ISSN: 1813-0410

Author : Dakhel AL- Muala, Header

Comparison between normal oral bcterial flora in healthy and diabetic patients

Header Dakhel AL- Muala; Suha mohammad sami; Ibtihal Al shimirty

journal of kerbala university, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 257-263

The oral cavity contains some of the most varied and vast flora in the entire human body, several diseases involves the gastrointestinal systems and manifest in the oral cavity.
Materials and Methods. forty five diabetic patients (12 males and 33 females, age range between 23-68 years) complained of signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus, the fasting blood sugar was above the normal (100 mg/d l). The second group included fifteen persons (13 males and 2 females) who presented with no signs and symptoms of diabetes and HbA1c was within normal range (5.5-6.5). Swabs from different site of teeth.
Results. Bacterial micro-organism was isolated from the all site of oral cavity, in normal person, Staph. Epidermidis and Strepto. Mutanes were high in number and E.Coli.and Strepto. Sangious were less number. Strepto.Mutanes, Klibsielia Pneumonia , Staph . epidermidis and Strepto. Sangious were high number bacterial micro-organisms which was inhabitant In uncontrolled diabetic patients , and Strepto. proteus was less number bacterial micro-organism was isolated from the all site of oral cavity.
Discussion. A variety of organisms in the microenvironment of the oral cavity adhere to the teeth, the gingival sulcus, the tongue, and the buccal mucosa. The normal flora in healthy individuals was differed than in un controlled diabetic patients may be due to dietary changes combined with poor oral hygiene especially in old age uncontrolled diabetic patient, or may be due to changes of the PH of the oral cavity and or decrease in salivary flow due to atrophy of aging.
Key words: bacterial oral cavity, healthy and uncontrolled diabetic patients.