EFFET OF EXTENDERS AND CRYOGENES ON SOME SPERMATOLGICAL PROPERTIES OF GRASS CARP CTENOPHORYNGODEN IDLLA FISH

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 215-222

Experiment were carried out to investigate the effect of six extenders Modified kurokura (M.K) Artificial seminal plasma(ASP) Kurokura Immobilizing Media Glucose + Nacl + NaHco3 and Glucose + Tris And three cryoprotectant agents Dimethyl sulfa oxide (DMSO) ME2SO Methanol and Glycerol on the spermatological properties which are total motility % total viability (Duration of motility) /second Individual duration /second and pH of seminal plasma and packed sperm volume % and number of sperm x 109/ml3 of seminal plasma of pooled semen collected from proven selected brood stock males grass carp hormonally induce stripping at reproduction season (march , April and may) 2008 in Babylon province Hatcheries . The milt was diluted at 1; 10 total volume extender and 10 % cryogen equilibrate fore 10 minute then packed in plastic straw 0.25 ml sealed with poly venial alcohol and Cryopreservation at – 196 c°.
This study showed a significant influence of extender and cryogen on the spermatological properties of preserved semen , the optimum post thawing motility % after activation which is one of key that influence on fertilizing ability of sperm when used the modified kurokura and artificial seminal plasma (55.55 ,53.88 ,50.00 ,45.55 and 40.00) (56.11 ,45.44 ,50.00 ,45.55 and 38.88 %) respectively from June to October and the optimum result when used DMSO with extender contain salt and ions (55.00 ,53.61 ,50.55 ,47.77 and 42.22%) respectively from June to October DMSO It is conclude from this study that long term cryopreservation at -196 °c can be successfully done . The present in formation will evently help in selecting good extender M. K and A.S.P and with DMSO as crygene for long term cryo presertion for improved artificial propagation in grass carp fishs .

Uniform Relative Reciprocal Velocity in Lorentz -Einstein Transformations

F.A.Al-Bassam

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 85-98

The relative dimension velocity were converted to the relative time velocity in all equations by using the reciprocal of the velocity that equal to the negative of time velocity. The equations of the relative time velocity of two moving particles are in the same and opposite direction. The resultant of time velocity of two moving particles travel with right and less right angle ,while the resultant of time velocity in three-components. The relative uniform translational and rotational time velocities are derived from the known dimension velocity equations. The Lorentz- Einstein transformations are converted by the principle formula(reciprocal ). In addition to, the classical relative of elapsed time was produced in a different directions of two moving particles, so that the time values was postulate to verify the time of moving one particle or more. The new relative reciprocal equations give an obvious and complementary idea about the classical relative motion, whenever the special relativity of moving particles with very high time velocities are also verified.

Epidemiological Study of Distribution of Parasites in the Digestive Tract of Backyard Chicken in Babylon Governorate

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 161-163

This study was conduct to investigate the parasitic infection in twenty hundred fifty of local breed chicken that house keeping chickens were aged between 12-20 weeks obtained from three regions belong to Babylon city.
The parasitic infection was diagnosed via clinical signs , cross lesion and direct examination of fecal samples and intestinal components.
Results showed presence of species of internal parasites in the digestive tract of the chicken that involved infection with Ascaridia galli that belong to the Nematodes and the rate of infection reach to 10.4℅ . as well as infection by other type of Nematodes which was Heterakiss gallinarum (1.2℅).In addition , there about 7.2℅ of infection with Cestodes that were Relletina tetragonia.
The chicken of present study were infection in high rate of protozoa (Eimeria spp) which reach to 27.2℅.

Biochemical studies for some enzymes in sera of patients withrenal failure

Ahssan A. Lefta; Salih M. Hadiwa; Sahib A. AL-Atrakchi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 166-177

This study conformed on patients who have renal failure. Thirty four patients were chose for this study complaining of renal failure in two types (acute renal failure and chronic renal failure).
Full history about patients were taken including (age, sex, occupation, cigarettes smoking, drinking and history of diseases).
In this work we assessed the enzymes (acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase) in serum in the state of renal failure, when we compared the tests results with control groups. The number of the control groups were twenty-two healthy person. Also we compared the result of enzymes with other tests including (globulin, albumin, total protein, A/G ratio, urea, creatinine) in the same patient or among patients in the case of renal failure and tests result the control group.

