ISSN: 1813-0410

Volume 1, Issue 0

Volume 1, Issue 0, Winter 2005, Page 1-311

Effect of interaction Nitrogen and Potassium fertilization on growth and flowering of Gazaniasplendens L

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 12-22

The experiment was conducted at the nursery of the College of Agriculture, Kufa University, Al Najaf Province during the growing season 2010-2011 to study the effect of Nitrogen and Potassium fertilizers on growth and flowering on Gazaniasplendens L. The experiment was conducted adopting Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) in three replicates with tow factors; the first factor implementing three levels of Nitrogen levels (2, 1 and 0.0 gm. Pot-1) and the second factor three level of potassium levels (3, 1.5 and 0.0 gm. Pot-1) and the interaction between the treatments. The mean were analyzed using L.S.D under probability level 0.05.
The results showed that the application of Nitrogen fertilizer at level 2 g. pot -1 or Potassium fertilizer at level 3 improved vegetative and rooting parameters which increased significantly the following; number of leaves, shoot dry weight, leaf total chlorophyll content, number of offshoots, number and length of primary roots, root dry weight , flower stalk length, number of flowers and petals in plants , flower dry weight and the content of Carbohydrates compared to the control treatment (sprayed with distilled water) which gave least values..
Regarding the treatment interaction between the Nitrogen and potassium fertilizers it was found that the interaction of levels (2 gm. Pot-1) of nitrogen fertilizer and the levels of (3 gm. Pot-1) potassium fertilizers had a significant increase in all plant’s vegetative and floral growth parameters. There was an increase in number of leaves, number of offshoots, shoot dry weight, leaf total chlorophyll content, number of roots, length of primary roots, roots dry weight , flower stalk length,, number of flowers and petals , flower dry weight and leaf content of Carbohydrates compared with unsprayed plant which gave the least values

The Role of Chitinase and Cellulase Enzymes on Antagonism Process between some of Biocontrol Fungi and Isolated Pathogenic Fungifrom Rice Soil in AL-Najaf governorate

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 33-42

Laboratory experiment were achieved on antagonism process between some of Biocontrol Fungi Trichodermaharzianum(Rifai and Australian Isolates) and Chaetomiumelatumand Pathogenic Fungi (Fusarium.oxysporumRhizoctonia.solan,Fusarium.pseudo.grameniarum that Isolated from Rice Soils in AL-Najaf governorate
The mechanism of antagonism involve the secretion cell wall degradation enzymes. Preliminary experiments revealed that this fungus has the ability to produce cellulase and chitinase which could play an important role in the inhibition of these funji.
In order to gain a better understanding of chitinase enzyme produced by Biocontrol Fungi during antagonism on a some of pathogenic fungi that contained chitin and cellulose in their cell walls, the laboratory experiment was achieved to determine the appropriate condition for production of enzyme using liquid medium (MSM, Carboxylmethylecellulose CMC).

Study the quality of street dust in two region at Baghdad City- Iraq

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 63-70

This study was conducted to do an qualities analysis fo the compounds of street dust in tow regions (Almashtel and Albayah) in Baghdad City, samples were collecting from services and dwelling street randomly from 3 points in ( anterior, meddle and posterior) and named A,B,C D) respectively. After isolated the large pieces samples kept with 3 kg weight by cleaning sacs and translated to do the following tests:
1- Tacked 1 kg from samples of (A, B, C, and D) sites and by using soil save was fragmented to 7 values (4,2,1,0.500,0.250, 0.021 and less 0.021 mm).
2- Recording the Ph, EC and salinity of solutions of dust by using Martini Bench- Mi- 108. And were 7.58, 3531 ms/cm and 2.206 ppt, respectively.
3- Limited the forms and structure of the particulates of dust by using Polarizing and Binuchoilor microscope.
The results showed that particulates of dust were different with quantity, size, and forms in each site of study and between both regions, and contained dangerous residuals especially with 0.250, 0.021 and less that which can associate to increase the suspended dust in the atmospheric air of the city. Aso the analysis of particulate structure prepared that it's contained a mineral, organic, botanical, zoological and industrial synthetic wastes. This result supported and illustrated that these pollutants formed with unregulated mixed structure which can increase its dangerous for population and biosystem of City environment and a rounded areas.

Toxicettectes of Bipolarisholmii in Bio systemic of white rat.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 71-77

This study deal to isolate and diagnosis of fungal accompanying of rice seeds as well as studying the toxic effects of Bipolarisholmii in some Bio system of white rat . Segregation results are showed the fungi Alternaria alternate and Bipolarisholmii highest frequently and appearance in rice seeds , reached to (63.5 , 28.4) % for the Alternaria alternate while the rates reached to(19.8% ,29.95)% respectively .The result of study toxic of mycelium of fungus B.holmiic which caused in raising the number of white blood cells to 5050 cell/mm3, The same time , the latest decline in the level of Hb and size of blood cells ,. Biomass of B holmii effected inorganic tissue where caused in the events of agathering of inflammatory cell and necrosis in the liver , so the kideny and in testine affected with Biomass of fungus.

Study the invasion activity of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from women with repeated abortion by cell line technetion

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 78-85

The study was achieved to investigate the Listeriamonocytogenes in clinical samples such as high vaginal swabs and placenta samples from women with repeated abortion . L. monocytogeneswas isolated in percentage of (2.43%) from high vaginal swabs samples and (3.8 %) from placenta samples .The isolated bacteria were diagnosed on the basis of morphology & biochemical reaction. The susceptibility of isolates to different antimicrobial agent was also studied. It appeared that all isolates were totally resistant to Nalidixic acid but they were totallysensitivetoAmpicillinand Gentamicin
In this study determined the invasion activity of isolated bacteria to human epithelial cell line by count the log number of bacteria cell isolates from these cell line after infection by each one of isolated bacteria. The result show that ( Lis3) which isolated from placenta give high log number(4.71) followed by the log number of ( Lis1) and (Lis2) (3.88) and(3.38) respectively, which obtained from high vaginal swabandlognumberof(LisS1)(2.91).

Effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer and magnetized water on leaf area, protein andyield of maize ( Zea mays L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 86-92

A field experiment was conducted at Hussainyah Province of Karbala/Iraq to study the effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer and magnetic water on growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) var.synthesiser 5012. The experiment included studying two factors. Firs factor included two types of water (magnetic &non magnetic) diameter with 1500 gauss. Second factor partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil of five batches (1,2,3,4 and 5). The experiment was designed as RCBD.
The result showed the following points:
1. The magnetized water significantly affects the dry matterweight,grain yield and protein.
2. The fragmentation of potassium fertilizer gave significant effect on theleaf area, dry matterweight, grain yield and protein
3. The interaction between magnetized water and partitioning of potassium fertilizer was significantly increased leaf area, dray matter weight, grain yield and protein.

Evaluation Efficiency Of Thymus vulgaris L.Plant Extract On Some Fungi Isolated from Mouth and Nose of Patient Children In Maternity and Children hospital In Babylon province

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 93-113

The research includes isolating & diagnosing species of fungi from the mouth & nose of babies from the first month to the three years of age include (200) babies from Stagnant babies in Maternity &Children hospital of both sex. period from September 2010 to May month 2011 . In addation the test of fungi sensitive in front of the Thymus vulgaris L. extract.
(24) species from mould & yeast were isolated , the percentage of fungi species were account, the large ratio for C. albicans ,(%43.61), Cryptococcus neoformans ,(%41.12) of C. tropicalis , ( %8.27) for A niger , %2.03 of White mycelium ,( %1.45) . Regarding other fungi and yeast . percentage of fungi Isolated from nose of babies , were biggest ratio for A. niger,(%25.77) of Cladosporium cladosporoidies , (%14.77) for A. flavus ,%11.33 of C albicans ,(%8.21).
In addation application of aqueous & alcoholic extract from Thymus vulgaris (Thyme ) plant on some fungi were tested . showed high inhibition activity toward different fungi.

Styudy of the Reproduction methods in oligochaete Chaetrogaster limnaei (Naididae) From Basrah Governorate

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 114-124

The reproduction of the animal is by sexual and asexual methods . The sexual reproduction is rare and seasonal, but the dominant method is the asexual one by fission (Paratomy) in which the animal can be divided into a chain of two or three or four individuals . The fission occurs between the segments 9-10 or 10-11 .The process of asexual reproduction is divided into five stages depending on morphological and anatomical changes take place during the division processes.

Some Nutrients Concentration of (Nigella sativa L.) As Influenced by Cytokinin and NPK Fertilizer.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 147-153

An experiment was conducted at the field of Biology Department , Education College - Ibn-Alhaitham , Baghdad University during the growing season of 2010/2012 . The aim of the experiment was to assess the effect of four concentrations of cytokinin .i.e.0, 50 , 100 and 150 mg.l-1 and three levels of compound fertilizer NPK i.e.0,160 and 320 Kg.ha-1. on N,P,K,Ca and Mg concentrations of (Nigella sativa L.) plant.
Factorial experiment within R.C.B.D. with three replications was adopted i.e.36 experimental units were included .
Results revealed that , increasing levels of both factors and their interaction caused a significant increment of the above mentioned nutrients concentration with the surpass of 100 mg.l-1 cytokinin and 320 k.ha-1. fertilizer level on the rest of treatments.

Oil Extraction From Fish and Use it in Artificial Systems

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 163-172

In This study was undertaken Bigeye Ilisha megaloptera ,Jaffout Nematalos nasus,Suboor Hilsha ilisha and Carp Cyprinus carpio. They were in complet. Fish were purchas from local market in Basrah, Oil was extracted in a solvent extraction. And the level of oil obtiened were 6.083%; 10.712%; 13.522%; 5.616%; for Bigeye, Jaffout, Suboor and Carp. Crud oils were compared with vegetable oil (olive oil) and animal fat (tial fat mutton). The extracted oil from fresh complete fishs with compared oils intared on soap making as artificial system. this system analysis with a number of sensory and chemical tests. Results were analyzed statistically by using the SPSS program with using (CRD) Completely Randomized Design for dipilcates. The study factors were tested by using Revised Least Significant Different test R.L.S.D on the level (0.05). the results showed that soap was on the level of Iraqi standared of that it was. suitable for production soap after add aromatic material

Effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer by adding to soil and spraying on leaf area, protein and yield of (Zea mays L.)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 173-179

A field experiment was conducted at Hussainyah Province of Karbala /Iraq to study the effect of the partitioning of potassium fertilizer by adding to soil and spraying on growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) var.synthesiser 5012. The experiment included studying two factors. First factor included partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil of five batches (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5). Second factor partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil + Concentration of 2000 mg K.L-1. The experiment was designed as RCBD.
The result showed the following points:
1. Adding Potassium fertilizer to soil and spray has significant effect on the dry matter weight , grain yield of corn and protein.
2. The partitioning of potassium fertilizer gave significant effect on the leaf area, dry matter weight , grain yield and protein.
3. The interaction between partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil and partitioning of potassium fertilizer applied in soil + Concentration of 2000 mg K.L-1. was significantly increased the leaf area, dray matter weight , grain yield and protein

The protective role of grape seeds oil on damage induced by iron overload on Liver in male rabbite

