ISSN: 1813-0410

Author : Abid Abdul-Hussein, Mohammad

Determination of Left Ventricular Mass by Echocardiography in Normotensive Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Mohammad Abid Abdul-Hussein; Hussain S. Al-Janabi; Haydar Jawad Kadhum

journal of kerbala university, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 161-168

Background: left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is often present in type 2 diabetics even in the absence of cardiovascular disease. Aim of study: to explore the presence of LVH in normotensive diabetic type 2 patients.Patients and method: twenty patients with type 2 DM (13 males and 7 females) recruited from the diabetic clinic in Assadir teaching hospital during six months period. All patients were normotensive type 2 diabetics. Twenty normotensive non-diabetic subjects were recruited as control. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate the LV mass (LVM) and LV mass index (LVMI) for each patient. Results: the study revealed a significantly high incidence of LVH in normotensive diabetics than the normal control subjects (p value <0.05). Four patients were found to have LVH (20%). Incidence of LVH was more common in females (28.5%) than in males (15%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p value >0.05). Older age group of patients is correlated significantly with LVH (p value <0.05). LVH didn’t significantly correlate with duration of diabetes and fasting plasma glucose (p value >0.05).Conclusions: LVH can be seen in the Type 2 DM patients even in the absence of hypertension. These patients have a higher LVMI than the normal control subjects.