Presence of Birds around communicated systems and Airports and its relation with quality of the vegetation" applied study"

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 1-8

This study has already been implemented on the surrounding area of communication metrological system at the International Airport of Sebha in the south of Libya. This project studies the structure of the vegetation- the trees and bushes in particular. In this study, the calculations have already been made on the varieties or species of birds which are existing in that area during the studies. Also the classification and varieties of vegetation which the birds favored and used for nesting is made.
The results showed that this area is inhabited by the birds which always exist in homes. These birds are called (Passer domesticus, Streptopelia phoenlcopila, Streptopelia turtur, Oenanthe leucopyga, Apus apus, Columba livia and Motacilla alba alba). And as for the trees and bushes, they can be classified as Dodonea viscosa, Eucalyptus sp, Nerium oleander, Tamarix sp, Phoenix dactylifero, Ornamental palm, Acacia radiana, Pinus helefensis.The study has already shown that some of these birds which appeared in the field of study during the spring season and the beginning of summer as it is with the Passer domesticus. Some of the other birds appear at the end of summer and beginning of autumn. They are the Streptopelia turtur, Apus apus and Motacilla alba alba . As for the Streptopelia phoenlcopila , Oenanthe leucopyga and Columba livia birds are found in the whole year. The Eucalyptus sp plants are the favorable ones for nesting for the majority of the birds. Whereas the Dodonea viscosa and Nerium oleander have not been taken as the place for birds to make their nest whereas the Acacia radiana, Tamarix sp and Phoenix sp trees are found to be the place where birds can stand and rest.

Fenugreek( Trigonella foenum –graecum L.) Effect of urea and supersphate Fertilizers their interacation on some yield characteristics of plant fenugreek ( Trigonella foenum – graecum L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 9-14

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of urea, superphosphate and their interacation on some yield components of fenugreek plant in the green house of Biology Department ,College of Education (Ibn Al-Haithum),University of Baghdad, the growing season of (2008-2009) in pots with 5 kg soil per pot. Four levels of urea (0, 0.25, 0.50 and 1.00) g/pot, equivalent to (0, 100, 200 and 400) kg urea/ha were used. The first round of urea was added before planting and the second after 40 days of sowing. Also three levels of superphosphate fertilizer (0 and 0.25 and 0.50) g/pot, equivalent to (0, 100 and 200) kg/ha were added at once before planting. Results showed that, the level of urea fertilizer, 400 kg/ha and 200 kg superphosphate/ha have led to a significant increase in the yield, number of pods/plant, dry weight of pods and the number of seeds/Pod.

A comparative study of assessment of some treatments for delay functional Ovarian and Inactive ovaries after birth in Dairy cows

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 36-42

Study was conducted on (100) Friesian cows about ( 3-6) years with different levels of healthy and food, suffer from dysfunction ovary ( delay of oesterus ) and inactive ovaries morbidity cases for the period (45-60) days after the birth of the year (1999 – 2000 ). in the major milk cows Station / Kusseba City / Wasit conservative . For treatment the cases and follow-up to come back to the oesterus and performing artificial insemination and follow-up pregnancy. Study was adopted to treatment to pay food and hormone during open days (100 - 120), cows were divided into three cases (two therapeutic cases and control), which in turn is divided into five groups according to treatments with control.
Infer from the study was that the payment of food before and after parturition and improve it's quality is the most important things in the management and husbandry of animal before and after birth and throughout their life cycle before puberty and focus on the period after parturition to restore the animal to his natural career .The hormone therapy must be linked with payment food, especially emaciation or functional delay cases, inactive ovaries did not respond for hormonal therapy only unless improving health and nutritional status of the animal, as well as genetic status of the animal based on breed selection in terms of feed conversion and access to sexual maturity and its ability to maintain energy balance of the most important is what makes the situation normal of animal in terms of production during the period of his life. Also that the treatment with progesterone and GnRH has a role in restoring ovarian activity from delay cases. The functional delay be easier treatment of ovarian inactivity, which is determined by the payment of food only and may not need hormone therapy, especially after the food situation in particular.