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 180-191

This study was carried out to investigate the protective role of black grape seeds oil Vitisviniferaon Liver damage induced by iron overload in male rabbits . Twenty five adult male rabbits were divided into five groups (5/group) , the first group was injected with 20 ml/kg normal saline and served as control group (G1) . Rabbits in the second group were injected with 20 ml/kg iron dextran with one dose in the first week , two in the second week , three in the third week and four dose in the fourth week (G2). Rabbits in the third group (G3) were inject with 20 mg/kg iron dextran and intubated orally and daily with ED50 of black grape seeds oil which equal to 0.5 ml/kg, while the rabbits in the fourth group (G4) were injected 20 mg/kg iron dextran with SC injection 10 mg/kg desferrioxamine at one dose in the first week , two in the second week , three in the third week and four dose in the fourth week for each one . Rabbits of the last group were injected 20 mg/kg iron dextran, 10 mg/kg desferrioxamine and 0.5 ml/kg black seeds oil.
Fasting blood samples were collected at pretreated , after two weeks and at the end of experiment to study the following parameters : the concentration of Total Cholesterol (TC) , Triacylglycerol (TAG) , High Density Lipoprotin (HDL) , Low Density Lipoprotin (LDL) and Very Low Density Lipoprotin (VLDL) .
The results revealed intramuscular injection of iron dextran caused significant decrease (p<0.05) in concentration of High Density Lipoprotin (HDL) ,and significant increase (p<0.05) in concentration of Total Cholesterol (TC) and Low Density Lipoprotin (LDL) While no significant differences was observed in concentration of Triacylglycerol (TAG) and Very Low Density Lipoprotin (VLDL) Comparative with control group .
The group that treated with black grape seeds oil and exposure to iron overload by iron dextran revealed no significant difference in the concentration of TC , TAG , HDL , LDL and VLDL .
The group that was exposed to injection with desferrioxamine revealed significant decrease (p<0.05) in the concentration of HDL and significant increase (p<0.05) in concentrations of LDL , While no significant differences was observed in the concentration of TC ,TAG and VLDL Comparative with control group .
Histological section revealed that iron overload caused deposits of iron as Hemosiderin liver and damage of Liver cells , while the results showed absent deposits of Hemosiderin in the liver as well as normal feature of Liver cells comparative with control group.
In conclusion , results of this study confirm the protective role of black grape seeds oil against deleterious effect of iron overload in Liver , and documented the prevalence of black grape seeds oil up on desferrioxamine

Study of the infection percentage of some Dermatophytosis isolated from patients of Al- Hindya general hospital .

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 224-232

Eighty eight samples from dermatophytosis patients in Al- Hindya general hospital were collected during Augst, September, November and December of 2008 . Sampels represented 34 males and 54 females i.e. 38.64% and 82,95% respectively. Six clinical cases of Dermatophytosis were taken . Seventy three samples were positive . The tests appeared that Tinea pedis was the most wide spread among these cases giving 34 samples followed by Tinea unguium , Tinea manuum , Tinea capitis , Tinea cruris and Tinea corporis represented by 17 , 11 , 10 , 10 and 6 samples respectively . Two types of Dermatophytes ; Epidermophyton floccosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes , were isolated and identified

Study of microbial contaminants in some dairy local products in Baghdad

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 233-241

In this study, I have been collected (15) samples of dairy products(8) yoghurt Laban and (7) samples of soft cheese locally manufactured were collected the following topics have been studied on them:-
1. Microbial quality of yoghurt:-
The results of microbiological examinations for yoghurt Laban samples has shown that they contain hight numbers of Aerobic bacteria, and Yeast and Molds. The mean of bacterial count were (3.7× 106) cfu/gm and yeast and molds mean (2.2× 105) cfu/gm.
These results also showed that the yoghurt samples were contaminated by Coliform and Fecal Coliform by (77%) and (61%) with an average at (2.6×102) and (1.8×102) cfu/gm respectively. As for staphylococcus aureus they existed in yoghurt at rate of (35%) as an average of (6.2×103) cfu/gm.
2. Microbial quality of soft cheese:-
The microbiological examinations for the soft cheese sample showed that the soft cheese samples were heavily contaminated by large numbers of microorganisms. The mean of bacterial count was (3.9×108) cfu/gm and the Yeast and Molds were (7.7×105) cfu/gm. The mean of Coliform and Fecal Coliform was (6.3×103) and (9.2×102) cfu/gm respectively and at rate of (88.4%) and (80%) of samples contaminated by Coliform and Fecal Coliform. As for staphylococcus aureus it was present in soft cheese at the rate of (70%) as an average (7.1×103) cfu/gm.

Seasonal Variation of Heavy Metals concentration (Fe,Co, Pb, Cd, Cu and Ni) for snail Theodoxus jordani , Water and Sediments in Shatt Al Arab river, southern Iraq.

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 253-261

A flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer was use to measure the concentration of six heavy metals (Fe, Co, pb, Cd, Cu and Ni) in the snail Theodoxus jordani from four stations within Shatt Al Arab southern Iraq, from winter 2008 to winter 2009.
Highest seasonal average concentration for Fe was 3661.003 during spring, Co 120.642 during winter 2008, Pb and Cd 43.535 and 31.195 during autumn, Cu and Ni 26.457 and 115.697 during winter 2008 respectively by µg/g dry wet unit.
The same trace elements concentrate in sediment was investigate, the concentration was between 2214.12- 5766.34, 12.67-79.28, 24.55-86.58, 0.0456- 18.18, 20.81- 64.58 and 0.8434 - 114.54 µg/g dry wet respectively while the concentration average in water was 9338.19, 234.155, 352.693, 149.28, 64.647 and 323.401 µg/l respectively.

Design a flow injection analysis unit for determination of Vanadium (V) by using starch merging zone technique

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 262-273

FIA analytical method was a newly designs for determination of V(V) in flow injection technique make deaf in this study and from it selected the best design , depend on the starch –iodine spectrophotometric method, the absorbance intensity was registered in this reaction at 595 nm .The various parameter affecting on the determination have been investigated such as flow rate , reaction coil length, acid volume, sample volume, starch volume , concentration acid ,potassium iodide. Linear calibration graphs were obtained in the range (1-5 ) mg/l, with the detection limit was 0.1 mg/l and correlation coefficient, was (0.995). The desperation coefficient was studied of two concentration (1 mg /l) and (3 mg /l) and found (1.6666) and (1.6240) respectively

Effect of salysalic acid on some physical and chemical characteristics of date palm fruit cv. Hilawi and Sair

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 192-199

This study was conducted at a private orchard located at Abo Al-Khaseb / Basrah / Iraq, to study the effects of Salysalic acid (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg/l) on some physical and chemical characteristics of date palm fruit cv. Hilawi and Sair. The results showed that the treatment of 100mg/l salysalic acid gave a significant effect on fruit and pulp weight and fruit dimentions ( size , length and diameter). The chemical characteristics (total and redusing sugar and TSS) were increased with treatment of salysalic acid but the sucrose was decreased with increase of salysalic acid concentration. The production of two cultivars recorded highly weight at 150mg/l salysalic acid. The ripening of fruit was decreased with increased of concentration of treatment

