Author : Mohammad H. Rasheed, Suaad
journal of kerbala university,
2016, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 50-58
Back ground: Identification of the most common aeroallergens to which patients are sensitized in a specific area is important in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory allergy,
Aim:the aim of this study is to investigate the pattern of skin prick test reactivity to various aeroallergens among allergic patients by skin prick test and the associated risk in Al-Najaf city.
Methods: a cross section study were conducted on 128 patients (67 male and 61 female) with respiratory allergies, age of patients range from 15-63 years with mean of 35.48 ±10.521. Skin Prick Tests (SPT) were done for them with series of common allergenic extracts.
Results: skin prick test was positive in (87.5% ) of patients. Skin prick tests results showed high percent of sensitization to tree pollens especially date palm pollens (48.2%)followed by Bermuda grass pollens (31%) ,HDM genus glycefygus was the more prevalent in patients suffer from mite sensitivity, whereas alternaria mold was the most prevalent type of molds. The study showed that young age group exhibit skin test reactivity more than other age groups(p<0.05) and housewives and employers had high percent of skin positivity, additionally , skin test reactivity was significantly higher in people live in urban area than those live in rural area.
Conclusion: pollens were the most common aeroallergens in patients with allergic symptoms