Mathematical calculation of skin and soft- tissues radiation absorbed dose from Na22 ,Ba133 and Cd109 radiation source for persons working in nuclear research room.

Hussien Abid Ali Baker

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 10-19

Assessment of radiation absorbed dose in radiation contaminated area are of greater value in radiation protection field. In this project three radioactive source involved Na22 , Ba133 and Cd109 whose main emission are gamma ray. Calculation were done to compute the radiation absorbed dose by skin and soft-tissues using mathematical equation .The main parameters of this project are the distance from the radioactive source , activity and type of radiation sources. The results showed that the amount radiation absorbed dose at time considered didn’t produce significant effect since it not reach 2 Gy where the highest values of skin dose was (0.001137187, 0.000285321and 0.000175802 mGy) for Na22, Ba133 and Cd109 respectively and for soft-tissues was(0.001144353,0.00028630 and 0.000187827 mGy ) for Na22,Ba133 and Cd109 respectively

Mathematical calculation of skin and soft- tissues radiation absorbed dose from Na22 ,Ba133 and Cd109 radiation source for persons working in nuclear research room.

Hussien Abid Ali Baker

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 10-19

Assessment of radiation absorbed dose in radiation contaminated area are of greater value in radiation protection field. In this project three radioactive source involved Na22 , Ba133 and Cd109 whose main emission are gamma ray. Calculation were done to compute the radiation absorbed dose by skin and soft-tissues using mathematical equation .The main parameters of this project are the distance from the radioactive source , activity and type of radiation sources. The results showed that the amount radiation absorbed dose at time considered didn’t produce significant effect since it not reach 2 Gy where the highest values of skin dose was (0.001137187, 0.000285321and 0.000175802 mGy) for Na22, Ba133 and Cd109 respectively and for soft-tissues was(0.001144353,0.00028630 and 0.000187827 mGy ) for Na22,Ba133 and Cd109 respectively

Design and Implementation Sales System using Oracle 9 Data Base

Hawrra H.Abbas Al-Rubiae; Ahmed A. Ahmed

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 31-46

The sales system is a data base system used to store and retrieve all information of sales and customers. In this system, we can input, update and delete information of sales.
The system is created using Oracle 9 and Developer 6. Oracle has many advantages for building data base such as privileges and priorities for system users which are duties of Data Base Administrator (DBA).

Synthesis And Biological Activity Of Some New Compounds Containing 1,2,4-Triazole And Their Derivatives

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 58-69

Condensation of 1,2- dibromo ethane with para hydroxy benzoic acid gave 1,2-Ethane-bis-4-oxybenzoic [1]. This Compound was converted with the thionyl chloride to give 1,2-Ethane-bis-4-oxybenzoyl chloride [2]. Reaction of compound [2] with thiosemicarbizades gave 1,2-Ethane-bis[4-oxybenzoyl-thiosemicarbazide] [3] and opteined 1,2-Ethane-bis[3-mercapto-5-phenoxy-1,2,4-triazole] [4] from treatment compound [3] with NaOH (4%) .The new compounds 1,2-Ethane-bis[3-(substituted thioacyl)-4-(substituted acyl)-5 phenoxy-1,2,4-triazole] [5a-d] and 1,2-Ethane-bis[3-(substituted alkylthio)-5 phenoxy-1,2,4-trizole] [5e-f] derived from compound [4] were synthesized and characterized by physical and spectral data. All the compounds [4], [5a-d] and [5e-f] have been screened for antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (G-) and Enterobacter (G-). Most of compounds were found to be active antibacterial

Utilisation of sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds and its' oil in laying quail diets for improving egg quality traits