Modifying Plaque assay and Clearance test as tools in determination of phage typing for Escherichia coli bacterial interspecies

Mohammed Abdul Rahmman Mohammed

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 1-6

Bacteriophage of Escherichia coliinterspecies from sewage samples were isolated , The phage particles were isolated from two different sewage samples , First sample was collected from sewage sample of Baghdad university and second sample was isolated from domestic sewage sample , first sample showed phages specialized for three E. Coli interspecies bacteria (first plate ) and two E. Coli interspecies bacteria (second plate ) , meanwhile second sample showed phage specialized for two E. Coli. interspecies
Study of appearance of Escherichia coli phages from first sample showed three types of E. coli phages with different size of inhibition zone 2 , 1.5,1 mm respectively ( first plate ) , meanwhile E. Coli interspecies bacteria showed phages related with two interspecies with size of inhibition zone 1.5 ,1 mm respectively ( second plate ), on other hand , The second sample showed also two interspecies E. coli with inhibition zone (1,2)mm . We designed experimental method which showed the modifying method of phage assay to determine phage typing assay .We tested phage particles with different bacterial strains ( E. coli , shegilla and Serratia ) from different sources and the control was the host of each bacteriophages by taking the O.D for all the tests and controls , to setup new criteria for phage typing .:and this test is called ( Clearance Test )
The result showed that O.D for Test 1 , 2 , 3, was ( 1.6 , 1.2 . 1.7) for ( E. coli , shegilla and Serratia ) bacterial strains , meanwhile the control tests was ( 0.3 , 0.2, 0.4 ) for strains isolated from first sample (first and second plate ) and second samples with different interspecies respectively .
This result can predict high specificity of phage strain and this method can be used to determine interspecies strains .
So from this experimental we can identify only Clearance Test by measuring only O.D. of bacterial strain with different phages a instead of going through plaque assay .

Anew colorimetric method for the determination of Levo-dopa in pharmaceutical preparation via oxidative coupling organic reaction

Alaa . F . Hussein; Muneer . A .AL-Da; amy; Muhammad .H . AL-Fatlawy

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 7-14

A simple, accurate and sensitive colorimetric method for the determination of L-Dopa in pure and pharmaceutical preparations has been developed .The proposed method uses ortho–Tolidine as a chromogenic reagent . The method is based on the oxidative coupling reaction of L-Dopa with ortho–Tolidine with potassium periodate in neutral media to form a green–bluish water soluble dye product , that has a maximum absorption at 629 nm . Linear calibration graph was in the range of (0.10 - 28) µ with molar absorptivity of (2.76 ×104 ,a sandall sensitivity of (7.14 ×10-6 µ , correlation coefficient of 0.9997 , detection limit (0.05 µ and the relative standard deviation of RSD% (1.87) . The method was applied successfully for the determination of L-Dopa in pharmaceutical preparations and the value of recovery % was from (99.6%) .

Studying the effect of a new polyamide as adhesive for wood-wood surfaces

Mohammad N. AL-Baiati; Laith B. AL-Asady; Hawraa H. AL-Zubadi; Saja A. Abd-Alkareem

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 15-21

In this research, a new copolyamid was prepared from reaction Aceglutamide with Formaldehyde by esterfication process, and used this copolymer as adhesive between wood – wood surface. Five different weight ( 0.2, 0.4 , 0.6, 0.8 & 1.0 gm ) from the prepared copolymer respectively, were used as adhesive to prepared the specimens of wood / adhesive . Four standard test methods were used to measured the adhesion properties which are; ASTM: D-790, ASTM: D- 695, ISO – 179 &ASTM: D-638 .
The results obtained from these tests indicated that, the specimens of wood / adhesive containing 1.0 gm from the prepared copolymer have high values in all standard tests; Impact strength was 45 MPa, Compressive strength was 40 MPa, Flexural strength was 250 MPa and Tensile strength was 8150.41 MPa ; compared with the other specimens which contain on less weight from the prepared copolymer.

Histological Study on the Effect of Metronidazole (Flagyl®) on the Distribution of Collagen Fibers in the Uterus of the Pregnant

Kadhem M. Haddao; Akram Y. Yasear; Hussain A. Abdullatif

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 25-36

To determine the effect of Metronidazole (Flagyl®) on distribution of collagen fibers in the pregnant rat uterus during the implantation period on days 7 and 9 day post coitum (dpc), sixty-four female rats of confirmed pregnancy have been used ,divided into two treated groups (48 rats) received oral dosage commercial Metronidazole (Flagyl®( and one control group (16 rats) received distilled water via the same route. Histological technique was applied for sections taken from implantation sites at days 7 and 9 dpc. The sections were stained in Hematoxylin and Eosin and Gomori's one step-trichrome stains. The results indicates that blastocysts were able to implant successfully and have initiated the implantation reaction and decidualization in the uteri of all rats used. As a normal reaction on day 7 dpc collagen fibers was found to be virtually absent in the decidual tissue of primary decidual zone (PDZ) and secondary decidual zone (SDZ) in contrast to undifferentiated zone (UDZ) in which the fibers was widely distributed.
On day 9 dpc collagen fibers were abundant in the mesometrialdecidual zone (MDZ). Collagen fibers were an important support to the blood vessels in this area which represents a prime route for establishment of nutrient supply through maternal blood vessels supplying the chorioallantoic
placenta of rat. The results have revealed that oral intake of Metronidazole did not interfere with the normal process of implantation of rat blastocyst.

