ISSN: 1813-0410

Keywords : Hemoptysis


Differential Diagnosis of Hemoptysis in the medical out-patient clinics

Kadhim.A.Al-Hilali

journal of kerbala university, Volume 8, Issue 0, Pages 52-57

Background:
Hemoptysis is a common and significant symptom in respiratory Medicine. The patient as well as his relatives are frequently frightened, because of the possible life-threatening etiology or consequences.
Objective:
To determine the prevalence of the various causes of hemoptysis.
Methods:
The study involved (161)patients , (94) males and (67) females , complaining of hemoptysis attending the medical out-patient clinics for 5.5 years .Evaluation of each case was done and the results were analyzed to reach the final diagnosis .
Results:
Male to female ratio is (94/67 = 1.4:1) . The average age is (42) years . The diagnosis was undetermined in 45 cases (28%) of the total , Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) 32 (20%) , Bronchitis (acute and chronic) 29 (18%) , Lung cancer 19 (11.8%) , Bronchiectasis 13 (8%) , Miscellaneous 13 ( 8%) and pneumonia and lung abscess 10 (6.2%).
Conclusion:
High prevalence of PTB in this country as a cause of hemoptysis . The prevalence of bronchitis and lung cancer comes next . All attempts should be sought to control these diseases.