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 123-136

The objective of this study was to determine the influence of feeding diet containing different levels of sesame seeds and oil on egg quality of laying quail. A total of 120, 10 weeks old were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 dietary groups, and were fed for 12 weeks diets containing 0 % sesame seeds + 0 % sesame oil (control group; C) or 0.5 % sesame oil (T1), 1 % sesame oil (T2), 1 % sesame seeds (T3), and 2 % sesame seeds (T4). The study was terminated when the birds were 22 weeks of age. Egg quality characteristics involved in the present study were egg weight, yolk diameter, yolk height, yolk weight, albumen height, albumen weight, Haugh unit, shell weight, shell thickness, shell percentage, yolk percentage, and albumen percentage. The addition of sesame seeds and oil to the diets of laying quail (T1; T2; T3; T4) resulted in significant improvement in the total means of the traits and the mean of trait during all periods of study respecting egg weight, yolk diameter, yolk height, yolk weight, albumen height, albumen weight, Haugh unit, shell weight, shell thickness, shell percentage, yolk percentage, and albumen percentage in comparison with control group (C), with the exclusion of shell percentage when has been observed that there was no significant difference between treatments C and T1 during period 4 and between treatments C, T1, and T2 during period 5. The results obtained in this study suggested that the inclusion of sesame seeds and its' oil into laying quail diets caused significant positive effect on egg quality criteria. Therefore, incorporation of sesame seeds and oil into the diets of Japanese quail may have practical value in manipulating egg quality.

Mτ- TIME AND TIME PROJECTION

Mohammed H. Saloomi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 161-165

In this paper we discuss new random time which is called Mτ -time with some of its properties.In addition, we find the time projection associated with Mτ- time. Finally we compute the supremum of increasing family { : t[0,]} into two cases, the first case when , while the second case when .

Synthesis and Inhibition effect of 1,3-Oxazepine derivative on AST and ALT activities in Vitro study

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 152-160

1,3-Oxazepine derivative is an antidepressant with a mild sedative component to its action. The mechanism of its clinical action in man is not well understood. In animals,amoxapine reduced the uptake of noradrenaline and serotonine and bloked the response of dopamine receptors to dopamine.
In order to study the Kinetic of human serum alanine amino transferase (ALT) and aspartate amino transferase (AST). Anovel oxazepine derivative prepared in our Lab. Was used to study its effect on ALT and AST since both enzymes are involed in the evaluation of hepatic disorder, on the other hand oxazepine among other drugs that are eliminated by the liver.
The kinetic study confirmed that this oxazepine derivative act as non competitive inhibitor for both ALT (GPT) and AST(GOT). The Vmax was found to be 113.5 U/mL and 85.18 U/mL for the non – inhibited and inhibited ALT respectively with Km value of 2.5 ×10-3 mol/L. As for AST, the Vmax was found to be 207 U/mL for the non-inhibited enzyme and 164.1 U/mL for the inhibited AST. The Km Value Which is the same for the uninhibited and the inhibited enzyme was found to be 1.2× 10-3 mol/L.

Effect of some agricultural residues on physical and chemical characteristics of sandy and loamy soils during the developmental stages of tomato plant

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 52-60

The Experiment was carried out in one of the farms in the College of Technology Musayyib during the growing season 2007-2008 to study the effect of two kinds of soils of the region (sandy soil from the shoulder of the river and loamy soil from a field experiment) and eight agricultural media is (1 - loamy or sandy soil (compared) 2 – loamy or sandy soil added to sawdust + corn residue (1:1:2) 3 - loamy or sandy soil added to residue of cows + Poultry (1:1:2) 4 - loamy or sandy soil added to sawdust + residue of cows (1:1: 2) 5 loamy or sandy soil added to sawdust + Poultry waste (1:1:2) 6 - loamy or sandy soil added to residu of corn + cows (1:1:2) 7 - loamy or sandy soil added to corn residue + Poultry waste (1:1:2) 8 - loamy or sandy soil added to the four residues (1:1:1:1:4). During the vegetative growth stages, in hybrid tomato c.v hayber ,French origin. Complete CRBD with three replications was used and the means were compared by L.S.D test at 0.05% .
Results showed that: The loamy soil have been more effected to improved in their physical and chemical characteristics in all the studied media ( porosity, and average diameter measured and the percentage of available water, cationic exchange and the proportion of organic matter, pH, and increased salinity of the medium ) during all periods of the experiment (30, 90 and 150 days from transplanting). The results show for the media containing all types of waste were the best improving these properties, followed by media containing animal waste, and media containing animal waste mixed with plant waste.