Nickel Nitrate induce apoptosis in liver of mice

Khalid H. Gathwan

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 37-42

Liver is a vital organ of the body engaged in various metabolic, secretary and biotransformation activities. Any damage to liver can impair any all of these functions. In the present study the toxic effects of nickel (Ni) on the liver structure of male of mice . Nickel (Ni) is an industrial and environmental pollutant of aquatic system has attracted the attention of research's all over the world. Male Balb /c mice weighing 30-32 gm, 50 days old, was treated orally with (1-12 ) mg/kg body wt., NiNo3. The liver weight, histological examination of liver, along with DNA ladder for apoptosis was studied . Nickel induced both a time, and dose dependent increase in apoptotic, severity of necrosis. Liver weight, decreased with increase of dose. It has been concluded that nickel caused necrotic effect in liver and apoptotic as well as decrease liver weight

Study the Synergetic Activity of Aluminium Tri Hydroxide with Zinc Oxide as Flame Retardants for Unsaturated Polyester Resin

Jalil R. Ugal; Rawnaq B. Jimaa

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 43-50

In this work, aluminum tri hydroxide (I), zinc oxide (II) and their mixture (1:1) (III) were used as flame retardants for unsaturated polyester resin in the weight ratios of (0, 2, 4, 7, 10, and 12) %, by preparing films of (130*130*3) mm in dimensions.
Three standard test methods used to measure the flame retardation which are: ASTM: D-2863 to measure the limiting oxygen index (LOI), ASTM: D-635 to measure the rate of burning (R.B) & ASTM: D-3014 to measure the maximum height of flame (H). Results obtained from these tests indicated that; ATH, ZnO and their mixture have a good effect as flame retardants for unaturated polyester resin. The synergetic effect was the best.

On Fuzzy Semi T_0 and T_1Spaces on Fuzzy Topological Space on Fuzzy set

Munir Abdul khalik Alkhafaji; Shamaa Abd Alhassan Alkanee

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 51-62

The aim of this paper to introduce fuzzy topological space on fuzzy set , fuzzy semi open set , some other class of fuzzy open sets and fuzzy semi T_0,fuzzy
semi T_1 space when (x y) ,the relation between them and some theorems by using the notions of fuzzy quasi-coincident .

Evaluation of some plant powders for control of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Nawal S. Mehdi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 63-67

The study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of six plant which are :Eugenia carayophyllata , Piper nigrum, Ocimum basilicum, Cuminum cyminum, Allium sativum, Mentha pipertia
powders against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) inVigna sinesis (cow peas) and the physiological quality of the treated seeds under laboratory condition. Among the plant powders tested Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. Floral buttons and Piper nigrum L. seeds which recorded percentage of oviposition deterrence and percentage reduction in F1 adults as 100 and 84.2% respectively and the feeding deterrent index and seedling percent of plantlets from seeds treated with these powders were 91.78, 78 and 28, 39.6 respectively. So, these powder, achieved satisfactory efficiency. However seeds treated with fruits powders of A. sativum and leaves powders of M. piperita and control treatments showed seedling percents as 64, 54.6 and 54.6 respectively.


Israa K. Al-Aubaidi; Furhan T. Mhaisen; Nada M. Al-Bashir

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 68-77

Smears, bone marrow and sera were obtained from 25 suspected patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and 25 cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Most of patients came from urban and rural areas surrounding Baghdad. Bone marrow cultures were positive in 40% of VL cases, while the serological test was positive in 76% of cases. Parasites were demonstrated in 80% of CL smears against 44% of positive cultures.
The causative organisms in Iraqi patients with leishmaniasis were identified according to the electrophoretic variations of glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI), Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), malic enzyme (ME), malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and hexokinase (HK) enzyme. A total of 63.6% of CL isolates were found to be similar to Leishmania major reference strain, while 36.4% were rather similar to L. tropica reference strain. In VL isolates, 90% were similar to the Mediterranean strain (L. donovaniinfantum), while 10% were similar to the Ethiopian reference strain (L. donovanidonovani).

Immunological response of diarrheal patients with determination of mice immunological state against some enteric bacteria


journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 78-82

Blood and stool cultures of gastrointestinal patients reveals two major types of bacteria , Citrobacterfreunds and Salmonella typhi . Citrobacterfreundiform high rate of these isolates . Somatic and flagellar antigen of S. typhi , outer membrane protein ( OMPs) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) antigens of C. freundi were isolated .
Antibody and complement components titers show enhancement during early stage of infection . Mice that infected with bacteria reveals enhancement of immunological response represented by increasing of migration inhibition index value ( MIF ) and phagocytosis of infectious agents . Skin test also done for immunized mice with bacterial antigen Group of mice that Immunized with Somatic antigen of Salmonella and group that immunized with OMP of Citrobacter give a positive results for Delayed type hypersensitivity test .

Electronic Structure, Thermodynamics functions and Physical properties for oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridine Derivatives by Ab Initio calculation (RHF Method)

Khidhir Abdu Hussein Khidhir

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 83-93

This study involved the adoption of the program (Gaussian 03) to use the method of calculation the total (Ab initio of method) according to the Hartree - Fock method (RHF), for the purpose of the expense of dimensional geometric (lengths and angles bond) when the geometry of a balanced, functions thermodynamic, some physical properties, charges.
Also, For (R-Cl, R-F, R-CH3, R-NH2, R-NO2) molecules the calculated some physical properties (ΔHf (in kcal/mole), μ (in Debye) ,orbital energies (EHOMO, ELUMO, in eV), IP (in eV) and measurement stability Δ ) by using (semi-empirical method, MINDO/3 model). Have shown calculation results that the compound (R-F) has the lowest value entropy (S0) and heat capacity (Cv, Cp), as well as the lower value of the heat of formation (the more Stability) and the highest value (Δ), as shown by the results of the account that the compound (R-Cl) has the lowest value (EHOMO, Δ) and the highest value for the ionization energy (IP) as well as to the heat of formation , which means that the compound (R-Cl) is less stability and easier ionization compared to other compound. The results showed that both nitrogen atoms (N3, N7) Had the highest value when the compound (R-NH2),which makes it a strong legend when Linked to metal and the formation of the complex.

MemeticAlgorithmand Genetic Algorithm for the Single Machine Scheduling Problem with Linear Earliness and Quadratic Tardiness Costs

Hussam A.A. Mohammed; Adil S. Hassan; Mohammed H. Saloomi; Ghassan A. Khtan

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 107-113

The Single Machine Scheduling (SMS) problem with Multiple Objective Function (MOF) is one of the most representative problems in the scheduling area. In this paper, we consider the SMS problem with linear earliness and quadratic tardiness costs, and no machine idle time. The chosen method is based on memetic algorithm and genetic algorithm.
For this purpose, Genetic Algorithms (GA) are a population-based Meta heuristics. They have been successfully applied to many optimization problems. A Memetic Algorithm (MA) is an extension of the traditional genetic algorithm. And we introduce two types of crossover. The methods were tested and various experimental results show that MA performs better than the GA for big jobs but GA was better with small jobs.

