Assessment of Flouride concentrations in surface water from selected regions in Baghdad city and their effective on society
journal of kerbala university,
2011, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 140-147
AbstractThe Tigris River is the main source of drinking water in the city of Baghdad , now this river suffers from excessive exposure to the pollution for several causes including: industrial waste that arise directly without processing , as well as waste treatment plants sewage Al-Rustumiya and Al-Dorah, that their waste up to the river without treatment in some cases, as well as the limited capacity of these projects and not coverage to the requirements of the Baghdad city. The research aims to estimate the concentration of fluoride ions in the surface water and determine the percentage in the waters of the Tigris River and drinking water in minutes in addition to determine water quality by measuring the physical and chemical properties of the water, and through the results obtained are determine the health effects on society.
Where the collected samples of water from the Tigris river and drinking water from different parts of the Baghdad city to measure the ion concentration of fluoride in plastic containers one-liter made of polyethylene, has been collecting samples Tigris River from the first point of entry into the Baghdad city in the arm of the Tigris and until arrival at the end of the track and its junction with the River Diyala, either drinking water were collected from areas Al-Amael , Ghazaliya, Baiya, Adhamiya, the Diyala Bridge, Al-Dorah, Karrada, Mansour, Al-Bealedate and Al-Shaube city's , was conducted measurements using a Ion Selective in measuring the concentration of ions fluoride to water, using the electrode fluoride, and fluorine standard solutions for the calibration process. The results showed that the fluoride ion concentrations in the waters of the Tigris River ranged from 0.041-0.025 (ppm) and the highest concentration of fluoride at the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala River.
- Article View: 90
- PDF Download: 46