Study the Effect of Dimensional Design inside the Discharge Tube of an Electrothermal Accelerator on Axial produced Plasma

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 137-147

This paper is a study of the effect of the dimensional design factors of the discharge tube inside an Electrothermal Accelerator on the axial plasma produced inside the tube. A theoretical approach has been investigated on the base of our previous experimental researches and on the base of universal researches in this field. A low-pressure coaxial discharge is investigated theoretically on the base of one- dimensional axial fluid model. This type of surface-wave-plasma source is relatively new in comparison to the classical cylindrical plasma column sustained by an electromagnetic surface wave. In the coaxial structure the dielectric tube is filled with air at normal pressure and a metal rod is arranged at its axis. The plasma is produced outside the dielectric tube in a low-pressure chamber by an electromagnetic wave traveling along the plasma- dielectric interface. The plasma is both radially and axially inhomogeneous. In this paper we have investigated theoretically the role of metal rod and dielectric tube radii on the wave and plasma characteristics on the base of one- dimensional axial fluid model

The effect of magnetic dipole moment on the nuclear structure of isotope

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 223-240

The values of magnetic dipole transitions operator and the probability of transitions B(M1), magnetic moments μL, and gL factor have been calculated in terms of one body and one and two bodies energies, using the interacting boson model, depending on the total number of bosons (s-boson, I=0) and (d-bosons, I=2).
The total number of neutron (proton) bosons was separated in the calculation of eigen vectors, using the same Hamiltonian parameters. Isoscalar and isovetcor components were used in the present work to find out the values of , B(M1), μL, and gL factor for Ba(A=136, Z=56) of U(5)-O(6) dynamical symmetry.
The comparisons between results were found in a very good agreement.

" The semantic symbolist of the stick in the Arabic illustration "

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 45-51

The stick comes in the Arabic illustration an The semantic attempt to talk about . the paper to come until to study function symbolist , to come the stick of the semantic and the meaning : the setting up , the wealth , the tolerant , the unrest …
This bound from The stick power symbolist application of the study is using the concept of .
Torture functional The semantic in the orders intellectual progression to form group intellectual to observe and recital symbolist , analytical .

Demographic characteristics - geographic and population problems in Iraq for the period 1987-2007.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 116-138