Development algorithm- computer program of digital mammograms Segmentation for detection of masses breast using Marker-Controlled Watershed in MATLAB environment

Dhirgaam A. Kadhim

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 114-123

Breast cancer detection images are the standard clinical practice for the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer. Digital Mammogram has emerged as the most popular screening technique for early detection of Breast Cancer and other abnormalities. Raw digital mammograms are medical images that are difficult to interpret so we need to develop Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems that will improve detection of abnormalities in mammogram images. In this paper we present a fully algorithm for detection of abnormal masses by anatomical segmentation of Breast Region of Interest (ROI). We are using medio-lateral oblique (MLO) view of mammograms. We have proposed method Marker-Controlled Watershed Segmentation Algorithm (MCWSA). The algorithms proposed are fully autonomous, and are able to isolate and abnormal regions in the breast tissue, If any abnormalities are present it gets accurately highlighted by this algorithm thus helping the radiologists to further investigate these regions, a task very few existing mammogram segmentation algorithms can claim

Synthesis and Characterization of Tetradentate Bissalicylaldehyde Schiff Base with Some Transition Metal Complexes

Rasha Saad Jwad; Farah Muaiad Ibrahim

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 124-131

2,2`-[ethane-1,2-diylbis(oxy)]dibenzaldehyde (oxy) was synthesized via Williamson etherification of salicylaldehyde with dibromoethane in the presence of potassium carbonate. New tetradentate Schiff base ligand 2,2`((((ethane1,2diylbis(oxy))bis(1,2phenelene))bis(methanylylidene))bis(azanylylidene))diphenol (L) was formed by the 1:2 molar condensation of (oxy) compound with o-aminophenol.Metal complexes of Cr(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) with Schiff base ligand were synthesized and characterized by infrared ,electronic spectra ,metal analysis, magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. Tetradentate Schiff base was further identified using 1H NMR technique; the results suggest that the metal ion is bond to the ligand through the ether oxygen and imine nitrogen.

Proximal Point in Topological Transformation Group

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 132-138

In this paper, we introduce the concept of proximal points in topological transformation group and it will be given a necessary and sufficient condition for a proximal points to be replete proximal points and almost periodic points also we show relation proximal points by syndetic set in side and locally almost periodic in other side

Investigation on using rice–husk as low cost adsorbent for dye removal from industrial wastewater

Dakhil Nasir Taha; Luma Ahmed Mohammed; a Sadi Samaka; Isra

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 139-153

This study investigated the use of activated rice- husk as adsorbent for the removal of Janus Green B dye from industrial wastewater.
Adsorption studies were carried out in a batch process with adsorbent dose , contact time , pH , initial dye concentration and adsorbents’ particle size at ambient temperature . The well Known Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied for the equilibrium adsorption data and the various isotherm parameters were evaluated .
The results indicate that activated rice – husk could be employed as a low cost alternative to commercial activated carbon in wastewater treatment for the removal of colour and dyes .

Synthesis Of New Nucleoside Analogue (6-Uracil-L-Ascorbic Acid)

Majed Jari mohammed; Zeyad Kadhim Oleiwi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 154-161

In this research new nucleoside analogues of L-ascorbic acid was synthesized via protection of diol group of 5,6 positions of L-ascorbic acid by cyclic acetal formation, then protection of OH groups of 2,3 positions by benzoyl, after that deprptection of diol group to link tosyl group in 6 position of L-ascorbic acid by selective method then formation of nucleoside by the reaction with mercury salt of uracil that was synthesized previously by reaction of uracil with mercuric chloride in presence of ethanol as solvent.

Studying the synergistic effect of some organo-halogen antimony complexes with chlorinated rubber on retard combustion of unsaturated polyester and epoxy resins

Mohammad N. AL-Baiati; Husam N. AL-Ibrahimy; Rouaa H. AL-Zamely; Lamia T. AL-Maiahy; Noor H. AL-Seaady

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 162-173

Two groups of additives were used in this investigation, to measure the effect of these additives on retard combustion of unsaturated polyester and epoxy resins. The first group contains four complexes, from type organo-halogen antimonate compounds, and the second group, which prepared from blend 50% in weight percentage of each complex with 50% in weight percentage of chlorinated rubber. Three sheets from each resins were prepared with weight percentage ( 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 & 0.8 % ) of additives . Three standard test methods used to measure the flame retardation, which are: (ASTM:D -2863), (ASTM:D-635) and (ASTM:D-3014) .
Results were obtained from these tests indicated that, additive VI has high efficiency as flame retardant, for both resins and additive III show low effect on flammability in both resins .

Polymerization and Synthesis of New Modified Methacrylic acid and Studying Some of their Properties

Emad Taha Baker; Ayad Sady Hameed; Haitham Dalol Hanoon

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 174-185

During this research, some chemical modifications have been done on linear polymethacrylic acid.
Obviously, chemically modified polymers [6, 7, 8, 9, 10] have new different chemical and physical properties, with expected new industrial application. This research describes the synthesis of new modified polymers. Through the condensation of methacrylic polymer with appropriate acid hydrazide in the presence of phosphorus oxychloride. Where prepared many modified polymers in this method.
The structures of these new modified polymers have been established on the basis of physical and spectral data (FT-IR and UV). Acid number, viscosity, molecular weight and swelling of the polymers were also determined.

Optimization Quantitative Determination of Cimetidine in Pharmaceutical Preparations via Bromothymol Blue Using Central Composite Design

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 186-198

Optimum conditions for ion-pair complex formation between cimetidine-bromothymol blue (BTB) are determined using central composite design (CCD) by investigating the effects of three experimental factors including pH, reagent concentration and shaking time. The optimum conditions were found to be pH=5.53, %BTB=0.05% and shaking time=5.71 minutes. The linearity dynamic range for cimetidine are (0.5-15) µg.mL-1 at 427.5 nm with detection limit of 0.222 µg.mL-1. The results show the absence of interferences from the excipients on the determination of the above drug. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of cimetidine in pharmaceutical preparations.

