ISSN: 1813-0410

Keywords : Iraq


The effect of supplementing Ginger powder in ration on productive performance of broiler Ross 308

Tariq Salah Almrsomi

journal of kerbala university, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 50-54

This study was approved out to inspect the effects of adding Ginger powder in dietary supplement on broiler productive performance. Two hundred and forty chicks of commercial strain Ross 308 one day old were wielded in this rummage the chicks were separately balanced and haphazardly spread to 4 treatments. Each treatment included three replicates (20 chicks/replicate).The treatments were as follows : control G0 free of Ginger powder, G1 adding 2.5g /kg of Ginger powder to the diet, G2 adding 5g /kg of Ginger powder to the diet, G3 adding 7.5g /kg of Ginger powder to the diet. The results discovered that associated to control, there was no significantly a difference for chicks fed Ginger powder such as body weights, weight improvement, consumption of feed and feed alteration portion during the experimental period. This study indicated that the dietary levels of Ginger powder did not have any benefit effect on growth and the digestibility of most nutrients.

Seasonal variations of natural feeding of Himri Barbus luteus (Heckel) and common carp Cyprinus carpio L. from Euphrates river at Al-Musayab city , Iraq

journal of kerbala university, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 48-55

194 of Himri Barbus luteus and 190 common carp Cyprinus carpio L. were collected from Euphrates at Al-Musayab along the period from 2/1/2014 to 31/12/2014 using gill net and cast net. Foregut contents analysis was carriedout by using frequency of occurrence (%O) and numerical analysis (points method %P ) as well as Importance Ranking Index (%IRI) whereas( %IR I= %P x %O ) to make knowledge on the importance of fish food items.The results (according to %R) re-vealed that Himri Barbus luteus was herbivorous fish therefore the plant origin food formed %80.17 while the animal origin formed %16.62. The results showed that the aquatic plants ranked first formed %27.12 followed by detritus and algae which formed %25.90 and %20.22 respectively, then insects, diatoms and non diagnosed digestive food which formed %8.62 , %6.92 and %5.89 respectively, while common carp Cyprinus carpio L.may described as omnivorous fish because the plant origin food formed %50.09 while the animal origin formed %45.49 ,so the detritus and non diagnosed digestive food got the highest ratios of fish diet formed %29.88 and %25.08 followed by insects , aquatic plants, crustacea and algae which formed %10.87, %10.30 , % 9.24 and %7.06 respectively. As conclusion , Himri Barbus luteus may considered as herbivorous fish while Common carp Cyprinus carpio L. was omnivorous fish in this study during all year seasons.

DELIBERATE SELF-HARM CASES TREATED IN AL-YARMOUK TEACHING HOSPITAL

ALI HUSSEIN ABID

journal of kerbala university, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 1-5

Background:
This study comprises all cases of deliberate self-harm who were admitted to Al-Yarmouk teaching hospital in Baghdad between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2001.
Method:
A total of 40 cases were identified of whom 2 were admitted to the surgical wards and the rest to the medical department.
Results:
Deliberate self-harm accounted for 0.47% of all medical admissions during the period of our study . This low frequency could be attributed to the influence of Islamic teachings. The majority of subjects were single below age of 30 years (95%). With most below the age of 20 (52.5%) female to male ratio was 4:1 . Interpersonal conflicts leading to quarrels precipitated the act in over two-thirds (72.5%) of the episode.
Conclusions:
Drug over dosage was involved in 80% of the cases. Psychotropic , analgesics and miscellaneous drugs were used almost equally . Reactive depression was the commonest diagnosis (60%).
Recommendations:
Limited sales of analgesics discard of unused medications and discerte prescription of psychotropics particularly to young females are among recommended preventive measures.

Influence of Gender and Smoking Habit on the Trace Elements Levels of Washed Scalp Hair of a Control Population from Karbala, Iraq

Joda A. Baker; Neil I. Ward

journal of kerbala university, Volume 1, Issue 0, Pages 271-282

Hair samples (n=236) (control or healthy) individuals were collected from Karbala, a city in south-western Iraq. The study population consisted of males (n=196) and females (n=40). All cases were subdivided according to smoking habits (non and active) so as to compare the levels of trace elements in scalp hair in relation to smoking habits. V, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Sr and Cd levels in washed scalp hair were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The validity and accuracy of the methodology were evaluated by using a certified reference material GBW 09101 Human Scalp Hair with an acceptable range for elemental recoveries ranging from 90 to 107 %. The results obtained showed significantly higher mean level (µg/g dry. weight) of Sr (11.58) in the scalp hair when compared with the reference range values for control or healthy individuals reported in different countries (0.06 – 6.31 µg/g). It was found that the mean values of Sr and Co were significantly higher in females than males, whilst the levels of V, Mn, Cu, Zn and Cd were similar (at a probability level p = 0.05). Hair of smokers contained significantly more V, Sr and Cd than the hair of non-smokers (at P = 0.05). The levels of Mn, Co, Cu and Zn were similar in both sub-groups of smoking activity (at P = 0.05).