In order to shed light on all the course of research and achieve the desired objectives related to the geographic and demographic characteristics of the problems suffered by residents of the country and that can be highlighted through the folds of research and as follows:
(1) The number of Iraq's population, around mid-2007 (29682081) million after the number was in the census of 1997, which (22,046,244) million, an increase of absolute rate (7.6%) and an annual (5.7%).
(2) low total fertility rate and crude birth rate among the population of the country and clearly since 1990, I dropped from (6.3) born to (5.3), born in 1994 and dropped the second (60) born in 1990 to (28.1), born in 1994, and this evidence of the fact that the Iraqi population live growth phase transition.
(3) the gradual decline of the crude mortality rate and infant together and faster rates of fertility and population growth rate in mid-2007 to (2.7) per thousand and decreased mortality (55) thousand in 2002 and to (51) thousand in 2004.
(4) low proportion of young (0-14 years) by (9.4%) for middle-aged (15-59 years) in 2007 compared to 1997 as the percentage (6.7%).
(5) improve maternal health due to improved fertility pattern of lower total fertility rate and private, which has emerged through the extraction of the correlation coefficient between the rate of total fertility rate and maternal mortality, as was the correlation coefficient to (0.68), meaning the low rate of maternal mortality by one (68%) at birth 100000 live births.
(6) high dependency rates, crude and dependency rates, the real with the contrast between the provinces, with an average maintenance of crude at the country level (85.0) (79.7 for young and 5.2 for adults) At the provincial level came province of Muthanna, the highest percentage (89.8 (84.7 for young and 5.08 for adults), the highest rate of the country and in Salahuddin province, 89.3 (84.2 for children and 5.09 for adults) in mid-2007 while the rate of dependency on the level of the real diameter of 6.4 people per economically active person.
(7) received the province of Baghdad (the capital), the vast majority of the population size of (7.14547 million) million in 2007, a rate (24.7%) of the total population of the country for the same year, this underlines the received streams of internal migration and confirmed by several studies.
(8) The inhabitants of the diameter of the low rate of economic activity through the review of rates of economic activity in 1997 of (17.01%) of workers and to whom (11.8%) only, as follows:
• low economic activity rate among the population of the country who are over the age of 15 years to 17.01% and the staff were to 11.8%.
• Distribution of the economically active population of Iraq, according to the three main sectors of activity as follows: - the first sector (48.7%) the second (12.1%) third (17.01%).
• The distribution of the economically active according to scientific status as follows: - employer 6.5%, 52.7% paid staff working out, worked for a family of 6.5%.
(9) the distribution of Iraq's population has seen clear contrast distracted and focused.
• The density of public at the country level about 68.2 inhabitants / km 2.
• The physiological density at the country level about 2086 inhabitants / km 2.
• concentration of population in the provinces of Baghdad, Babylon, as a proportion of inhabitants (29.6%) of the total population of the country in 2007 while the proportion of Messahthma not exceed (2.2%) of the total area of the country. And the rest of the population of 70.4 living on an area of approximately 97.8% of the total area.
(10) due to the low proportion of agricultural workers decreased agricultural production (31%) of the value of GDP in 2000 to 6.6% of GDP in 2005, as adopted country on the import of food commodities due to drought, low rainfall and the variability of water levels in rivers Tigris and Euphrates, which has helped push the unemployment rate to 17.9% in 2005.
(11) different distribution of the proportion of urban population and levels of urbanization by province went up in Baghdad province to 86.7% of the total population of the country in 2007 came after the provinces of Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk, Erbil, Missan, Basra, with rates ranging between (70.1% and 73.1% and 75.9% and 76.9% and 78.2%), respectively.
(12) and to solve all the problems that have been reviewed researcher recommends the relevant authorities to adopt a policy of economic, social and cultural take country-levels of neighboring countries or more, providing free health services to segments of society and to provide employment opportunities in different levels to reduce unemployment amounting to (17.9) in 2005 in particular the work of agricultural and water supply by modern methods of spraying and punctuation and to encourage local agricultural production and reduce dependence on imported it.

Justice and the Scope of Applying it by the Deans at Kerbala University

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 139-163

The present study is conducted at the University of Kerbala for the year 2009-2010. The study includes 3 chapters wherein a new innovative scientific work is introduced, which is not handled before as far as the researchers are concerned. The study unifies the legal methodology with the educational methodology wherein the study falls into three theoretical chapters in law where each chapter has three targets and a final applied chapter where theory is applied depending on the educational research to achieve the objective which aims at revealing the justice level applied by the Deans.
After the three chapters are completed in terms of defining justice and explaining its significance in some administrative aspects of justice like the application of decisions and the evaluation of Deans’ performance, then setting a chapter which completes the previous chapters, a sample of (150) instructors who work in the (11) colleges in Kerbala University, was chosen i.e. the number of Deans to be evaluated is (11) Deans.
The researchers have used questionnaires in setting the instrument of the research which includes 30 points which were verified and proven, through which one can measure the Deans’ justice. After gathering data they were statistically examined by extracting the normative deviations using Pearson coefficient where the following results were reached:
1. The Deans’ justice level reached 78, 80% with a normative deviation degree (23, 22) which is higher than the virtual mean which is (60).
2. When using the second test for a single sample to know the statistical significance, it appears that the second calculated value (12, 37) is bigger than the T-value (1,96) with a degree of (149) and a significance level(0, 05).
This indicates that there are differences of statistical significance in favour of the research sample i.e. there is generally a high level in applying justice by the Deans.

The witness of unmoslemes in the Islamic Fiqeh

journal of kerbala university, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 181-192

The research is talking about very important subject from affirmation subjects in Islamic Fiqeh which is the attestation subject, it's talking about Unmoslems few people wrights and the range of acceptable in Islamic law, he is talk about attestation condition at all and the acceptable range of Unmoslems attestation on the moslem, but there is one case we can accept his attestation in known condition, but the attestation of Unmoslems on themselves is researched in this research in many faces, Unmoslems are even in attestation condition, or divine them to religion