Synthesis and characterization of PVA cyclic acetal derivative and study of its biological activity.

Maha Abdul Wahab Al- Dabbagh

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 199-205

The aim of this work is the synthesis of new grafted PVA polymer with aderivative of L-ascorbic acid (pentulosono-ɣ-lactone-2,3-enedibenzoate).
To obtain this polymer, the 5,6-O-isopropylidene –L-ascorbic acid (2)was chosen , which was prepared from the reaction of L-ascorbic acid (1)as starting material with dry acetone in the presence of hydrogen chloride .The esterification of hydroxyl groups at C-2 and C-3 positions with excess of benzoyl chloride in dry pyridine was obtained compound(3). Hydrolysis for compound (3)in acetic acid(65%) gave the compound (4). Peroxidation of the product (4) with sodium periodate results an aldehyde (5), which was reacted with PVA polymer to give acetal derivative of PVA (6).
All these compounds were characterized by Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and FTIR spectra and some were characterized by (U.V-Vis) spectra, 1HNMR spectra and 13CNMR spectra.
The polymer & polymer metal complex were found to posses’ good antibacterial activity.

On Essential fuzzy submodule and Uniform Fuzzy Module

Hussein H. Abbas; Shukor NeamahMobred

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 213-222

In this paper, we study the concept of uniform fuzzy module and essential fuzzy submodule. Also we give some of characteristics about it such as the intersection of two essential fuzzy submodule s is essential fuzzy submodule , the inverse and image of essential fuzzy submodule is an essential fuzzy submodule also the intersection of two uniform fuzzy module and the image and inverse image of uniform fuzzy module.

Determination of Some Cations Using A Home- made Ion Chromatography System

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 223-230

Single – column ion chromatography system equipped with conductivity detector and with a home-made 12.5 µl sample volume flow cell can be constructed and build-up from simple , inexpensive and off the shelf parts readily available in our analytical laborites .The approach of single-column IC instrumentation depend on the small differences in conductivity between sample ions and the prevailing eluent .To amplify these difference , low capacity exchanger ( Purolite -Slightly acid cation R-COO ) are used for the home-made separation column ( 3 mm ID and 300 mm length ) which permit elution with low electrolyte concentration .
The home-made single column IC has been applied to separate and determination of 25 µl of injecting cations ( Li+ , Na+ , K+ , NH4+, Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Al3+ and Fe3+ ) at 25ºC temperature . The accuracy of the home –made IC instrument was examined by performing recovery experiments using standard additions method. The results were compared with other classical methods and good agreement was obtained ( 94.28- 100.58 )% . Relative standard deviations ( R.S.D. % ) were calculated for six chromatogram runs for each ions . The values obtained were between ( 0.9 – 1.50 % ) and ( 0.9 – 1.40 % ) for peak heights and retention times respectively.

Evaluating the Numerical values for the absolute error using Monte Carlo methods

Kareem I. Sheet; Abdul; Nadia Adeel Saeed

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 231-235

The aim of this research is to present a rapid survey of numerical methods for solving linear Fredholm integral equations of the second kind- that is, for equations of the form [6]:

where the inhomogeneous term f, and the kernel K are given. In addition to use the Monte Carlo multidimensional integration method to estimate the norm [6], [7]:

The efficiency of Monte Carlo simulation technique was obvious from the results obtained

The Electronic Properties of Dicyano Naphthalene Molecules Group

Z. Yousif Mijbil; A. Ibraheem Obaes; M. Kadhim Abed; Noor Amir Nama; Adil Jalil Najim; Huda Bukheet Hassan; Hamed Ibrahim Aboud

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 236-240

The electronic properties of cyanonaphthalene molecules group were investigated depending on the B3LYP density functional theory. The best geometry for the structures of the studied molecules was investigated by using 6-31G** basis set. Total energies, electronic states, energy gaps, ionization potentials and electron affinities were calculated. As a result, the total energy for naphthalene was decrease linearly with the number of side group added to the ring. The forbidden energy gap was reduced and 1,3dicyanonaphthalene molecule has the smallest value.

Determination of Ni(II) and Co(II) Spectrophotometricaly by using 2-[(2-Carboxy-4-nitrophenyl) azo]-4,5-diphenyl imidazole (CNPAI

Abid Allah M. Ali; Dakhil N.Taha; Ahmed Ali Abdulsahib; Rana Abd Alaly; Hussein Abdulkadhim; Ahmed Jawad; Alaa Salman; Zainb Hassan

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 241-252

This work amid to determine of Ni(II) and Co(II) by using 2-[(2-Carboxy-4-nitrophenyl) azo]-4,5-diphenyl imidazole (CNPAI), maximum absorption of two complexes are 566nm and 592nm for Ni-CNPAI and Cd-CNPIA respectively while the maximum absorption of the ligand was 425nm.
Optimum condition were constructed, calibration curve was obeyed in the range (0.05-1.3) ppm for Ni and (0.1-8) ppm for Co ions, the linearity ( R2 ) was (0.9991), (0.9995), molar absorpitivty (ε) was 1.7448 x 104, 9.908 x 104 for Ni(II) and Co(III) complex.
The stoichometry of metals to reagent were 1:2 for two complexes, Precision and accuracy of the analytical procedure for Ni(II) and Co(II) were R.S.D % (2.11 , 0.82)%, (Erel., Re) % were (-3.1, 96.9) % and (-2.7, 97.3) %.

