Author : A.Al-hilali, Kadhim
journal of kerbala university,
2007, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 11-17
Background:Waist circumference is a useful parameter used to measure abdominal obesity .Values higher than normal are associated with increased prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension.
Objective: To evaluate the association between increased waist circumference and the increase in incidence of hypertension and type two diabetes mellitus.
Methods: The total number of persons examined was 1677. Their age ranged from 20-70 years with an average of 53 year.The waist circumference was measured in centimetre , together with other data designed in the data sheet for this study , hypertensive and diabetic(type two) people were identified and recorded.
Patients who had coexisted Diabetes Mellitus and hypertension were excluded from the study.
Results: The total number of females was 785,out of them ,379(48%)had increased waist circumference ,This included 137(36%)hypertensive, and 55(14.5%) diabetics ,compared with 406(52%)women with normal waist circumference and included 53(13%)hypertensive and 32(7.9%)diabetics.
Out of 892 males ,104(11.7%)had increased waist circumference and included 37(35.6%) hypertensive and 19(18.3%)diabetics, compared with 788 men who had normal waist circumference ,and included 81(10.3%)hypertensive and 60(7.6%) diabetics.
1. The prevalence of hypertension and type two diabetes mellitus was seem to be increased in proportion to the increasing in waist circumference.
2. Low educational level and socioeconomic state associated with increased prevalence of obesity and its complication.
Keywords: waist circumference, abdominal obesity, central obesity, cut-off points, companions