The Concept of Divinity in Terms of Heavenly and Positive Religions
journal of kerbala university,
2010, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 24-47
AbstractThe concept of divinity underwent different dramatic stages of change, transformation ,development and considering the importance of religion and its solid relevance to politics and society especially that there exists no nation in the whole world capable of ignoring the overall impact of religion for its subjective importance as a spiritual inevitable need for mankind, since there has never been, along the history of civilization, a refined political organization nor a systematic human assembly unless it was associated with or predominated by an image of worship and faith in supernatural powers.
Accordingly, this study deals with the concept of divinity . What draws our attention in observing the concept of divinity in different civilizations was that this concept approaches the notion of oneness and monotheism. As these civilizations advanced , the relationship between the authority and the individual improved ,for this relationship is deprived from its benefits; and on the other hand ,whenever the ideology of divinity was inclined to polytheism , it' true meaning was distracted between the ancestors and natural powers leading to deterioration of civilization and the decline of the relationship between man and authority.
The concept of divinity settled with the emergence of heavenly religions which called for absolute oneness of God in Judaism, Christianity and Islam for the consolidation and identification of this concept; furthermore , the relation between man and God was clarified with the notice of the penetration of many pagan beliefs into the heavenly religions by the nations which embraced these religions but at the same time they maintained some of their idolatrous ideologies and social habits that are historically connected with paganism ; thereby the doctrines of divine immanentism slipped into Jewry while the beliefs of hypostasis , polytheism, trinity and humanity infiltrated into Christianity ; in addition to the idolization and worship of individuals ;also the surfacing of expiatory ideas and doctrines along with the extremist doctrines in the Islamic religion.
Nevertheless, the Islamic religion ,in general, is decisive in this matter considering the specific evident and comprehensive perspective it lays out towards absolute monotheism of the concept of divinity
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