Solution of Third Order Ordinary BVPs Using Osculatory Interpolation Technique

Luma N. M. Tawfiq; Samaher M. Yassien

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 257-263

The aim of this paper is to present a method for solving third order ordinary differential equations with two point boundary condition , we propose two-point osculatory interpolation to construct polynomial solution. The original problem is concerned using two-points osculatory interpolation with the fit equal numbers of derivatives at the end points of an interval [0 , 1] .
Also, many examples are presented to demonstrate the applicability, accuracy and efficiency of the method by compared with conventional method

Preparation ,characterization and thermodynamic study of som transition metal complexes with new azo azomethen Ligand

Salah . M . Hadawi; Abid Allha . M . Ali; Muthana . N . Ali

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 264-272

The study include preparation of tetradentate azo azomethen ligand type (N2O2).This ligand preparation from condensation reaction between salicylaldehyde derivative containing azo group and o-phenylen diamine compound. This ligand has been identified by the many spectral methods such as floural transform Infrared (FTIR), Ultra violet – visible (Uv – vis.), elemental analysis and melting point measurement. Tetra chelate complexes of above ligand with Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) were prepared. The (matel : ligand) (M:L) molar ratio measured by molar ratio method, and the result ratio was (1:1) for all complexes. These complexes were characterized by above spectral method in addition to atomic absorption spectra, molar conductivity measurement and magnetic susceptibility. The FTIR spectral data showed deprotonnated ligand and coordenated with matel ion. The Uv-vis. and magnetic susceptibility results showed the proposed geometrical shapes were squar planner configuration for all complexes Fig.3 From the physical properties and calculation of thermodenamics parameter explanation this reaction was exothermic and spontaneous.

Ion-Pair Formation of Ammonium Fluoride inTetramethylUrea-WaterMixtures from Conductivity Measurements

Hamieda Edan Salmanand; Shaker Mahmud Juad

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 273-278

The equivalent conductivity (Λ) at different concentrations of NH4F solutions in tetramethyl urea (TMU-water) mixtures at 25C˚ has been determined from direct conductance measurements. The association constant (Ka) for ion-pair formation and the equivalent conductivity of the electrolyte at infinite dilution (Λە) in the different mixtures by a least square method with an appropriate computer programme using Shedlovsky method. Densities, viscosities and dielectric constants have been measured for all the solvent mixtures at 25C˚.Walden products (W) have been calculated for NH4F from the (Λ ە)and the viscosities (ηᵒ) of theTMU-water mixtures.

Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Biological Studies of some metal ions complexes with 2-hydroxy-N-pyridin-2-yl methyl-acetamide

Lekaa K. Abdul Karim; Enas H.Ali and; Falih H. Musa

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 279-289

The ligand 2-Hydroxy-N-pyridin-2-ylmethyl-acetamide(L) has been prepared from reaction of 2-(aminomethyl)pyridin with chloroacetic acid (1:1).It has been characterized by elemental analysis (C,H,N) ,'H,13C-NMR, IR and electronic spectra. The complexes of divalent (Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Cd and Hg) ions and trivalent(Cr) ion have been synthesized and characterized by IR, electronic spectra, molar conductivity, atomic absorption and molar ratio (Ni2+) complex. The analytical studies for the complexes show; octahedral for (Cr3+),square planar for (Cu2+) and (Co,Ni Zn, Cd and Hg) tetrahedral geometries. The study of biological activity of the ligand (L) and its complexes (Co,Ni,Cu,Cd,Hg) in two deferent concentration (1and5) mg/ml showed various activity toward staphylococcus aureus and E.coli .

The Relationship between Industrial Noise and Serum Lipid Profile In Electrical Station Workers.

Dakhil N. Taha; Rana A. Alaly; Ahmed A. Abdulsahib

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 290-293

Aim of this study obtained the effects of exposure to industrial noise on serum lipid profile in workers who are exposed to noise at work. The studied included 36 male workers as high level noise exposure in Babylon electrical station and 24 non workers as a control group ,that aged 32-48 years in both them. Mean of serum Triglyceride (TG), total Cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL) ,low and very low density lipoprotein (LDL andVLDL)for exposure group were179.92,369.33,56.76,277.55 and 35.98 mg/dlbutnon exposuregroup were102.84,231.77,57.79,153.40 and 20.57 mg/dl respectively. Mean serum TG,TC, LDL and VLDL between two groups were different,this difference were statistically significant (P=0.00,0.00,0.00 and 0.00).There was no significant difference between two groups in HDL levels. This study did finda significant relationship between exposure to noise and serum lipid profile except HDL.

A Rabid and Sensitive Spectrophotometric Determination of copper (II) and platinum (II) using new reagent of 5-[(4-hydroxy phenyl) azo]-4,6-di hydroxy-2-mercapto pyrimidine

Dakhil N. Taha; Huda S. Abdul Ridha; Hussain J. Mohammed; Rawaa Hufdhi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 294-302

A new reagent of 5-[(4-hydroxy phenyl) azo]-4,6-di hydroxy-2-mercapto pyrimidine (HPAdMPm-HL) has been synthesized and used as a sensitive and selective analytical reagent for spectrphotometric determination of micrograms of copper (II) & platinum (II) .
HPAdMPm reacts with copper (II) & platinum (II) in PH (5) to form an intense color soluble product , that is stable and has a maximum absorption at (621,612) nm with molar absorptivity (0.109×104 , 0.576×104) respectively.
Beer‘s law is obeyed in the concentration range (0.05 - 10) for copper and (0.05 - 15) for platinum . A repetition of the method is checked by finding the relative standard deviation % (R.S.D) for copper & platinum (n=7) which is (3.28 , 0.6) % respectively . The composition of Cu (II) – HpAdMPm & Pt (II) – HpAdMPm complex is established as 1:1 by molar ratio and continuous variation .
The interferences of ions ( Fe3+ , Ag+ , Ni2+ , Zn2+ , Cr3+ , Co2+ , NO2- , SO4= , Cl- , CO3= , F- , NO3- ) were studied and masked by using appropriate masking agents .

New mixed ligand Complexes of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II) with amino acids (L-proline and L-threonine)

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 303-311

A series of few mixed ligand complexes of, manganese(II),iron(II),cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc (II) and cadmium(II), have been synthesized with The mixed ligand complexes have been characterized by, spectroscopic spectral measurements (FT-IR, U.V- Vis), molar conductance, magnetic measurements, and chloride content (Mohr Method) , metal contents of the complexes were determined by Atomic Absorption . The results suggest that the Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II) have distorted tetrahedral geometry . The following general formulae were proposed for the prepared complexes:[M (pro) (Thr)] , where pro- = C5H8NO2- Thr= C4H9NO2- , M+2 = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II). Molar conductance of a 10−3 M solution in (DMF) indicates that all the complexes are non-electrolytes.